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Jrad-Battikh N.,Laboratoire des Maladies Transmissibles et Substances Biologiquement Actives LR 99 ES 27 | Souii A.,Laboratoire des Maladies Transmissibles et Substances Biologiquement Actives LR 99 ES 27 | Hadhri R.,Laboratoire dAnatomie Pathologie | Aouni M.,Laboratoire des Maladies Transmissibles et Substances Biologiquement Actives LR 99 ES 27 | And 4 more authors.
Biologia (Poland) | Year: 2014

We have previously addressed the question of whether the attenuating mutations of domain V of the Poliovirus IRES were specific for a given genomic context or whether they could be extrapolated to a genomic related virus, the Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3). Accordingly, we have described that Sabin3-like mutation (U473→C) introduced in the CVB3 genome led to a defective mutant with a serious reduction in translation efficiency. In this study, we assessed the protection provided by the Sabin3-like mutant against CVB3 infection. For this purpose, we analyzed, in vivo, the Sabin3-like phenotype in Swiss mice inoculated with CVB3 and CVB4 E2 prototype strains either by oral or intraperitoneal (i.p) routes and explored the capacity of this mutant to act as a vaccine vector after the challenge. The Sabin3-like RNA was detected by semi-nested PCR in different organs: heart, pancreas and intestine at 10 days post-inoculation with both oral and i.p routes. Additionally, we did not observe any histological alterations in heart and intestine tissues. RNA was detected in the different organs of all mice immunized with the Sabin3-like strain and challenged with either CVB3 or CVB4 E2 by oral route at 7 days post-challenge. In contrast, no histological alteration of heart or pancreas tissues was observed after challenge with both wild-strains. Interestingly, the detection of viral RNA in heart, pancreas and intestine of mice immunized by i.p route was negative at 7 days post-challenge with CVB3 and CVB4 E2, and mice were protected from myocarditis and pancreatitis. © 2013 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien. Source

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