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Landolsi H.,Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques | Landolsi H.,University of Sousse | Landolsi H.,Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques Chu | Rittore C.,Laboratoire Of Genetique | And 7 more authors.
Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2012

Context.-Hydatidiform mole, an aberrant human pregnancy, is commonly a nonrecurrent disease. Recently, a rare autosomal recessive form of familial and/or recurrent molar pregnancieswas associated with mutations in the NLRP7 gene. Objective.-To investigate whether NLRP7 mutations exist in Tunisian women with sporadic hydatidiform moles. Design.-Genomic DNA from 38 unrelated Tunisian patients with sporadic hydatidiform moles were screened by sequencing all NLRP7 exons. A high-resolution melting curve analysis was performed on 170 DNA controls to analyze new sequence variants. Results.-More than 13% of these patients were heterozygous for NLRP7 mutations. We found 2 novel missense mutations in the heterozygous state, c.544G A (p. Val182Met) in 1 patient and c.1480G>A (p.Ala494Thr) in 2 patients, and 2 already reported mutations, c.1532A>G (p.Lys511Arg) and c.2156C > T (p.Ala719Val), in 2 patients. None of these mutations were identified in 170 controls except for 1 woman who was heterozygous for p.Val182Met. Conclusion.-As homozygous NLRP7 mutations are associated with recurrent hydatidiform mole or conception loss, the heterozygous state could represent a risk factor for nonrecurrent mole. Source

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