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Copenhagen, Denmark

Treppendahl M.B.,L4042 | Qiu X.,University of Southern California | Qiu X.,Central South University | Sogaard A.,L4042 | And 12 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Deletions of chromosome 5q are associated with poor outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) suggesting the presence of tumor suppressor(s) at the locus. However, definitive identification of putative tumor suppressor genes remains controversial. Here we show that a 106- nucleotide noncoding RNA vault RNA2-1 (vtRNA2-1), previously misannotated as miR886, could potentially play a role in the biology and prognosis of AML. vtRNA2-1 is transcribed by polymerase III and is monoallelically methylated in 75% of healthy individuals whereas the remaining 25% of the population have biallelic hypomethylation. AML patients without methylation of VTRNA2-1 have a considerably better outcome than those with monoallelic or biallelic methylation (n = 101, P = .001). We show that methylation is inversely correlated with vtRNA2-1 expression, and that 5-azanucleosides induce vtRNA2-1 and down-regulate the phosphorylated RNA-dependent protein kinase (pPKR), whose activity has been shown to be modulated by vtRNA2-1. Because pPKR promotes cell survival in AML, the data are consistent with vtRNA2-1 being a tumor suppressor in AML. This is the first study to show that vtRNA2-1 might play a significant role in AML, that it is either mono- or biallelically expressed in the blood cells of healthy individuals, and that its methylation state predicts outcome in AML. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source


Treppendahl M.B.,L4042 | Kristensen L.S.,L4042 | Groonb K.,L4042
Journal of Clinical Investigation | Year: 2014

Drugs targeting the epigenome are new promising cancer treatment modalities; however, not all patients receive the same benefit from these drugs. In contrast to conventional chemotherapy, responses may take several months after the initiation of treatment to occur. Accordingly, identification of good pretreatment predictors of response is of great value. Many clinical parameters and molecular targets have been tested in preclinical and clinical studies with varying results, leaving room for optimization. Here we provide an overview of markers that may predict the efficacy of FDA- and EMA-approved epigenetic drugs. Source

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