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Court M.,DECanBio consortium | Court M.,Laboratoire Detude Of La Dynamique Des Proteomes | Court M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Court M.,Joseph Fourier University | And 17 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2011

Urine is an easily accessible bodily fluid particularly suited for the routine clinical analysis of disease biomarkers. Actually, the urinary proteome is more diverse than anticipated a decade ago. Hence, significant analytical and practical issues of urine proteomics such as sample collection and preparation have emerged, in particular for large-scale studies. We have undertaken a systematic study to define standardized and integrated analytical protocols for a biomarker development pipeline, employing two LC-MS analytical platforms, namely accurate mass and time tags and selected reaction monitoring, for the discovery and verification phase, respectively. Urine samples collected from hospital patients were processed using four different protocols, which were evaluated and compared on both analytical platforms. Addition of internal standards at various stages of sample processing allowed the estimation of protein extraction yields and the absolute quantification of selected urinary proteins. Reproducibility of the entire process and dynamic range of quantification were also evaluated. Organic solvent precipitation followed by in-solution digestion provided the best performances and was thus selected as the standard method common to the discovery and verification phases. Finally, we applied this protocol for platforms' cross-validation and obtained excellent consistency between urinary protein concentration estimates by both analytical methods performed in parallel in two laboratories. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Lebert D.,Laboratoire Detude Of La Dynamique Des Proteomes | Lebert D.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Lebert D.,Joseph Fourier University | Dupuis A.,Laboratoire Detude Of La Dynamique Des Proteomes | And 11 more authors.
Methods in Molecular Biology | Year: 2011

In the field of analytical chemistry, stable isotope dilution assays are extensively used in combination with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) to provide confident quantification results. Over the last decade, the principle of isotope dilution has been adopted by the proteomic community in order to accurately quantify proteins in biological samples. In these experiments, a protein's concentration is deduced from the ratio between the MS signal of a tryptic peptide and that of a stable isotope-labeled analog, which serves as an internal standard. The first isotope dilution standards introduced in proteomics were chemically synthesized peptides incorporating a stable isotope-tagged amino acid. These isotopically labeled peptide standards, which are currently widely used, are generally added to samples after protein isolation and digestion. Thus, if protein enrichment is necessary, they do not allow correction for protein losses that may occur during sample pre-fractionation, nor do they allow the tryptic digestion yield to be taken into account. To reduce these limitations we have developed the PSAQ (Protein Standard Absolute Quantification) strategy using full-length stable isotope-labeled proteins as quantification standards. These standards and the target proteins share identical biochemical properties. This allows standards to be spiked into samples at an early stage of the analytical process. Thanks to this possibility, the PSAQ method provides highly accurate quantification results, including for samples requiring extensive biochemical prefractionation. In this chapter, we describe the production of full-length stable isotope-labeled proteins (PSAQ standards) using cell-free expression devices. The purification and quality control of protein standards, crucial for good-quality and accurate measurements, are also detailed. Finally, application of the PSAQ method to a typical protein quantification assay is presented. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.

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