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Brossard D.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Brossard D.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Zhang Y.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Zhang Y.,Laboratoire Microenvironnement Cellulaire et Pathologies MILPAT | And 16 more authors.
Chemical Biology and Drug Design

Nine new 17-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-5-yl)steroids as abiraterone analogues were synthesized. Compounds 5d and 5g showed selective activities against 17α-hydroxylase/C17,20-lyase (CYP17A1) and aromatase (CYP19), respectively. IC50 values of 5d were 5.09 and >50 μm, whereas these values for 5g were >50 μm and 7.40 μm, respectively, for CYP17A1 and CYP19. Molecular modelling highlighted that the inhibitor designed to bind cytochrome P450 haem iron is a necessary condition but not the only rationale to explain inhibitory activity. These abiraterone analogues were then evaluated on hormone-independent prostate cancer cell lines DU-145 and PC-3 and on hormone-dependent breast and prostate cancer cell lines MCF-7 and LNCaP, respectively. Compounds 5e, 5g and 5i have showed potent activities only on hormone-independent prostate cancer cell lines DU-145 and PC-3 with 60-85% inhibition of both cell viability and growth at 10 nm with pro-apoptotic mechanism as illustrated in PC-3 cells by DNA ladder assay and Western blotting of Bax, Casp-3 and its substrate, the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase. We conclude that hybrid heterocycle steroids could be good lead compounds in the drug design especially against hormone-independent prostate cancer. Three derivatives showed potent activities only on hormone-independent prostate cancer cell lines DU-145 and PC-3 with 60-85% inhibition of both cell viability and growth at 10 nm with pro-apoptotic mechanism. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Brossard D.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Brossard D.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Sur Le Medicament Of Normandie Cermn | Lechevrel M.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Lechevrel M.,Laboratoire Microenvironnement Cellulaire et Pathologies MILPAT | And 9 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

We previously reported that the cinnamylpiperazinyl group in the side chain of the chenodeoxycholic acid showed apoptosis-inducing activity on multiple myeloma cancer cell line KMS-11. In the present study, we synthesized and tested the pro-apoptotic potency of fifteen new piperazinyl bile carboxamide derived from cholic, ursodeoxycholic, chenodeoxycholic, deoxycholic and lithocholic acids on human colon adenocarcinoma cell lines DLD-1, HCT-116, and HT-29. Cell viability was first measured using XTT assay. The most of the synthetic bile carboxamide derivatives decreased significantly cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. HCT-116 and DLD-1 cell lines were more sensitive than HT-29 to tested compounds. 9c, 9d showed the best in vitro results in term of solubility and dose-response effect on the three colon adenocarcinoma cell lines. Additionally, flow cytometric and Western-blotting analysis showed that 9c induced pro-apoptosis in DLD-1 and HCT-116 whereas 9d did not. We conclude that the benzyl group improved anti-proliferative activity and that the α-hydroxyl group was found to be more beneficial at the 7-position in steroid skeleton. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

Cruet-Hennequart S.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Cruet-Hennequart S.,Laboratoire Microenvironnement Cellulaire et Pathologies MILPAT | Cruet-Hennequart S.,French Atomic Energy Commission | Cruet-Hennequart S.,National University of Ireland | And 11 more authors.

While human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), either in the bone marrow or in tumour microenvironment could be targeted by radiotherapy, their response is poorly understood. The oxic effects on radiosensitivity, cell cycle progression are largely unknown, and the radiation effects on hMSCs differentiation capacities remained unexplored. Here we analysed hMSCs viability and cell cycle progression in 21% O2 and 3% O2 conditions after medical Xrays irradiation. Differentiation towards osteogenesis and chondrogenesis after irradiation was evaluated through an analysis of differentiation specific genes. Finally, a 3D culture model in hypoxia was used to evaluate chondrogenesis in conditions mimicking the natural hMSCs microenvironment. The hMSCs radiosensitivity was not affected by O2 tension. A decreased number of cells in S phase and an increase in G2/M were observed in both O2 tensions after 16 hours but hMSCs released from the G2/M arrest and proliferated at day 7. Osteogenesis was increased after irradiation with an enhancement of mRNA expression of specific osteogenic genes (alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin). Osteoblastic differentiation was altered since matrix deposition was impaired with a decreased expression of collagen I, probably through an increase of its degradation by MMP-3. After induction in monolayers, chondrogenesis was altered after irradiation with an increase in COL1A1 and a decrease in both SOX9 and ACAN mRNA expression. After induction in a 3D culture in hypoxia, chondrogenesis was altered after irradiation with a decrease in COL2A1, ACAN and SOX9 mRNA amounts associated with a RUNX2 increase. Together with collagens I and II proteins decrease, associated to a MMP-13 expression increase, these data show a radiationinduced impairment of chondrogenesis. Finally, a radiation-induced impairment of both osteogenesis and chondrogenesis was characterised by a matrix composition alteration, through inhibition of synthesis and/or increased degradation. Alteration of osteogenesis and chondrogenesis in hMSCs could potentially explain bone/joints defects observed after radiotherapy. © 2015 Cruet-Hennequart et al. Source

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