Laboratoire dHistologie

Saint-Germain-de-Prinçay, France

Laboratoire dHistologie

Saint-Germain-de-Prinçay, France
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Philippi N.,CHU de Strasbourg | Vinzio S.,Service de Medecine Interne et Nutrition | Collongues N.,CHU de Strasbourg | Vix M.,Service de Chirurgie Digestive | And 3 more authors.
Revue Neurologique | Year: 2011

Introduction: Peripheral neuropathies sometimes complicate bariatric surgery. Patients and methods: We report the detailed clinical, electrophysiological, biological and histological characteristics of five patients who developed peripheral neuropathy after bariatric surgery. Results: Three patients presented with small fiber neuropathy, one presented with axonal polyneuropathy, and one with demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. All patients had in common prominent neuropathic pain, massive weight loss, and multiple nutritional deficiencies. The pathophysiology of postbariatric surgery polyneuropathies is complex and involves nutritional, infectious and dysimmune mechanisms. Conclusion: The spectrum of peripheral neuropathies complicating bariatric surgery is wide, and includes pure small fiber neuropathy, axonal polyneuropathy, and demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Treatment is mainly preventive, but sometimes surgical revision is needed. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.


Smaoui-Damaka W.,University of Sfax | Guebsia F.,University of Sfax | Karraya S.,University of Sfax | Rebaib T.,Laboratoire dHistologie | And 2 more authors.
Invertebrate Reproduction and Development | Year: 2012

In this study, the variations of glycogen concentrations in Ruditapes decussatus from Sfax coasts (Tunisia) were described in relation to the reproductive cycle. Separate analyses were made of gonad, adductor muscle and 'remainder'. The timing of gametogenic development and spawning was evaluated using qualitative histology associated with image analysis including (1) the estimation of the gonadal occupation index (GOI), (2) surface area occupied by reserve tissues and (3) variation in oocyte diameter. The reproductive cycle of R. decussatus exhibited partial asynchronization between sexes, the major difference being observed in the duration of the spawning period. Contrary to previous studies, we observed continuous partial spawning (e.g. 50% of ripe oocytes still subsisted at the partial spawning stage). During the gametogenic cycle, GOI varied significantly in males and in females. Most oocytes were ripe and ready to spawn when their diameter reached or exceeded 45 mm. The expansion of gonad was inversely proportional to the development of the foot tissue. Glycogen concentration showed significant temporal variations between tissues, indicating the clear differentiation in energy storage between the clam organs. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.


Karray S.,University of Sfax | Smaoui-Damak W.,University of Sfax | Rebai T.,Laboratoire Dhistologie | Hamza-Chaffai A.,University of Sfax
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2015

The gametogenic cycle of the Cerastoderma glaucum was analyzed using both qualitative and semi-quantitative methods. The condition index and glycogen concentrations were determined in order to provide information on energy storage. The cockles were collected monthly from a Bayyadha site located 15 km south of Sfax City (Gulf of Gabès) between January 2007 and January 2008. From histological point of view, we applied two approaches: (i) the qualitative method describing the various stages of gamete development for males and females during a cycle of 13 months, and (ii) the semi-quantitative method concerning the estimation of different tissue surfaces. The results showed that there is evidence of three periods of reproduction in this population. A comparison between the surfaces occupied by the three organs showed that the foot and the gonad surfaces are higher than the surface of the adductor muscle. This could suggest that these two organs are more involved in the process of glycogen reserve storage. The results of the glycogen concentrations in the different tissues (gonad, adductor muscle, and “remainders”) show that during the second and third periods of reproduction, glycogen was stored in the adductor muscle and in the remainder during sexual rest, and in the gonad during the gametogenesis phases in order to supply the reproductive effort. On the contrary, in the first period of reproduction, the low concentrations of glycogen recorded in the gonad coincided with its high degree of development. This fact could be related to environmental conditions (low temperature and food) recorded during this period. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | Laboratoire dHistologie and University of Sfax
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Environmental science and pollution research international | Year: 2015

The gametogenic cycle of the Cerastoderma glaucum was analyzed using both qualitative and semi-quantitative methods. The condition index and glycogen concentrations were determined in order to provide information on energy storage. The cockles were collected monthly from a Bayyadha site located 15 km south of Sfax City (Gulf of Gabs) between January 2007 and January 2008. From histological point of view, we applied two approaches: (i) the qualitative method describing the various stages of gamete development for males and females during a cycle of 13 months, and (ii) the semi-quantitative method concerning the estimation of different tissue surfaces. The results showed that there is evidence of three periods of reproduction in this population. A comparison between the surfaces occupied by the three organs showed that the foot and the gonad surfaces are higher than the surface of the adductor muscle. This could suggest that these two organs are more involved in the process of glycogen reserve storage. The results of the glycogen concentrations in the different tissues (gonad, adductor muscle, and remainders) show that during the second and third periods of reproduction, glycogen was stored in the adductor muscle and in the remainder during sexual rest, and in the gonad during the gametogenesis phases in order to supply the reproductive effort. On the contrary, in the first period of reproduction, the low concentrations of glycogen recorded in the gonad coincided with its high degree of development. This fact could be related to environmental conditions (low temperature and food) recorded during this period.


Thompson M.D.,University of Toronto | Nezarati M.M.,Hospital for Sick Children | Nezarati M.M.,North York General Hospital | Gillessen-Kaesbach G.,University of Lübeck | And 11 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2010

Persistent hyperphosphatasia associated with developmental delay and seizures was described in a single family by Mabry et al. [1970] (OMIM 239300), but the nosology of this condition has remained uncertain ever since. We report on five new patients (two siblings, one offspring of consanguineous parents, and two sporadic patients) that help delineate this distinctive disorder and provide evidence in favor of autosomal recessive inheritance. Common to all five new patients is facial dysmorphism, namely hypertelorism, a broad nasal bridge and a tented mouth. All patients have some degree of brachytelephalangy but the phalangeal shortening varies in position and degree. In all, there is a persistent elevation of alkaline phosphatase activity without any evidence for active bone or liver disease. The degree of hyperphosphatasia varies considerably (∼1.3-20 times the upper age-adjusted reference limit) between patients, but is relatively constant over time. In the first family described by Mabry et al. [1970], at least one member was found to have intracellular inclusions on biopsy of some but not all tissues. This was confirmed in three of our patients, but the inclusions are not always observed and the intracellular storage material has not been identified. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.


Conductier G.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Conductier G.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | Brau F.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Brau F.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | And 29 more authors.
Nature Neuroscience | Year: 2013

Ependymal cell cilia help move cerebrospinal fluid through the cerebral ventricles, but the regulation of their beat frequency remains unclear. Using in vitro, high-speed video microscopy and in vivo magnetic resonance imaging in mice, we found that the metabolic peptide melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) positively controlled cilia beat frequency, specifically in the ventral third ventricle, whereas a lack of MCH receptor provoked a ventricular size increase. © 2013 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.


Vialard F.,Laboratoire dHistologie | Molina Gomes D.,Laboratoire dHistologie
Gynecologie Obstetrique Fertilite | Year: 2011

Array-CGH emergence allowed important diagnosis progress, and a better care of patients in postnatal. So, there is a great temptation to use it also in prenatal diagnosis. The point of view objective is to make a rapid overview of cytogenetic diagnosis evolution during the last 50 years, and to show all questions raised by the use of array-CGH, and problems that could arise in prenatal diagnosis. While array-CGH just comes in genetic laboratories, new diagnosis approaches emerged like whole genome sequencing or non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. The 2nd objective will be to review all these techniques for a probably close future. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Vialard F.,Laboratoire dHistologie | Vialard F.,University of Versailles | Bailly M.,University of Versailles | Bouazzi H.,Laboratoire dHistologie | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Andrology | Year: 2012

For nonobstructive azoospermic (NOA) patients with a normal karyotype or for Klinefelter syndrome (47, XXY) patients, intracytoplasmic sperm injection is associated with an increased aneuploidy risk in offspring. We examined testicular cells from patients with different azoospermia etiologies to determine the origin of the aneuploid spermatozoa. The incidence of chromosome abnormalities was investigated in all types of azoospermia. Four study subgroups were constituted: Klinefelter patients (group 1), NOA patients with spermatogenesis failure but a normal karyotype (group 2), obstructive azoospermic patients with normal spermatogenesis (group 3), and control patients with normal sperm (group 4). The pachytene stage (in the three azoospermic groups) and postmeiotic cells (in all groups) were analyzed with fluorescence in situ hybridization. No aneuploid pachytene spermatocytes were observed. Postmeiotic aneuploidy rates were higher in the two groups with spermatogenesis failure (5.3% and 4.0% for groups 1 and 2, respectively) than in patients with normal spermatogenesis (0.6% for group 3 and group 4). Whatever the etiology of the azoospermia, the spermatozoa originated from euploid pachytene spermatocytes. These results strengthen the hypothesis whereby sperm aneuploidy in both Klinefelter patients and NOA patients with a normal karyotype results from meiotic abnormalities and not from aneuploid spermatocytes. The fact that sperm aneuploidy was more frequent when spermatogenesis was altered suggests a deleterious testicular environment. The study results also provide arguments for offering preimplantation genetic diagnosis or prenatal diagnosis when a pregnancy occurs for fathers with NOA (whatever the karyotype). © American Society of Andrology.


Turki S.,Institute Pasteur Of Tunis | Jabloun Z.,Institute Pasteur Of Tunis | Mrabet G.,Institute Pasteur Of Tunis | Marouani A.,Institute Pasteur Of Tunis | And 6 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2010

Interest in extracellular lipase sourced from the non conventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica has increased over the last decade. The enzyme was recently suggested as a good candidate for pancreatic exocrine insufficiency treatment. However, there is still a lack of oral safety evaluation data. In this work, we conducted acute and 28-day repeated dose toxicity studies in rats. Both male and female rats were first orally treated with fungal lipase at either single or repeated doses. The results demonstrated that neither single dose nor chronic administration of lipase was associated with mortality or abnormalities in general conditions, behavior and growth. Except a decrease in urine pH and a dose-unrelated increase of triglycerides observed in males, chronic administration of lipase resulted in similar hematological, blood biochemical and urine parameters to those of untreated animals. Minor histopathological changes were observed in lungs and livers of treated and untreated animals but they were considered of no toxicological significance. This study provides, for the first time, safety data on Yarrowia lipolytica extracellular lipase that support its use as a pharmaceutical. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Laboratoire dHistologie
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of andrology | Year: 2012

For nonobstructive azoospermic (NOA) patients with a normal karyotype or for Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY) patients, intracytoplasmic sperm injection is associated with an increased aneuploidy risk in offspring. We examined testicular cells from patients with different azoospermia etiologies to determine the origin of the aneuploid spermatozoa. The incidence of chromosome abnormalities was investigated in all types of azoospermia. Four study subgroups were constituted: Klinefelter patients (group 1), NOA patients with spermatogenesis failure but a normal karyotype (group 2), obstructive azoospermic patients with normal spermatogenesis (group 3), and control patients with normal sperm (group 4). The pachytene stage (in the three azoospermic groups) and postmeiotic cells (in all groups) were analyzed with fluorescence in situ hybridization. No aneuploid pachytene spermatocytes were observed. Postmeiotic aneuploidy rates were higher in the two groups with spermatogenesis failure (5.3% and 4.0% for groups 1 and 2, respectively) than in patients with normal spermatogenesis (0.6% for group 3 and group 4). Whatever the etiology of the azoospermia, the spermatozoa originated from euploid pachytene spermatocytes. These results strengthen the hypothesis whereby sperm aneuploidy in both Klinefelter patients and NOA patients with a normal karyotype results from meiotic abnormalities and not from aneuploid spermatocytes. The fact that sperm aneuploidy was more frequent when spermatogenesis was altered suggests a deleterious testicular environment. The study results also provide arguments for offering preimplantation genetic diagnosis or prenatal diagnosis when a pregnancy occurs for fathers with NOA (whatever the karyotype).

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