Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques

Sfax, Tunisia

Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques

Sfax, Tunisia
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Otranto D.,University of Bari | Dantas-Torres F.,University of Bari | Cebeci Z.,Istanbul University | Yeniad B.,Istanbul University | And 6 more authors.
Parasites and Vectors | Year: 2012

Background: Among ocular vector-borne pathogens, Onchocerca volvulus, the agent of the so-called river blindness, affects about 37 million people globally. Other Onchocerca spp. have been sporadically reported as zoonotic agents. Cases of canine onchocerciasis caused by Onchocerca lupi are on the rise in the United States and Europe. Its zoonotic role has been suspected but only recently ascertained in a single case from Turkey. The present study provides further evidence on the occurrence of O. lupi infesting human eyes in two patients from Turkey (case 1) and Tunisia (case 2). The importance of obtaining a correct sample collection and preparation of nematodes infesting human eyes is highlighted. Methods. In both cases the parasites were identified with morpho-anatomical characters at the gross examination, histological analysis and anatomical description and also molecularly in case 1. Results: The nematode from the first case was obviously O. lupi based on their morphology at the gross examination, histological analysis and anatomical description. In the second case, although the diagnostic cuticular characters were not completely developed, other features were congruent with the identification of O. lupi. Furthermore, the morphological identification was also molecularly confirmed in the Turkish case. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that O. lupi infestation is not an occasional finding but it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of other zoonotic helminths causing eye infestation in humans (e.g., D. immitis and Dirofilaria repens). Both cases came from areas where no cases of canine onchocerciasis were previously reported in the literature, suggesting that an in depth appraisal of the infestation in canine populations is necessary. Physicians and ophthalmologists are advised on how to preserve nematode samples recovered surgically, to allow a definitive, correct etiological diagnosis. © 2012 Dantas-Torres et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

PubMed | Clinique Claude Bernard, Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques Des Feuillants, University Paul Sabatier, Reseau de cancerologie de Midi Pyrenees ONCOMIP and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bulletin du cancer | Year: 2015

Pathologists commonly face breast lesions that are difficult to diagnose. To reduce second opinion delay, erase geographical barrier and provide continuing education, we aimed to develop a telepathology-based regional network of pathologists. With the support of ONCOMIP network, we founded a peer-group named SENOPATH, composed of experienced breast pathologists practising in private laboratories, university hospitals or comprehensive cancer center in the region of Midi-Pyrnes in France. Submitted cases are digitalized at the University Hospital, stored in a shared space with a possible access via Internet prior to the SENOPATH sessions. The group meets monthly, via a synchronized webinar and multihead microscope session. A consensual diagnosis and final pathology report is issued for each case, and sent to the referring clinician via the patient medical file securely hosted by ONCOMIP. Between 2012 and 2014, 142 cases were reviewed, for either diagnostic routine difficulty or rare histological type. The SENOPATH group, also regularly called by oncologists to solve difficult cases, has considerably improved the pathologist network in Southern France. Supported by the webinar tool, its educational impact is prominent, with a considerable progress in the region with regards to standardization of pathology processes, literature review and knowledge sharing.

PubMed | Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques, Hopital Henri Mondor, Service dAnatomie pathologique, Service dAnatomie et de cytologie pathologiques and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV | Year: 2015

Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC), syringomatous carcinoma (SC) and Squamoid eccrine ductal carcinoma (SEDC) are rare sclerosing adnexal tumours.To understand the histogenesis of these tumours and possible clinical implications.We conducted a retrospective study of 30 cases, 18 MAC, 5 SC and 7 SEDC reviewed and classified by a panel of dermatopathology experts, with immunohistochemical analysis of keratins, including K77, a new keratin specific of eccrine ducts, and PHLDA1 expressed in adnexal structures.There was a strong female predominance, with only five cases occurring in men. Patients with MAC and SC were younger (mean age 56 and 47years) than those with SEDC (mean age 81years). The most common localization was the cheek in SC and SEDC and the periocular area in MAC. Two cases of SEDC were found in organ transplant patients. No recurrence or metastases were observed after complete surgery of MAC, or SC (mean follow-up 7.2years and 4.7years), whereas one case of SEDC recurred and another could not be fully excised. MAC and SC had similar histological features, except for cysts. In MAC, calcifications, granulomas, connection to follicles, keratin expression pattern, PHLDA1 positivity and K77 negativity indicated a follicular histogenesis, whereas in SC, K77 positivity and keratin expression pattern were consistent with a differentiation towards eccrine apparatus. SEDC was composed of strands centred by ducts and nests with squamous differentiation and displayed K77 ductal positivity in all cases, a finding consistent with an eccrine origin.Our study demonstrated that MAC and SC have similar clinical characteristics, although histogenesis differs and show arguments for the individualization of SEDC.

Barbarin A.,University of Poitiers | Seite P.,University of Poitiers | Godet J.,Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques | Bensalma S.,University of Poitiers | And 2 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2014

An increasing number of G protein-coupled receptors, like receptors for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), are found in cell nucleus. As VIP receptors are involved in the regulation of glioma cell proliferation and migration, we investigated the expression and the nuclear localization of the VIP receptors VPAC1 and VPAC2 in this cancer. First, by applying Western blot and immunofluorescence detection in three human glioblastoma (GBM) cell lines, we observed a strong nuclear staining for the VPAC1 receptor and a weak nuclear VPAC2 receptor staining. Second, immunohistochemical staining of VPAC1 and VPAC2 on tissue microarrays (TMA) showed that the two receptors were expressed in normal brain and glioma tissues. Expression in the non-nuclear compartment of the two receptors significantly increased with the grade of the tumors. Analysis of nuclear staining revealed a significant increase of VPAC1 staining with glioma grade, with up to 50% of GBM displaying strong VPAC1 nuclear staining, whereas nuclear VPAC2 staining remained marginal. The increase in VPAC receptor expression with glioma grades and the enhanced nuclear localization of the VPAC1 receptors in GBM might be of importance for glioma progression. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Arafah K.,Lille University of Science and Technology | Longuespee R.,Lille University of Science and Technology | Desmons A.,Lille University of Science and Technology | Kerdraon O.,Lille University of Science and Technology | And 3 more authors.
OMICS A Journal of Integrative Biology | Year: 2014

Lipid-based biomarkers for research and diagnosis are rapidly emerging to unpack the basis of person-to-person and population variations in disease susceptibility, drug and nutritional responses, to name but a few. Hence, with the advent of MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging, lipids have begun to be investigated intensively. However, lipids are highly mobile during tissue preparation, and are soluble in the solvent used for matrix preparation or in the fixing fluid such as formalin, resulting in substantial delocalization. In the present article, we investigated as another alternative, the possibility of using specific dyes that can absorb UV wavelengths, in order to desorb the lipids specifically from tissue sections, and are known to immobilize them in tissues. Indeed, after lipid insolubilization with chromate solution or chemical fixation with osmium tetroxide, heterocyclic-based dyes can be directly used without matrix. Taking into account the fact that some dyes have this matrix-free capability, we identified particular dyes dedicated to histological staining of lipids that could be used with MALDI mass spectrometry imaging. We stained tissue sections with either Sudan Black B, Nile Blue A, or Oil Red O. An important advantage of this assay relies on its compatibility with usual practices of histopathological investigation of lipids. As a new method, DALDI stands for Dye-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization and allows for future clinical and histopathological applications using routine histological protocols. Additionally, this novel methodology was validated in human ovarian cancer biopsies to demonstrate its use as a suitable procedure, for histological diagnosis in lipidomics field. © 2014 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

PubMed | Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques, Service de medecine nucleaire and Service ORL
Type: Journal Article | Journal: La Revue de medecine interne | Year: 2016

Parathyromatosis is a rare cause of recurrent hyperparathyroidism. It results from hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue scattered throughout the thyroid bed region.A 51-year-old man with a history of parathyroidectomy, presented 18years later with recurrent primary hyperparathyroidism. Surgical exploration identified a single parathyroid gland. The act was completed by a central compartment dissection and ipsilateral lobectomy. The patient was free of recurrence after a one-year follow-up.Parathyromatosis a rare cause of recurrent hyperparathyroidism. Its management is challenging. Extensive surgery is required with clearance of the central neck compartment and homolateral lobectomy. Medical therapy could be used to decrease parathormone level in recurrent parathyromatosis.

PubMed | Center Hospitalier Of La Rochelle, Service dHepato Gastro enterologie, CRIC U73, Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques and Service de Radiologie
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Clinics and research in hepatology and gastroenterology | Year: 2016

Mntriers disease is a rare hypertrophic gastropathy, causing protein leak. An overexpression of transforming growth factor alpha is involved. In inhibiting the epidermal growth factor receptor, cetuximab and somatostatin analogues are the two most promising treatments, allowing to avoid radical gastrectomy. We report the case of a patient with a sustained clinical remission after treatment with lanreotide, but without complete endoscopic healing. We discuss the available therapeutic options and present a literature review of somatostatin analogues for the treatment of Mntriers disease.

PubMed | Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques, Service de dermatologie and University of Sousse
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annales de dermatologie et de venereologie | Year: 2016

Bowel-associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome (BADAS) is characterized by combined pustular skin eruption and arthralgia. It may be associated with inflammatory bowel disease or bowel bypass surgery. We report a case of BADAS in a patient with ulcerative colitis.A 39-year-old woman was being treated for a severe flare-up of ulcerative colitis present over the preceding 2 months and treated with prednisone, azathioprine and cyclosporine. She was also presenting a cutaneous eruption and arthralgia that had begun three days earlier. Dermatological examination revealed profuse vesicular and pustular lesions. Biopsy specimens showed mature neutrophilic infiltrate within the dermis. A diagnosis of BADAS was made and the same treatment was maintained. Systemic symptoms were resolved but the vesicular lesions were superseded by hypertrophic scars.Bowel-associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome consists of a vesiculopustular eruption associated with arthralgia and/or arthritis and fever, as was the case in our patient. The histological picture is characterized by abundant neutrophilic infiltrate in the superficial dermis. The clinical and histological features and the course of BADAS allow this entity to be classified within the spectrum of neutrophilic dermatoses. Treatment chiefly involves systemic corticosteroids.

PubMed | Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annales de pathologie | Year: 2016

Tubulo-papillary apocrine adenoma (TAA) is a very rare sweat gland tumor. TAA in association with syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCP) is exceptional. A 2-year-old Tunisian child developed a mixed tumor on the scalp: TAA in association with SCP. Histologically, the tumor consisted of dilated duct-like areas with some apocrine gland-like areas. The superficial part of the tumor was connected to the epidermis and showed the characteristics of SCP. The characteristics and differences in histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings in this mixed tumor are described.

PubMed | Service dAnatomie et de Cytologie Pathologiques, VetAgro Sup, Center Hospitalier Of Castres Mazamet, Laboratoire Danatomie Et Of Cytologie Pathologiques and Institute Recursos Naturales y Agrobiologia
Type: Journal Article | Journal: mSphere | Year: 2016

Bacterial mycetoma is a neglected disease mainly observed in tropical area countries and typically associated with rural conditions, making its presence in developed countries of temperate climate areas rare. However, we report the first case of an autochthonous mycetoma case in continental France that originated from a new

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