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Menzel Bourguiba, Tunisia

Hannachi N.,Laboratoire Of Microbiologie Immunologie | Ben Fredj N.,Laboratoire Of Microbiologie Immunologie | Ben Fredj N.,University of Monastir | Samoud S.,Laboratoire Of Microbiologie Immunologie | And 7 more authors.
Pathologie Biologie | Year: 2012

Objective: Epidemiology of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) is still unknown in Tunisia. We aimed to assess the prevalence of HHV8 infection in adults and children from Central-East Tunisia and in patients with high risk of parenteral or sexual infection. Methods: We enrolled 553 subjects: 116 blood donors, 100 pregnant women, 100 children, 50 subjects with sexually transmitted infections with positive HIV serology and 50 other without HIV infection, 107 multitransfused patients and 30 kidney transplant patients. Antibodies against HHV8 were tested using a sensitive indirect immunofluorescence assay. Results: The seroprevalence of HHV8 was found to be 13.8% in blood donors, 13% in pregnant women and 12% in children. In healthy adult population, no association was found between HHV8 seropositivity and sex, sociodemographic characteristics, parenteral risk factors or serological markers of hepatitis B. Rates of HHV8 infection were significantly higher in patients having high-risk sexual behavior with or without HIV infection (P<10-4), in polytransfused patients (P<10-4) and in patients with kidney transplantation (P=0.001). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that HHV8 infection is widespread in Central-East Tunisia such as in the Mediterranean area. HHV8 infection appears to be acquired early in life, probably through saliva. HHV8 transmission by blood transfusion, subject of controversy in literature, is well established in our study. Early screening of this infection should be considered in populations with high risk of Kaposi's sarcoma in our areas. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

Hannachi N.,Laboratoire Of Microbiologie Immunologie | Boughammoura L.,Service de pediatrie | Marzouk M.,Laboratoire Of Microbiologie Immunologie | Tfifha M.,Laboratoire Of Microbiologie Immunologie | And 4 more authors.
Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique | Year: 2011

The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of seven transfusion-transmitted viruses in polytransfused adults and children comparatively with a group of healthy control subjects. We studied 107 polytransfused patients (59 adults and 48 children) and 160 control subjects (100 blood donors and 60 children). Immunoenzymatic tests were used for detection of HBs antigen (HBs Ag), antibodies against hepatitis C Virus (anti-HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (anti-HIV), and IgG antibodies against human cytomegalovirus (IgG anti-CMV), human parvovirus B19 (IgG anti-PB19), and hepatitis E virus (IgG anti-HEV). An immunofluorescent assay was performed for the detection of human herpesvirus 8 antibodies (anti-HHV8). Prevalence of HBs Ag, anti-HCV, anti-HIV, IgG anti-CMV, IgG anti-PB19, IgG anti-HEV, and anti-HHV8 in polytransfused group was 8.4, 4.7, 0, 86.9, 60.7, 28.9, and 47.6%, respectively, and 1.8, 0.6, 0, 86.2, 53.1, 10, and 12.5%, respectively, in the control group. The difference in prevalence between the two groups was statistically significant for HBs Ag (P = 0.01), anti-HCV (P= 0.03), IgG anti-HEV (P < 10-4), and IgG anti-HHV8 (P < 10 -4). Categorization according to age showed that hepatitis B and C risk was limited in adult polytransfused group. HHV8 infection was higher in polytransfused subjects born before the use of leucocyte-depleted blood components. Our results corroborate literature data on the risk of HEV and HHV8 infection by blood transfusion. Hepatitis B vaccination and improvement in screening tests have an important role in reduction of hepatitis B and C risk in transfusion, especially in young polytransfused persons. However, a residual risk of transmitting viral infections persists, and efforts are needed to improve transfusion safety. © Société de pathologie exotique et Springer-Verlag France 2011. Source

Hadhri S.,Laboratoire dhematologie et banque du sang | Rejab M.B.,Laboratoire dHygiene Hospitaliere CHU Sahloul | Guedria H.,Laboratoire dhematologie et banque du sang | Ifa L.,Laboratoire dhematologie et banque du sang | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis | Year: 2012

Specific genetic conditions are known to be associated with high risk of venous thromboembolism. This genetic basis varies widely between ethnic groups. We investigated the distribution of four inherited polymorphisms in 113 unselected Tunisian blood donors by using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. The allele frequencies of Factor V Leiden (FVL), prothrombin 20210G>A, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T, and MTHFR 1298A>C mutations were 3, 0.9, 30, and 31%, respectively. The MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism was influenced by age. Twenty-nine of the 113 blood donors demonstrated more than one genetic markers. Hyperhomocysteinemia was found in 12 subjects, and it was statistically associated to the MTHFR 677TT genotype. Principal component analysis allowed disclosing the resemblance between Mediterranean populations. Our findings may be helpful for population genetics study, and provide epidemiologic database for further studies in thrombosis field among Tunisians. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Chouchene S.,Laboratoire dhematologie et banque du sang | Chouchene S.,University of Monastir | Abderrazak F.,Laboratoire dhematologie et banque du sang | Abderrazak F.,University of Monastir | And 5 more authors.
Hematologie | Year: 2014

Chediak-Higashi syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a partial oculocutaneous albinism, variable cellular immundeficiency and hemophagocytic syndrome lethal in the absence of bone marrow transplantation. In this paper, we report the case of a child who presents this rare disease associated with a macrophage activation syndrome and we also under take a literature review. The study of this potentially life-threatening disease at an early age helped to know it better. However, other studies seem to be necessary to search for a more effective management of the patients. Source

Sassi M.,University of Monastir | Dibej W.,University of Monastir | Abdi B.,University of Monastir | Abderrazak F.,University of Monastir | And 4 more authors.
Pathologie Biologie | Year: 2015

Thrombocytopenia is a current situation for making a blood smear in routine practice in a medical analysis laboratory. Recent automated hematology analyzers enumerate platelets and generate histograms and specific flags. Operators must be aware of the characteristics of their analyzer in order to avoid spurious results in the case where microscopy review is not possible. Objective: We evaluated the diagnostic performance of various graphical anomalies in the detection of large platelets and platelet clumps. Patients and methods: Three hundred cases of thrombocytopenia were included in the study on the basis of a platelet count less than 150×109/L. This evaluation is expressed by the results of the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value compared to the microscopic review of blood smear. Results: Graphical performances are variable according to microscopic review of blood smears. Indeed, a not fitted curve is the most sensitive change on platelet histogram to the presence of large platelet. A high specificity to the presence of platelet clumps is announced when the platelet curve fails to return to the baseline. Moreover, characteristic findings on the DIFF scattergram are very specific to the presence of platelet clumps. Conclusion: A normal platelet histogram can validate with great confidence thrombocytopenia in cases where a blood smear cannot be read immediately. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

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