Dufour A.,Laboratoire detudes rurales |
Giraud C.,University of Paris Descartes
Productions Animales | Year: 2012
In this article the aspect of couples working together in agriculture was studied. Two complementary approaches were used in the analysis: one based on agricultural census data and one qualitative study of women working on dairy farms in the Segala region (south- west of France). In the first part, a general overview is given of the different types of work groups and changes undergone according to their production orientations. The first characteristic to be taken into account was if the farm is run by a couple (the socalled family farm) or by another kind of organization or partnership. The sector of dairy farming and cattle breeding remains a professional circle where couples are the most frequent working units and where the wife's commitment is especially important. According to surveys, three types of participation within the farm have become apparent: wives who work with their husbands upon marriage, or after gaining experience elsewhere or on their parents' farms. In the first type of participation, there is no clearly defined role of the wive's work on the farm, in the second one, wives work independently by managing farm activity and in the third type wives take full charge of production on the farm. Women with a higher level of education and who have work experience outside of the farm are able to question the division of tasks according to gender and to construct their own work roles within the man-wife partnership. This leads us to consider the new role of individuals, women notably, on farm units.
Petit S.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research |
Mougenot C.,University of Liege |
Fleury P.,Laboratoire detudes rurales
Journal of Rural Studies | Year: 2011
This article deals with a group of researchers involved in Participatory Action Research projects on biodiversity and who volunteered to take part in a "storytelling" experiment. Their "stories" were used to describe this new type of research collective comprising various partners, including researchers and managers, focused on obtaining directly useable results. These relatively unstructured groups constitute a forum for debate where scientific knowledge is combined with management know-how to produce tools for use outside the collective. The originality of this work lies in the fact that the descriptions of these collectives cannot be separated from the method used to produce those descriptions. The scientific community is not in the habit of expressing itself via stories. Stories are a flexible and open-ended means of instilling order in a changing world and their "capabilities" are in themselves an interesting result. In our opinion, the action-research collectives described and the stories produced are homologous. At the end of this experiment, we perceived the collectives and stories, in metaphorical terms, as archipelagos of relationships and meaning. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Vandenbroucke P.,Laboratoire detudes rurales
Bulletin d'Association de Geographes Francais | Year: 2015
Marked by a history of deterritorialization and reterritorialization, family farms have been successively qualified as sectorial, productivist and then multifunctional, embedded in their territories or post-productivist. In order to understand the genesis of this model of "territorialized farm ", this paper proposes a geo-historical review of political and scientific debates on family farm over the last 50 years. Family farms thus appear as social entities redefined by the successive agricultural and rural development approaches. This analysis highlights the role of scientists in legitimating and defending the different models. While the analytical framework of farm systems is continuing to expand, such multiple and competing reclassifications could lead to confuse the actual object on the one hand and the sociopolitical project on the other. This tends to conceal life, professional and inheritance choices of the farmer and his family which are however at the center of the rationale governing family farm.
Praly C.,University of Lyon |
Chazoule C.,Laboratoire detudes rurales |
Delfosse C.,University of Lyon |
Mundler P.,Laval University
Geographie Economie Societe | Year: 2014
The localization of food supply chains represents various realities, old and most innovative, named in several ways: short food supply chains, local food, etc. The purpose of this paper is to propose a theoretical framework enabled to all marketing channels relative to the localization phenomenon. From a literature review of the existing concepts and the economy of proximity applied to local food supply chains, we build the concept of proximity supply chains (I). It is then tested in three case studies representing a variety of marketing channels and products (II). The main findings of case studies demonstrate the value of the concept of proximity supply chains: on the one hand, it includes marketing channels that exceed the definition of short supply chains but which are a way to localize the food supply chains, and on the other hand, it highlights the role of intermediaries in this localization. © 2014 Lavoisier, Paris. Tous droits réservés.
Vincent A.,Laboratoire detudes rurales |
Fleury P.,Laboratoire detudes rurales
Land Use Policy | Year: 2015
French public action privileges organic farming in areas with water quality problems as a way to prevent diffuse agricultural pollution. This article compares four projects connecting organic farming incentives with water quality protection. It aims at elucidating how concerned actors compromise with and implement public policy in locally specific ways. Our results show that these projects may come from two logics of public action. The first, supported by water-related actors, aims to improve drinking water quality and is focused on water catchments. The second is backed primarily by actors in agriculture and focuses on re-enforcing actions for the development of organic agriculture, carried out on a larger territorial scale. Actor networks involved in the projects differ according to local contexts, project backers, and objectives. They become more complex over time, leading actors for water, organic agricultural development, and economic production chains to work together. Actors' visions and referentials change, influencing the projects' initial objectives. The conclusion discusses such projects' relevance and limits. © 2014.