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Leban N.,Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory | Aloui S.,Fattouma Bourguiba Universitary Hospital | Touati D.,Fattouma Bourguiba Universitary Hospital | Lakhdhar R.,Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory | And 8 more authors.
International Urology and Nephrology | Year: 2011

Background: Hemolytic uremic syndrome consists of a triad of acquired hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and renal failure. Aim: Our objectives were to determine epidemiology, clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) to determine the relationship between the complement protein deficit and aHUS in the Tunisian population. Methods: We studied retrospectively four cases of atypical HUS in adults admitted in the Nephrology Department of Fattouma Bourguiba Universitary Hospital in Monastir between 2000 and 2008. Results: Three patients had renal failure that required dialysis. One of them received kidney transplantation with no further recurrence of aHUS. Three patients had normal C3, C4, CFH, and FB levels, and in all patients anti-FH autoantibodies were absent. The kidney biopsy of one patient showed in addition to lupus glomerulonephritis histological findings consistent with TMA. A decrease in C3, C4 and CFH levels in this patient was found both before and after the cure. Conclusion: Nephrologists should be aware of autoimmune conditions and genetic abnormalities of the complement regulatory genes as possible pathogenic mechanisms in atypical HUS patients. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. Source


Custodio A.,La Paz Universitary Hospital | Feliu J.,La Paz Universitary Hospital
Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology | Year: 2013

The advent of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), cetuximab and panitumumab has expanded the range of treatment options for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Despite these agents have paved the way to individualized therapy, our understanding why some patients respond to treatment whereas others do not remain poor. The realization that detection of positive EGFR expression by IHC does not reliably predict clinical outcome of EGFR-targeted treatment has led to an intense search for alternative predictive biomarkers. Data derived from multiple phase III trials have indicated that KRAS mutations can be considered a highly specific negative biomarker of benefit to anti-EGFR mAbs. Oncologists are now facing emerging issues in the treatment of metastatic CRC, including the identification of additional genetic determinants of primary resistance to EGFR-targeted therapy for further improving selection of patients, the explanation of rare cases of patients carrying KRAS-mutated tumours who have been reported to respond to cetuximab and panitumumab and the discovery of mechanisms of secondary resistance to EGFR-targeted therapy. Current data suggest that, together with KRAS mutations, the evaluation of EGFR gene copy number (GCN), BRAF, NRAS, PIK3CA mutations or loss of PTEN expression could also be useful for selecting patients with reduced chance to benefit from anti-EGFR mAbs.This review aims to provide an updated of the most recent data on predictive and prognostic biomarkers within the EGFR pathway, the challenges this emerging field presents and the future role of these molecular markers in CRC treatment. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Rodado-Marina S.,La Paz Universitary Hospital | Coronado-Poggio M.,La Paz Universitary Hospital | Garcia-Vicente A.M.,Universitary Hospital | Garcia-Garzon J.R.,CETIR Unitat PET Esplugues | And 4 more authors.
BJU International | Year: 2015

Objective To evaluate 18F-fluorocholine positron-emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in restaging patients with a history of prostate adenocarcinoma who have biochemical relapse after early radical treatment, and to correlate the technique's disease detection rate with a set of variables and clinical and pathological parameters. Patients and Methods This was a retrospective multicentre study that included 374 patients referred for choline-PET/CT who had biochemical relapse. In all, 233 patients who met the following inclusion criteria were analysed: diagnosis of prostate cancer; early radical treatment; biochemical relapse; main clinical and pathological variables; and clinical, pathological and imaging data needed to validate the results. Criteria used to validate the PET/CT: findings from other imaging techniques, clinical follow-up, treatment response and histological analysis. Different statistical tests were used depending on the distribution of the data to correlate the results of the choline-PET/CT with qualitative [T stage, N stage, early radical prostatectomy (RP) vs other treatments, hormone therapy concomitant to choline-PET/CT] and quantitative [age, Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels at diagnosis, PSA nadir, PSA level on the day of the choline-PET/CT (Trigger PSA) and PSA doubling time (PSADT)] variables. We analysed whether there were independent predictive factors associated with positive PET/CT results. Results Choline-PET/CT was positive in 111 of 233 patients (detection rate 47.6%) and negative in 122 (52.4%). Disease locations: prostate or prostate bed in 26 patients (23.4%); regional and/or distant lymph nodes in 52 (46.8%); and metastatic bone disease in 33 (29.7%). Positive findings were validated by: results from other imaging techniques in 35 patients (15.0%); at least 6 months of clinical follow-up in 136 (58.4%); treatment response in 24 (10.3%); histological analysis of lesions in 17 (7.3%); and follow-up plus imaging results in 21 (9.0%). The statistical analysis of qualitative variables, corresponding to patients' clinical characteristics, and the positive/negative final PET/CT results revealed that only whether or not early treatment with RP was done was statistically significant (P < 0.001), with the number of positive results higher in patients who did not undergo a RP. Among the quantitative variables, Gleason score, Trigger PSA and PSADT clearly differentiated the two patient groups (positive and negative choline-PET/CT: P = 0.010, P = 0.001 and P = 0.025, respectively). A Gleason score of <5 or ≥8 clearly differentiated positive from negative PET. Trigger PSA: mean of 8 ng/mL for positive PET/CT vs 2.8 ng/mL for negative PET/CT; PSADT: mean of 8 months for positive vs 12.6 months for negative. The optimal threshold values were: 3 ng/mL for Trigger PSA level and 6 months for PSADT (Youden index/receiver operating characteristic curve). Analysing these two variables together showed that PSADT was more conclusive in patients with lower Trigger PSA levels. Analysing variables by location showed that only PSADT was able to differentiate between those with disease confined to the prostate compared with the other two locations (lymph nodes and bone), with shorter PSADT in these two, which was statistically significant (P < 0.002). In the patient group with a PSA level of <1.5 ng/mL, 30.8% had the disease, 7% of whom had metastatic bone disease. In the multivariate logistic regression, the risks factors that were clearly independent for those with positive PET/CT were: PSA level of >3 ng/mL, no early RP, and Gleason score of ≥8. Conclusion Our results support the usefulness of 18F-fluorocholine PET/CT in biochemical relapse of prostate cancer after radical treatment, with an overall disease detection rate close to 50%, and it can be recommended as first-line treatment. As mentioned above, besides Trigger PSA levels, there are other clinical and pathological variables that need to be considered so as to screen patients properly and thus minimise the number of nodular lesions and increase the diagnostic accuracy of the examination. © 2014 BJU International. Source


Custodio A.,La Paz Universitary Hospital | Moreno-Rubio J.,La Paz Universitary Hospital | Aparicio J.,La Fe Universitary Hospital | Gallego-Plazas J.,General Universitary Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy (CT), widely used as adjuvant therapy for stage III and selected high-risk stage II colon cancer (CC) patients, is often associated with cumulative peripheral neuropathy. Our aim is to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in oxaliplatin metabolism, DNA repair mechanisms, cell cycle control, detoxification or excretion pathways to predict severe (grade 2-3) oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OXPN) among CC patients treated with oxaliplatin and fluoropyrimidine-based adjuvant CT. Patients and methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded peritumoral samples from 206 high-risk stage II and stage III CC patients receiving oxaliplatin-based adjuvant CT from January 2004 to December 2009. Genotyping was carried out for 34 SNPs in 15 genes using MassARRAY (SEQUENOM) technology. A total of 181 stage II-III CC patients treated with the same CT regimens were enrolled as a validation set. Results: The rs2230641 cyclin H (CCNH) rs2230641 C/C [odd ratio (OR) = 5.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.061-2.41, P = 0.042] and the ATP-binding cassette subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2) rs3114018 A/A genotypes (OR = 2.67; 95% CI 0.95-4.41; P = 0.059) were associated with a higher risk of severe OXPN. In addition, patients harboring the combination of CCNH C/C and/or the ABCG2 rs3114018 A/A genotypes had a higher risk of grade 2-3 OXPN than those with the CCNH any T and ABCG2 any C genotypes (37.73% versus 19.42%; OR = 2.46; 95% CI 1.19-5.07; P = 0.014) in the logistic regression analysis using age, gender, adjuvant CT regimen and cumulative dose of oxaliplatin as covariates. The ability to predict severe OXPN of this combined analysis was independently validated in the second cohort (58% versus 33.33%; OR = 2.99; 95% CI 1.45-6.13; P = 0.002). Conclusions: Our results suggest that SNPs in CCNH and ABCG2 can modulate the development of severe OXPN among stage II-III CC patients who received oxaliplatin-based CT, thus enabling the individualization of adjuvant treatment. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source


Chimenti E.M.,Hospital Infanta Cristina | de la Morena L.H.,La Paz Universitary Hospital | Vaquero P.M.,La Paz Universitary Hospital | Saez-de-ibarra L.,La Paz Universitary Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice | Year: 2010

We evaluated glycaemic variability with continuous glucose monitoring system in 31 people with Type 1 diabetes mellitus using multiple daily injections initially and after switching to continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. There was a significant improvement in HbA1c, mean glucose, standard deviation of mean glucose and in hyperglycaemic excursions with CSII. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

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