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Bennett J.M.,University of Rochester | Tuechler H.,Boltzmann Institute for Leukemia Research | Aul C.,St. Johannes Hospital | Strupp C.,Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf | Germing U.,Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf
Leukemia Research | Year: 2016

The role of bone marrow dysplastic erythroid precursors (EP) in both MDS and AML has been the subject of considerable debate over the past several decades.We have analyzed a large series of adults with MDS and focused on whether any% of EP identified in the bone marrow aspirates of over 1400 patients selected from the Dusseldorf, Germany adult MDS Registry has prognostic relevance. The data was examined for varying% of blasts, the WHO prognostic MDS subtypes and the IPSS-R.We did not identify any adjustment of bone marrow blast percentage by%EP, incuding the 50% rule" developed by the FAB leukemia working group, to have a meaningful impact on outcome, either leukemic risk of progression or overall survival. There was a trend for a%EP<15% to actually have a worse survival than any other EP subset.We can no longer recommend the application of the "50% rule" in the calculation of the% of myeloblasts in bone marrow aspirates. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Braulke F.,University Medicine of Goettingen | Platzbecker U.,TU Dresden | Muller-Thomas C.,TU Munich | Gotze K.,TU Munich | And 24 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2015

International Prognostic Scoring Systems are used to determine the individual risk profile of myelodysplastic syndrome patients. For the assessment of International Prognostic Scoring Systems, an adequate chromosome banding analysis of the bone marrow is essential. Cytogenetic information is not available for a substantial number of patients (5%-20%) with dry marrow or an insufficient number of metaphase cells. For these patients, a valid risk classification is impossible. In the study presented here, the International Prognostic Scoring Systems were validated based on fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses using extended probe panels applied to cluster of differentiation 34 positive (CD34+) peripheral blood cells of 328 MDS patients of our prospective multicenter German diagnostic study and compared to chromosome banding results of 2902 previously published patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. For cytogenetic risk classification by fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses of CD34+ peripheral blood cells, the groups differed significantly for overall and leukemia-free survival by uni- and multivariate analyses without discrepancies between treated and untreated patients. Including cytogenetic data of fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses of peripheral CD34+ blood cells (instead of bone marrow banding analysis) into the complete International Prognostic Scoring System assessment, the prognostic risk groups separated significantly for overall and leukemia-free survival. Our data show that a reliable stratification to the risk groups of the International Prognostic Scoring Systems is possible from peripheral blood in patients with missing chromosome banding analysis by using a comprehensive probe panel (clinicaltrials.gov identifier:01355913). ©2015 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Greenberg P.L.,Stanford University | Tuechler H.,Boltzmann Institute for Leukemia Research | Schanz J.,University of Gottingen | Sanz G.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | And 30 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

The International Prognostic Scoring Sytem (IPSS) is an important standard for ssessing prognosis of primary untreated adult patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). To refine the IPSS, MDS patient databases from international institutions were coalesced to assemble a much larger combined database (Revised-IPSS [IPSS-R], n = 7012, IPSS, n = 816) for analysis. Multiple statistically weighted clinical features were used to generate a prognostic categorization model. Bone marrow cytogenetics, marrow blast percentage, and cytopenias remained the basis of the new system. Novel components of the current analysis included: 5 rather than 3 cytogenetic prognostic subgroups with specific and new classifications of a number of less common cytogenetic subsets, splitting the low marrow blast percentage value, and depth of cytopenias. This model defined 5 rather than the 4 major prognostic categories that are present in the IPSS. Patient age, performance status, serum ferritin, and lactate dehydrogenase were significant additive features for survival but not for acute myeloid leukemia transformation. This system comprehensively integrated the numerous known clinical features into a method analyzing MDS patient prognosis more precisely than the initial IPSS. As such, this IPSS-R should prove beneficial for predicting the clinical outcomes of untreated MDS patients and aiding design and analysis of clinical trials in this disease. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.

Della Porta M.G.,Fondazione Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Policlinico San Matteo | Della Porta M.G.,University of Pavia | Tuechler H.,Boltzmann Institute for Leukemia Research | Malcovati L.,Fondazione Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Policlinico San Matteo | And 34 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2015

A risk-adapted treatment strategy is mandatory for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We refined the World Health Organization (WHO)-classification-based Prognostic Scoring System (WPSS) by determining the impact of the newer clinical and cytogenetic features, and we compared its prognostic power to that of the revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R). A population of 5326 untreated MDS was considered. We analyzed single WPSS parameters and confirmed that the WHO classification and severe anemia provide important prognostic information in MDS. A strong correlation was found between the WPSS including the new cytogenetic risk stratification and WPSS adopting original criteria. We then compared WPSS with the IPSS-R prognostic system. A highly significant correlation was found between the WPSS and IPSS-R risk classifications. Discrepancies did occur among lower-risk patients in whom the number of dysplastic hematopoietic lineages as assessed by morphology did not reflect the severity of peripheral blood cytopenias and/or increased marrow blast count. Moreover, severe anemia has higher prognostic weight in the WPSS versus IPSS-R model. Overall, both systems well represent the prognostic risk of MDS patients defined by WHO morphologic criteria. This study provides relevant in formation for the implementation of risk-adapted strategies in MDS. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

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