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Solly F.,Laboratoire dhematologie immunologie biologie moleculaire | Solly F.,Laboratoire dHematologie | Angelot F.,Laboratoire dhematologie immunologie biologie moleculaire | Angelot F.,University of Franche Comte | And 19 more authors.
Cytometry Part A | Year: 2012

Minimal residual disease (MRD) has emerged as a major prognostic factor for monitoring patients with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). The quantification of MRD by flow cytometry (FC) is based on the identification of a leukemia-associated phenotype (LAP). Because phenotypic switch is common during treatment, multiple LAPs must be available and used for MRD detection over time. We evaluated the potential usefulness of CD304 as a new marker for monitoring MRD. CD304 was expressed in 48% of B-ALL (24/50) with discriminative fluorescence intensity compared with CD304-negative normal B-cell precursors (n = 15). The sensitivity of CD304-based MRD detection reached 10 -4, as with some of established LAPs. The stability of CD304 expression evaluated during therapy and at relapse confirms the usefulness of this marker for MRD quantification. Finally, CD304 was repeatedly expressed in patients with TEL-AML1 gene rearrangement, which warrants further investigation on its potential relevance as a prognosis marker or therapeutic target. © 2011 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry. Source


Angelot-Delettre F.,Laboratoire dhematologie immunologie biologie moleculaire | Angelot-Delettre F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Angelot-Delettre F.,University of Franche Comte | Biichle S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 23 more authors.
Cytometry Part A | Year: 2012

Diagnosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) or plasmacytoid dendritic cell leukemia (pDCL) is mainly based on immunophenotypical characterization of leukemic cells in blood or bone marrow samples. We tested by flow cytometry intracellular expression of the proto-oncogene T-cell leukemia 1 (TCL1), as well as membrane and intracellular expression of immunoglobulin-like transcript 7 (ILT7) in 21 pDCL samples and 61 non-pDC acute leukemia samples [i.e., 14 B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), 9 T-ALL and 38 acute myeloid leukemia (AML)]. TCL1 is highly expressed in all pDCL samples while at a statistically lower level in all B-ALL and 34% of AML. Statistical analysis shows that intensity of TCL1 expression is a good marker for differential diagnosis of pDCL versus other acute leukemia (area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve, [AUC]: 0.96). By contrast, ILT7 positivity is limited to few pDCL samples and cannot be useful for diagnosis purpose. In conclusion, high intracellular intensity of TCL1 expression is currently the best marker for pDC lineage assignment by flow cytometry, which is particularly useful to distinguish pDCL from CD4+ CD56+/- undifferentiated or monoblastic acute leukemia. Thus, intracellular TCL1 detection should be included in acute leukemia diagnosis panels used in hematology laboratories. © 2012 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry. Source

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