Brussels, Belgium


Brussels, Belgium
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Wilgenhof S.,Laarbeeklaan | Four S.D.,Laarbeeklaan | Everaert H.,Nuclear Medicine | Salmon I.,Hopital Erasme ULB | Neyns B.,Laarbeeklaan
Journal of Immunotherapy | Year: 2013

Ipilimumab, a CTLA-4-blocking monoclonal antibody, improved the overall survival (OS) of advanced melanoma patients treated in prospective clinical trials. We here report a study on the outcome of patients with pretreated advanced melanoma offered ipilimumab (at its licensed dose of 3 mg/kg, every 3 wk for a total of 4 doses) in an expanded access program at a single-center university hospital. Of the 50 patients initiating ipilimumab, 31 patients completed induction therapy and 9 patients were offered reinduction therapy. Most immune-related adverse events were mild and reversible. The best objective response rate by mWHO-criteria included 1 complete response and 4 partial responses (best objective response rate of 10%). Two additional patients obtained a partial response by immune-related response criteria. Median OS was 7 months, with a 1- and 2-year survival rate of 45.2% and 28.8%, respectively. Long-term disease control with ipilimumab was observed in 7 patients of which 4 received reinduction. Baseline serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) measured on week 6 significantly correlated with OS. In conclusion, in this single-center experience with ipilimumab for advanced pretreated melanoma patients, clinical outcome was comparable with the results of published prospective studies. Reinduction therapy was of importance for maintaining long-term disease control in the majority of responding patients. Baseline CRP and ALC at week 6 deserve further prospective evaluation as prognostic and/or predictive (surrogate) markers. Copyright © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Roggen I.,Laarbeeklaan | Gies I.,Laarbeeklaan | Vanbesien J.,Laarbeeklaan | Louis O.,UZ Brussel | De Schepper J.,Laarbeeklaan
Hormone Research in Paediatrics | Year: 2013

Aim: To identify disease-related risk factors for an altered bone mineral density (BMD) and geometry at young adulthood in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1). Methods: Fifty-six DM1 patients (23 females, 33 males) with prepubertal onset of diabetes were studied after completion of skeletal growth. Bone parameters at the distal radius were investigated by peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Disease-related parameters, in particular average HbA1c during the 2 years around peak height velocity, were analyzed. Forty-seven healthy controls (32 females, 15 males) were studied. Results: Trabecular BMD was similar between DM1 patients and controls. The mean (±SD) cross-sectional bone area (CSA) was smaller in DM1 patients compared to controls (282.5 ± 45.4 vs. 326.7 ± 52.2 mm 2, p = 0.002 and males 391.0 ± 61.3 vs. 423.4 ± 81.9 mm2, p = 0.1). In female DM1 patients, the CSA z-score correlated negatively with the body mass index z-score (r = -0.52, p = 0.01) and positively with the height z-score (r = 0.49, p = 0.02). Conclusions: DM1 patients are at risk for smaller bone sizes at the distal radius at the end of pubertal growth, especially females with increased adiposity. Diabetes-specific parameters seem to have a low impact on forearm volumetric apparent mineral density. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Schallier D.,Laarbeeklaan | Rappe B.,Urology | Carprieaux M.,General Municipal Hospital Aalst | Vandenbroucke F.,Oncology Center Brussels
Anticancer Research | Year: 2015

Ureteral metastasis from a primary prostate cancer is a rare event in the initial diagnosis and progression of prostate cancer. We report here the case of a 72-year-old patient who was treated for castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer involving bone, intra-abdominal lymph nodes, bilateral adrenal glands, and a small distal ureteral lesion with left hydronephrosis considered in remission, with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analog plus abiraterone acetate (AA) and prednisone after initial docetaxel plus prednisone chemotherapy. After an episode of acute left flank pain, the previous left distal intraluminal ureteral mass appeared increased in volume on computed tomographic scan and was compatible with either a metastasis from prostate cancer, transitional cell carcinoma of the ureter, or a collision tumor. After left nephroureterectomy (NU), the mass was confirmed to be of prostatic origin on histopathological examination and the only site of metastatic progression of prostate cancer. Abdominal CT-scan and the operative specimen of the NU showed no direct extension of the abdominal lymph nodes into the ureteral lesion. We speculate that this unique ureteral prostate cancer metastasis was the result of hematogenic spread of prostate cancer, although microscopic spread through the lymphatic system could not be excluded. The transient anti-tumor effect of AA plus prednisone at the level of ureteral metastasis, as far as we are aware of, has never been documented before.

Covens P.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel | Berus D.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel | Vanhavere F.,Belgian Nuclear Research Center | Caveliers V.,Laarbeeklaan
Radiation Protection Dosimetry | Year: 2010

Significant staff exposure is generally expected during PET-and PET/CT applications. Whole-body doses as well as extremity doses are usually higher per procedure compared with SPECT applications. Dispensing individual patient doses and manual injection involves high extremity doses even when heavy weighted syringe shields are used. In some cases the external radiation causes an exposure to the fingertips of more than 500 mSv y -1, which is the yearly limit. Whole-body doses per procedure are relatively lower compared with extremity doses and are generally spread over the entire procedure (Guillet, B., Quentin, P., Waultier, S., Bourrelly, M., Pisano, P. and Mundler, O. Technologist radiation exposure in routine clinical practice with 18FFDG PET. J. Nucl. Med. Technol. 33, 175-179 (2005). Optimisation of the individual workload is often used to restrict staff doses, but many PET centres face the need for further optimisation to reduce the staff doses to an acceptable level. During this study the effect of the use of an automated dispensing and injection system for 18FDG on whole-body doses and extremity doses was evaluated. Detailed dosimetric studies using thermoluminescent and direct ion storage dosimetry were carried out before and after the introduction of this system. The results show that the extremity doses can be reduced by more than 95 % up to a mean level of 10 μSv per handled GBq. At the same time, whole-body doses can be halved during injection of the tracer. This results in a dose reduction of 20 % during the entire procedure of injection, escorting and positioning. In this way, the study shows that with the use of automated dispensing and injection a considerable staff dose reduction can be obtained. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press.

A 43-year-old women admitted to our hospital for weight loss, anorexia, and abdominal pain was diagnosed with sigmoid neoplasm and multiple bilobar liver metastases. This patient received six cycles of systemic FOLFOX prior to a laparoscopically assisted anterior resection of the rectosigmoid for a poorly differentiated invasive adenocarcinoma T2N2M1, K-RAS negative (wild type). Hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) of L-folinic acid modulated 5-fluorouracil (LV/5-FU) with intravenous (iv) irinotecan (FOLFIRI) and cetuximab as adjuvant therapy resulted in a complete metabolic response (CR) with CEA normalization. A right hepatectomy extended to segment IV was performed resulting in (FDG-)PET negative remission for 7 months. Solitary intrahepatic recurrence was effectively managed by local radiofrequent ablation following 6c FOLFIRI plus cetuximab iv. Multiple lung lesions and recurrence of pulmonary and local lymph node metastases were successfully treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (50Gy) and iv LV/5-FU/oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) plus cetuximab finally switched to panitumumab with CR as a result. At present the patient is in persistent complete remission of her stage IV colorectal cancer, more than 5 years after initial diagnosis of the advanced disease. Multidisciplinary treatment with HAI of chemotherapy (LV/5-FU + CPT-11) plus EGFR-inhibitor can achieve CR of complex unresectable LM and can even result in hepatectomy with possible long-term survival.

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