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Guenin S.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Mareck A.,Laboratoire Glycobiologie et Matrice Extracellulaire Vegetale UPRES EA 4358 | Rayon C.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Lamour R.,Laboratoire Glycobiologie et Matrice Extracellulaire Vegetale UPRES EA 4358 | And 17 more authors.
New Phytologist | Year: 2011

• Here, we focused on the biochemical characterization of the Arabidopsis thaliana pectin methylesterase 3 gene (AtPME3; At3g14310) and its role in plant development. • A combination of biochemical, gene expression, Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy and reverse genetics approaches were used. • We showed that AtPME3 is ubiquitously expressed in A. thaliana, particularly in vascular tissues. In cell wall-enriched fractions, only the mature part of the protein was identified, suggesting that it is processed before targeting the cell wall. In all the organs tested, PME activity was reduced in the atpme3-1 mutant compared with the wild type. This was related to the disappearance of an activity band corresponding to a pI of 9.6 revealed by a zymogram. Analysis of the cell wall composition showed that the degree of methylesterification (DM) of galacturonic acids was affected in the atpme3-1 mutant. A change in the number of adventitious roots was found in the mutant, which correlated with the expression of the gene in adventitious root primordia. • Our results enable the characterization of AtPME3 as a major basic PME isoform in A. thaliana and highlight its role in adventitious rooting. © 2011 New Phytologist Trust.

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