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Thevenon J.,University of Burgundy | Bourredjem A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Bourredjem A.,University of Burgundy | Faivre L.,University of Burgundy | And 44 more authors.
European Journal of Endocrinology | Year: 2015

Background: MEN1, which is secondary to the mutation of the MEN1 gene, is a rare autosomal-dominant disease that predisposes mutation carriers to endocrine tumors. Most studies demonstrated the absence of direct genotype-phenotype correlations. The existence of a higher risk of death in the Groupe d'étude des Tumeurs Endocrines-cohort associated with a mutation in the JunD interacting domain suggests heterogeneity across families in disease expressivity. This study aims to assess the existence of modifying genetic factors by estimating the intrafamilial correlations and heritability of the six main tumor types in MEN1. Methods: The study included 797 patients from 265 kindred and studied seven phenotypic criteria: parathyroid and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and pituitary, adrenal, bronchial, and thymic (thNET) tumors and the presence of metastasis. Intrafamilial correlations and heritability estimates were calculated from family tree data using specific validated statistical analysis software. Results: Intrafamilial correlations were significant and decreased along parental degrees distance for pituitary, adrenal and thNETs. The heritability of these three tumor types was consistently strong and significant with 64% (S.E.M.Z0.13; P<0.001) for pituitary tumor, 65% (S.E.M.Z0.21; P<0.001) for adrenal tumors, and 97% (S.E.M.Z0.41; P=0.006) for thNETs. Conclusion: The present study shows the existence of modifying genetic factors for thymus, adrenal, and pituitary MEN1 tumor types. The identification of at-risk subgroups of individuals within cohorts is the first step toward personalization of care. Next generation sequencing on this subset of tumors will help identify the molecular basis of MEN1 variable genetic expressivity. © 2015 European Society of Endocrinology Printed in Great Britain.


Linglart A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Linglart A.,University of Paris Descartes | Linglart A.,University Paris - Sud | Menguy C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 17 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2011

The skeletal dysplasia characteristic of acrodysostosis resembles the Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy seen in patients with pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a, but defects in the α-stimulatory subunit of the G-protein (GNAS), the cause of pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a, are not present in patients with acrodysostosis. We report a germ-line mutation in the gene encoding PRKAR1A, the cyclic AMP (cAMP) - dependent regulatory subunit of protein kinase A, in three unrelated patients with acrodysostosis and resistance to multiple hormones. The mutated subunit impairs the protein kinase A response to stimulation by cAMP; this explains our patients' hormone resistance and the similarities of their skeletal abnormalities with those observed in patients with pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a. Copyright © 2011 Massachusetts Medical Society.


Linglart A.,Institute National Of La Santeet Of La Recherche Megdicale Unite 986 | Fryssira H.,Sophia Genetics | Hiort O.,Jugendmedizin Universitatsklinikum S | Holterhus P.-M.,Universitario Araba | And 22 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2012

Context: Acrodysostosis is a rare skeletal dysplasia that is associated with multiple resistance to G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling hormones in a subset of patients. Acrodysostosis is genetically heterogeneous because it results from heterozygous mutations in PRKAR1A or PDE4D, two key actors in the GPCR-cAMP-protein kinase A pathway. Objective: Our objective was to identify the phenotypic features that distinguish the two genotypes causing acrodysostosis. Patients and Methods: Sixteen unrelated patients with acrodysostosis underwent a candidategene approach and were investigated for phenotypic features. Results: All patients had heterozygous de novo mutations. Fourteen patients carried a PRKAR1A mutation (PRKAR1A patients), five each a novel PRKAR1A mutation (p.Q285R, p.G289E, p.A328V, p.R335L, or p.Q372X), nine the reported PRKAR1A p.R368X mutation; two patients harbored a mutation in PDE4D (PDE4D patients) (one novel mutation, p.A227S; one reported, p.E590A). All PRKAR1A, but none of the PDE4D mutated patients were resistant to PTH and TSH. Two PRKAR1A patients each with a novel mutation presented a specific pattern of brachydactyly. One PDE4D patient presented with acroskyphodysplasia. Additional phenotypic differences included mental retardation in PDE4D patients. In addition, we report the presence of pigmented skin lesions in PRKAR1A and PDE4D patients, a feature not yet described in the acrodysostosis entity. Conclusions: All PRKAR1A and PDE4D patients present similar bone dysplasia characterizing acrodysostosis. Phenotypic differences, including the presence of resistance to GPCR-cAMP signaling hormones in PRKAR1A but not PDE4D patients, indicate phenotype-genotype correlations and highlight the specific contributions of PRKAR1A and PDE4D in cAMP signaling in different tissues. Copyright © 2012 by The Endocrine Society.


Nozieres C.,University of Lyon | Nozieres C.,Center Leon Berard | Zhang C.-X.,Center Leon Berard | Buffet A.,Service de genetique | And 25 more authors.
Annales d'Endocrinologie | Year: 2014

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant inherited syndrome, related to mutations in the MEN1 gene. Controversial data suggest that the nonsynonymous p.Ala541Thr variant, usually considered as a non-pathogenic polymorphism, may be associated with an increased risk of MEN1-related lesions in carriers. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pathogenic influence of the p.Ala541Thr variant on clinical and functional outcomes. Patients and methods: We analysed a series of 55 index patients carrying the p.Ala541Thr variant. Their clinical profile was compared to that of 117 MEN1 patients. The biological impact of the p.Ala541Thr variant on cell growth was additionally investigated on menin-deficient Leydig cell tumour (LCT)10 cells generated from Men1+/Men1- heterozygous knock-out mice, and compared with wild type (WT). Results: The mean age at first appearance of endocrine lesions was similar in both p.Ala541Thr carriers and MEN1 patients, but no p.Ala541Thr patient had more than one cardinal MEN1 lesion at initial diagnosis. A second MEN1 lesion was diagnosed in 13% of MEN1 patients and in 7% of p.Ala541Thr carriers in the year following preliminary diagnosis. Functional studies on LCT10 cells showed that overexpression of the p.Ala541Thr variant did not inhibit cell growth, which is in direct contrast to results obtained from investigation of WT menin protein. Conclusion: Taken together, these data raise the question of a potential pathogenicity of the p.Ala541Thr missense variant of menin that commonly occurs within the general population. Additional studies are required to investigate whether it may be involved in a low-penetrance MEN1 phenotype. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.


PubMed | Service de genetique moleculaire, Laboratoire doncogenetique, Service de gastro enterologie, University of Lyon and 10 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annales d'endocrinologie | Year: 2014

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant inherited syndrome, related to mutations in the MEN1 gene. Controversial data suggest that the nonsynonymous p.Ala541Thr variant, usually considered as a non-pathogenic polymorphism, may be associated with an increased risk of MEN1-related lesions in carriers.The aim of this study was to evaluate the pathogenic influence of the p.Ala541Thr variant on clinical and functional outcomes.We analysed a series of 55 index patients carrying the p.Ala541Thr variant. Their clinical profile was compared to that of 117 MEN1 patients. The biological impact of the p.Ala541Thr variant on cell growth was additionally investigated on menin-deficient Leydig cell tumour (LCT)10 cells generated from Men1+/Men1- heterozygous knock-out mice, and compared with wild type (WT).The mean age at first appearance of endocrine lesions was similar in both p.Ala541Thr carriers and MEN1 patients, but no p.Ala541Thr patient had more than one cardinal MEN1 lesion at initial diagnosis. A second MEN1 lesion was diagnosed in 13% of MEN1 patients and in 7% of p.Ala541Thr carriers in the year following preliminary diagnosis. Functional studies on LCT10 cells showed that overexpression of the p.Ala541Thr variant did not inhibit cell growth, which is in direct contrast to results obtained from investigation of WT menin protein.Taken together, these data raise the question of a potential pathogenicity of the p.Ala541Thr missense variant of menin that commonly occurs within the general population. Additional studies are required to investigate whether it may be involved in a low-penetrance MEN1 phenotype.

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