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Korber M.K.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Langer E.,Labor Berlin Charite Vivantes GmbH Berlin | Langer E.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Kohr M.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | And 5 more authors.
Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy | Year: 2017

Background: An increasing number of oral anticoagulants has been approved, including dabigatran etexilate (DE). DE is a direct thrombin inhibitor that requires no routine monitoring, but, if necessary (e.g. urgent surgery etc.), the diluted thrombin time measured with Hemoclot® has shown reliable results. So far, no point-of-care (PoC) assay is available to measure DE effects. The EcaTEM assay uses ecarin to initiate the coagulation cascade at the step of thrombin generation and measures the clotting time (CT) by thromboelastometry. Methods: This study investigated the correlation of the EcaTEM with standard laboratory assays in dabigatran-treated patients. Ten patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty were included in the study. DE for thromboprophylaxis was started 4 h after surgery. Blood samples were taken before surgery as well as 2, 6 and 12 h after ingestion on the 3rd postoperative day. Dabigatran concentration (Hemoclot), activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time and CT EcaTEM were measured. Results: Only CT EcaTEM and Hemoclot showed a correlation > 0.75 for all measurements. Conclusion: CT EcaTEM appears a valid PoC method parameter to detect thrombin inhibition and thus the presence of dabigatran beside diluted thrombin time at different concentration levels. This may represent an opportunity to identify the presence of dabigatran, e.g., in emergency situations. © 2017 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg. Copyright: All rights reserved.

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