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Kennerknecht N.,Labor Medizin Krefeld Medizinisches Versorgungszentrum | Kennerknecht N.,Institute For Hygiene Und Labormedizin | Riffelmann M.,Labor Medizin Krefeld Medizinisches Versorgungszentrum | Riffelmann M.,Institute For Hygiene Und Labormedizin | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Bordetella pertussis infection is mostly diagnosed by serological tests, such as by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) or by immunoblots. We compared immunoblots from five different manufacturers. Immunoblots from Euroimmun, Mikrogen, Trinity Biotech, Viramed and Virotech were used. All kits except the kit from Trinity Biotech measured IgG and IgA antibodies separately. The kits were used according to the kit inserts. Various reference preparations from the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Institute for Biological Standards and Control (NIBSC) and the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research/Food and Drug Administration (CBER/FDA) were analysed. Patient sera with high antibody titres in ELISA, sera from patients with compatible clinical symptoms and sera from vaccinees were compared. An algorithm for interpreting quantitative values for IgG and IgA anti-pertussis toxin (PT) from in-house ELISAs was used as a reference. The sensitivity and specificity of the assays was variable when comparing the qualitative results of immunoblots with expected values of reference preparations and ELISA interpretation of patient sera. The interpretation of semi-quantitative reading of the immunoblots did not compare well to the ELISA results. Adenylate cyclase toxin as an additional antigen in two immunoblots did not effectively distinguish between infection and vaccination. Due to the lack of quantification of antibody concentrations, IgG and IgA immunoblots are of limited value in the serological diagnosis of pertussis. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

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