Laboratoire Cerba

Cergy-Pontoise, France

Laboratoire Cerba

Cergy-Pontoise, France
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Pohl O.,PregLem S.A. | Williams A.R.W.,University of Edinburgh | Bergeron C.,Laboratoire Cerba | Gotteland J.-P.,PregLem S.A.
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology | Year: 2013

Ulipristal acetate (UPA) is a novel Progesterone Receptor Modulator (PRM) and registered for the pre-operative treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids during 3. months. In a study which assessed the potential toxicity of UPA in female cynomolgus monkeys following daily oral administration of 1, 5, or 25. mg/kg for 39. weeks, UPA was well tolerated with dose-dependent macroscopic and microscopic observations limited to the uterus and oviducts. These findings were considered to be related to the pharmacological action of UPA and showed evidence of partial reversibility. Findings in the endometrium were similar to PRM-associated-endometrial-changes (PAEC) described in PRM-treated women. No adverse effects were found that would raise concerns about potential pre-malignancy. Although the translation of these findings to human is limited by the small study size and species differences, these results from animals chronically exposed to up to 150. times the clinical UPA exposure are considered significant and supportive to the chronic administration of UPA for more than 3. months in women of reproductive age. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Ikenberg H.,Cytomol | Bergeron C.,Laboratoire Cerba | Schmidt D.,Institute for Pathology | Griesser H.,Cytodiagnostics | And 13 more authors.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute | Year: 2013

Background: Pap cytology is known to be more specific but less sensitive than testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) for the detection of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+). We assessed whether p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology, a biomarker combination indicative of transforming HPV infections, can provide high sensitivity for CIN2+ in screening while maintaining high specificity. Results were compared with Pap cytology and HPV testing. Methods: A total of 27349 women 18 years or older attending routine cervical cancer screening were prospectively enrolled in five European countries. Pap cytology, p16/Ki-67 immunostaining, and HPV testing were performed on all women. Positive test results triggered colposcopy referral, except for women younger than 30 years with only positive HPV test results. Presence of CIN2+ on adjudicated histology was used as the reference standard. Two-sided bias-corrected McNemar P values were determined. Results: The p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology positivity rates were comparable with the prevalence of abnormal Pap cytology results and less than 50% of the positivity rates observed for HPV testing. In women of all ages, dual-stained cytology was more sensitive than Pap cytology (86.7% vs 68.5%; P <. 001) for detecting CIN2+, with comparable specificity (95.2% vs 95.4%; P =. 15). The relative performance of the tests was similar in both groups of women: younger than age 30 and 30 years or older. HPV testing in women 30 years or older was more sensitive than dual-stained cytology (93.3% vs 84.7%; P =. 03) but less specific (93.0% vs 96.2%; P <. 001). Conclusions: The p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology combines superior sensitivity and noninferior specificity over Pap cytology for detecting CIN2+. It suggests a potential role of dual-stained cytology in screening, especially in younger women where HPV testing has its limitations. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press.

Costa J.-M.,Groupe Hospitalier Chenevier Mondor | Costa J.-M.,Laboratoire Cerba | Bretagne S.,Groupe Hospitalier Chenevier Mondor | Bretagne S.,University Paris Est Creteil
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2012

Using the multicopy B1 gene and AF146527 element for the amplification of Toxoplasma gondii DNA raises the issue of reliable quantification for clinical diagnosis. We applied relative quantification to reference strains using the single-copy P30 gene as a reference. According to the parasite type, the copy numbers for the B1 gene and AF146527 element were found to be 5 to 12 and 4 to 8 times lower than the previous estimations of 35 and 230 copies, respectively. Copyright © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Schmidt D.,Institute of Pathology | Bergeron C.,Laboratoire Cerba | Denton K.J.,North Bristol NHS Trust | Ridder R.,MTM Laboratories
Cancer Cytopathology | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyze the diagnostic performance of a newly established immunocytochemical dual-stain protocol, which simultaneously detects p16INK4a and Ki-67 expression in cervical cytology samples, for identifying high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+) in women with Papanicolaou (Pap) cytology results categorized as atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL). METHODS: Residual liquidbased cytology material from 776 retrospectively collected ASCUS/LSIL cases that were available from a recent study evaluating p16 cytology and HPV testing were subjected to p16/Ki-67 dual staining. The presence of 1 or more double-immunoreactive cell(s) was regarded as a positive test outcome, irrespective of morphology. Test results were correlated to histology follow-up. RESULTS: Sensitivity of p16/Ki-67 dualstain cytology for biopsy-confirmed CIN2+ was 92.2% (ASCUS) and 94.2% (LSIL), while specificity rates were 80.6% (ASCUS) and 68.0% (LSIL), respectively. Similar sensitivity/specificity profiles were found for both age groups of women aged <30 years versus women aged ≥30 years. Dual-stain cytology showed comparable sensitivity, but significantly higher specificity, when compared with human papillomavirus (HPV) testing. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that p16/Ki-67 dual-stain cytology provided a high sensitivity for the detection of underlying CIN2+ in women with ASCUS or LSIL Pap cytology results, comparable to the rates previously reported for HPV testing and p16 single-stain cytology. However, the specificity of this morphology-independent interpretation of p16/Ki-67 dual-stain cytology testing was further improved compared with the earlier p16 single-stain cytology approach, which required morphology interpretation, and it is significantly higher when compared with HPV testing. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol) 2011;119:158-66. © 2011 American Cancer Society.

Roelens J.,Scientific Institute of Public Health | Reuschenbach M.,University of Heidelberg | Reuschenbach M.,German Cancer Research Center | Von Knebel Doeberitz M.,University of Heidelberg | And 4 more authors.
Cancer Cytopathology | Year: 2012

The best method for identifying women who have minor cervical lesions that require diagnostic workup remains unclear. The authors of this report performed a meta-analysis to assess the accuracy of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (p16INK4a) immunocytochemistry compared with high-risk human papillomavirus DNA testing with Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) to detect grade 2 or greater cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+) and CIN3+ among women who had cervical cytology indicating atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) or low-grade cervical lesions (LSIL). A literature search was performed in 3 electronic databases to identify studies that were eligible for this meta-analysis. Seventeen studies were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity of p16INK4a to detect CIN2+ was 83.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 76.8%-88.2%) and 83.8% (95% CI, 73.5%-90.6%) in ASC-US and LSIL cervical cytology, respectively, and the pooled specificities were 71% (95% CI, 65%-76.4%) and 65.7% (95% CI, 54.2%-75.6%), respectively. Eight studies provided both HC2 and p16INK4a triage data. p16 INK4a and HC2 had similar sensitivity, and p16INK4a has significantly higher specificity in the triage of women with ASC-US (relative sensitivity, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.89-1.01]; relative specificity, 1.82 [95% CI, 1.57-2.12]). In the triage of LSIL, p16INK4a had significantly lower sensitivity but higher specificity compared with HC2 (relative sensitivity, 0.87 [95% CI, 0.81-0.94]; relative specificity, 2.74 [95% CI, 1.99-3.76]). The published literature indicated the improved accuracy of p16INK4a compared with HC2 testing in the triage of women with ASC-US. In LSIL triage, p16INK4a was more specific but less sensitive. (See related Commentary on pages OO-OO, this issue.). © 2012 American Cancer Society.

Denton K.J.,North Bristol NHS Trust | Bergeron C.,Laboratoire Cerba | Klement P.,MTM Laboratories | Trunk M.J.,MTM Laboratories | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology | Year: 2010

We analyzed the performance of p16INK4a immunocytochemistry on a series of 810 retrospectively collected atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) cases with available biopsy follow-up data, including 94 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and 128 cases of CIN 3. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing was performed from the same residual liquid-based cytologic specimen, and results for both tests were correlated with histologic follow-up data. Sensitivity values for high-grade CIN (HGCIN) confirmed on biopsy within 6 months were 92.6% (ASC-US) and 92.2% (LSIL) for cytotechnologists' reviews of p16 cytology and 90.1% (ASC-US) and 95.7% (LSIL) for HPV testing. Sensitivity rates of initial pathologists' reviews were slightly lower, 76.4% to 80.1%, with levels comparable to cytotechnologists' results after adjudication. The specificity of p16 cytology for HGCIN detection was significantly higher than for HPV testing for cytotechnologists and pathologists: 63.2% to 71.1% (p16 cytology) vs 37.8% for HPV in ASC-US (P < .001) and 37.3% to 53.3% (p16 cytology) vs 18.5% for HPV in LSIL (P < .001). This evaluation of the diagnostic performance of p16 cytology confirms the potential of this stain for the efficient triage of ASC-US and LSIL cytologic results. © American Society for Clinical Pathology.

Von Knebel Doeberitz M.,University of Heidelberg | Reuschenbach M.,University of Heidelberg | Schmidt D.,Institute of Pathology Mannheim | Bergeron C.,Laboratoire Cerba
Expert Review of Proteomics | Year: 2012

Biomarkers indicating the initiation of neoplastic transformation processes in human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected epithelial cells are moving into the focus of cancer prevention research, particularly for anogenital cancer, including cancer of the uterine cervix. Based on the in-depth understanding of the molecular events leading to neoplastic transformation of HPV-infected human cells, the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16 INK4a turned out to be substantially overexpressed in virtually all HPV-transformed cells. This finding opened novel avenues in diagnostic histopathology to substantially improve the diagnostic accuracy of cervical cancer and its precursor lesions. Furthermore, it provides a novel technical platform to substantially improve the accuracy of cytology-based cancer early-detection programs. Here, we review the molecular background and the current evidence for the clinical utility of the p16 INK4a biomarker for HPV-related cancers, and cervical cancer prevention in particular. © 2012 Expert Reviews Ltd.

Bergeron C.,Laboratoire Cerba | Ordi J.,Clinic Hospital Universitari | Schmidt D.,Institute of Pathology | Trunk M.J.,MTM Laboratories | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology | Year: 2010

The histopathologic interpretation of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is subject to a high level of interobserver variability and a substantial number of false-positive and false-negative results. We assessed the impact of the conjunctive interpretation of p16INK4a-immunostained slides on the accuracy of community-based pathologists in diagnosing high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN; CIN 2 and CIN 3) in biopsy specimens. Twelve pathologists rendered independent diagnoses on a set of 500 H&E-stained cervical punch and conization specimens. Results were compared with a dichotomized "gold standard" established by consensus of 3 gynecopathology experts. When p16INK4a-immunostained slides were added and conjunctively interpreted with the H&E-stained slides, a significant increase in diagnostic accuracy for the detection of high-grade CIN was observed (P = .0004). Sensitivity for high-grade CIN was increased by 13%, cutting the rate of false-negative results in half. Agreement of community-based pathologists in diagnosing high-grade CIN was significantly improved (mean κ values advanced from 0.566 to 0.749; P < .0001). Reproducibility of p16INK4a stain interpretation was excellent ( κ = 0.899). Our results show that conjunctive interpretation of p16INK4a-stained slides could significantly improve the routine interpretation of cervical histopathology. © American Society for Clinical Pathology.

Reynes J.M.,Institute Pasteur Paris | Carli D.,Institute Pasteur Paris | Boukezia N.,Center Hospitalier Of Coulommiers | Debruyne M.,Laboratoire Cerba | Herti S.,Center Hospitalier Of Coulommiers
Eurosurveillance | Year: 2015

We report an infection with Tula virus in June 2015, leading to hospitalisation, in a patient living approximately 60 km east of Paris with no previous remarkable medical history. Clinical symptoms were limited to a fever syndrome with severe headache. The main laboratory findings included thrombocytopenia and elevated transaminase levels. Based on S (small) gene sequence analysis, the strain affecting the patient was closely related to strains detected in Central Europe, especially to a south-east German strain. © 2015, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). All rights reserved.

Williams A.R.W.,University of Edinburgh | Bergeron C.,Laboratoire Cerba | Barlow D.H.,University of Glasgow | Ferenczy A.,Jewish General Hospital
International Journal of Gynecological Pathology | Year: 2012

Selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs) have beneficial effects in reducing the size of uterine fibroids and the amount of bleeding, but their endometrial effects have not been seen with other agents. This report describes the morphology of the endometrium after 3 mo of treatment with the SPRM, ulipristal acetate (UPA). In 2 Phase III randomized double-blind controlled clinical trials, 546 patients with uterine myomas were treated with 5 or 10 mg of UPA daily for 13 wk or placebo or gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist. Endometrial biopsies were taken at screening, end of treatment (13 wk), and after treatment-free follow-up (38 wk). Biopsies were assessed independently by 3 pathologists according to a preset morphologic scheme. After 13 wk, the UPA-treated endometrium showed altered architectural glandular features including extensive cystic dilatation. The glandular epithelium appeared inactive or contained abortive subnuclear vacuolization, occasional mitoses, and apoptosis. Abnormal stromal vessels were commonly seen. There was a high level of agreement between pathologists on the presence or the absence of nonphysiological changes. One case of hyperplasia without atypia and 4 polyps were seen at 13 wk of UPA treatment. Six months after treatment, the endometrium returned to normal histology in the majority of the patients, with 1 polyp and no cases of hyperplasia in the UPA-treated groups, and 2 hyperplasias (1 with and 1 without atypia) in the placebo or the gonadotropin-releasing hormone-agonist groups. Mild reversible thickening of the endometrium occurs in a minority of cases. It is important that pathologists are aware of the spectrum of changes induced by SPRMs to avoid misdiagnoses of endometrial hyperplasia or polyps. © 2012 International Society of Gynecological Pathologists.

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