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Saint-Antoine-de-Breuilh, France

Hirsch P.,Service dHematologie Clinique et de Therapie Cellulaire | Hirsch P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Qassa G.,Service dHematologie Clinique et de Therapie Cellulaire | Marzac C.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 12 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2015

The benefit associated with chemotherapy in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is debated. The prognostic impact of molecular mutations in these patients is unknown. We identified 79 patients with AML aged 75 years or over. Forty-two received chemotherapy and 37 supportive care only. In intensively treated patients, overall survival was longer (p < 0.001). Achieving complete remission was associated with longer survival (p < 0.001). NPM1 mutations tended to be associated with a higher complete remission rate (p = 0.12). In multivariate analysis, FLT3-ITD was associated with poorer survival (p = 0.049). Patients harboring FLT3-ITD and no NPM1 mutation had a poorer prognosis than others (p = 0.02). Intensive treatments can benefit a portion of elderly patients. FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutational status might be useful for prognosis stratification. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd. Source


Kempf E.,Service dHematologie Clinique et de Therapie Cellulaire | Kempf E.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Hirsch P.,Service dHematologie Clinique et de Therapie Cellulaire | Hirsch P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 18 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2014

Body Mass Index (BMI) prognosis in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is unknown. Capping chemotherapy dose at 2m2 of body surface area (BSA) is used without any rationale. We assessed whether both of them could be correlated with outcome in 233 AML patients. Thirty three percent were overweight, 10% obese and BSA over 2m2 was observed in 15%. BMI and BSA>2m2 were not associated with OS (p=0.16; p=0.39), nor with DFS (p=0.18; p=0.42), nor with CR. OS-associated factors were age (p<0.001), cytogenetic (p=0.002), FLT3-ITD (p=0.01). BMI and chemotherapy dose capping are not pejorative factors on intensively treated AML patients. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Marzac C.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Marzac C.,Laboratoire dImmunologie et Hematologie Biologique | Garrido E.,CNRS Natural Product Chemistry Institute | Tang R.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 9 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2011

Background: A major issue in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia is resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. An increasing number of ATP-Binding-Cassette transporters have been demonstrated to cause resistance to cancer drugs. The aim of this study was to highlight the putative role of other ATP-Binding-Cassette transporters in primary chemoresistant acute myeloid leukemia. Design and Methods: In the first part of this study, using taqman custom arrays, we analyzed the relative expression levels of 49 ATP-Binding-Cassette genes in 51 patients divided into two extreme cohorts, one very sensitive and one very resistant to chemotherapy. In the second part of this study, we evaluated the prognostic impact, in a cohort of 281 patients, of ATP-Binding-Cassette genes selected in the first part of the study. Results: In the first part of the study, six genes (ATP-Binding-CassetteA2, ATP-Binding-CassetteB1, ATPBinding-CassetteB6, ATP-Binding-CassettC13, ATP-Binding-CassetteG1, and ATP-Binding-CassetteG2) were significantly over-expressed in the resistant group compared with the sensitive group. In the second cohort, overexpression of 5 of these 6 ATP-Binding-Cassette genes was correlated with outcome in univariate analysis, and only the well-known ATP-Binding-CassetteB1 and G2, and the new ATP-Binding-CassetteG1 in multivariate analysis. Prognosis decreased remarkably with the number of these over-expressed ABC genes. Complete remission was achieved in 71%, 59%, 54%, and 0%, (P=0.0011) and resistance disease in 21%, 37%, 43%, and 100% (P<0.0001) of patients over-expressing 0, 1, 2, or 3, ABC genes, respectively. The number of ATP-Binding-Cassette genes expressed, among ATP-Binding-CassetteB1, G1, and G2, was the strongest prognostic factor correlated, in multivariate analysis, with achievement of complete remission (P=0.01), resistant disease (P=0.01), and overall survival (P=0.02). Conclusions: Using expression profiling, we have emphasized the diversity of ATP-Binding-Cassette transporters that cooperate to promote chemoresistance rather than overexpression of single transporters and the putative role of new ATP-Binding-Cassette tranporters, such as ATP-Binding-CassetteG1. Modulation of these multiple transporters might be required to eradicate leukemic cells. ©2011 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Source


Hirsch P.,HOpital Saint Antoine | Hirsch P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Tang R.,HOpital Saint Antoine | Tang R.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 10 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2012

ATP-binding cassette transporter (and specially P-glycopro-tein) activity is a well known prognostic factor in acute myeloid leukemia, but when compared to other molecular markers its prognostic value has not been well studied. Here we study relationships between this activity, fms-like tyrosine kinase 3(FLT3/ITD), nucleophosmin(NPM1), CAAT-enhancer binding protein alpha(CEBPα), and brain and acute leukemia cytoplasmic protein (BAALC), in 111 patients with normal cytogenetics who underwent the same treatment, and evaluate its prognostic impact. Independent factors for survival were age (P=0.0126), ATP-binding cassette transporter activity (P=0.018) and duplications in the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (P=0.0273). In the 66 patients without fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 duplication and without nucleophosmin mutation, independent prognostic factors for complete remission achievement and survival were age and ATP-binding cassette transporter activity. In conclusion, ATP-binding cassette transporter activity remains an independent prognostic factor, and could assist treatment decisions in patients with no nucleophosmin mutation and no fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 duplication. © 2012 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Source


Hirsch P.,Service dHematologie Clinique et de Therapie Cellulaire | Hirsch P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Hirsch P.,Paris-Sorbonne University | Hirsch P.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 30 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2014

The prognostic interest of cytogenetic remission and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) evaluation in patients with abnormal karyotype acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been poorly studied. Among 198 patients that reached complete remission (CR), 24 did not reach cytogenetic remission (CyCR). CyCR had no prognosis impact, especially in patients with intermediate or unfavorable cytogenetic. Twenty of 52 evaluated patients in CyCR did not reach FISH CR. FISH CR was associated with better OS (p=0.004) and tended to be associated with better disease-free survival (DFS) (p=0.08). FISH evaluation may be a useful tool for prognosis evaluation and minimal residual disease (MRD) assessment in patients with abnormal cytogenetic AML. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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