Tamana, Japan

Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare is a private university in Tamana, Kumamoto, Japan, established in 1998. Wikipedia.


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Igarashi H.,Kumamoto University | Hasui C.,Kumamoto University | Uji M.,Kumamoto University | Shono M.,Yuge Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Psychiatry Research | Year: 2010

To simultaneously examine the impact of childhood abuse history on borderline personality traits, negative life events, and depression, undergraduate students (N=243) were studied by questionnaire surveys with one week intervals. Neglect and emotional abuse as well as sexual maltreatment predicted borderline personality traits and baseline depression. Baseline depression as well as the impact of negative life events occurring the week prior predicted depression a week later. However, after considering the baseline depression level, child abuse history failed to predict the follow-up depression level. Borderline personality traits did not moderate these findings. Childhood emotional and sexual abuse history may influence depression and borderline personality traits. © 2010.


Lu X.,Kumamoto University | Katoh T.,Kumamoto University | Chen Z.,Chengdu Medical College | Nagata T.,Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare | And 2 more authors.
Psychiatry Research | Year: 2014

Text messaging may be excessive and young people may be dependent on it. We distributed the Self-perception of Text-message Dependency Scale (STDS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) to 223 Japanese university students in a two-wave study, separated by a 5-month interval. The STDS yielded a three-factor structure. The STDS scores across the two measurement occasions were stable across time (except for the Relationship Maintenance subscale). A hierarchical cluster analysis suggested a three-class structure interpreted as Normal Users, Excessive Users, and Dependent Users. Excessive Users and Dependent Users were characterized by a young age at initial mobile phone use, more frequent use of text messaging, higher Novelty Seeking, and better Other-Model patterns of adult attachment. Unlike Excessive Users, Dependent Users were characterized by lower Self-directedness, poorer Self-Model of adult attachment, and higher anxiety and depression. The Excessive Users, but not the Dependent Users, were characterized by high Reward Dependence and Co-operativeness. The present study demonstrated that the STDS has a robust factor structure, good construct validity, and temporal stability (except for Relationship Maintenance subscale); students could be classified into normal, excessive, and Dependent Users of the text messaging; and Dependent Users were characterized by Excessive Use and personality immaturity. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


PubMed | Kyushu Institute of Technology and Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of physical therapy science | Year: 2016

[Purpose] This study investigated whether hip adductor activity was influenced by electrical stimulation of the tensor fascia lata muscle. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 16 nondisabled males. Each subject was asked to adduct the hip joint with maximum effort. The electromyogram of the adductor longus was recorded under two experimental conditions, with and without electrical stimulation of the tensor fascia lata. [Results] In the presence of electrical stimulation, muscle activity decreased to 72.9% (57.8-89.3%) of that without stimulation. [Conclusion] These results suggested that inactivation of the adductor group was promoted by electrical stimulation of the tensor fascia lata.


PubMed | Kyushu Institute of Technology, Arizono Orthopedic Supplies Co. and Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of physical therapy science | Year: 2016

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to analyze the crutch position in the horizontal plane to confirm the stability of the axillary pad during double-crutch walking. [Subjects] Twelve healthy young subjects (6 males and 6 females). [Methods] The subjects were asked to walk in a straight line, using double crutches, for a distance of 5 m, 5 times. Crutch position data were obtained using four infrared reflective markers attached to both crutches (two markers each on both crutches). The crutch angles of each subject were compared across three time points during the crutch stance phase (crutch contact, mid stance, and crutch off). [Results] Crutch angles of each of the two crutches were significantly different across the crutch stance phase of 11 of the 12 subjects. Phasic differences were shown by 4 of the 12 subjects, and a strong correlation was observed between the left and right crutch angles of all subjects. [Conclusion] External rotation of the crutch throughout the stance phase was very important for keeping the axillary pad in the axilla, not only for single-crutch walking, but also for double-crutch walking. In addition, symmetry of the crutch positioning is one of the most important factors for safe double-crutch walking.


Hiramatsu F.,Yamagata University | Murayama T.,Yamagata University | Koseki T.,Yamagata University | Funakoshi T.,Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare | Shiono Y.,Yamagata University
Natural Product Research | Year: 2011

Strobilols L and M, which are cadinane sesquiterpene derivatives, were isolated from the liquid culture of the edible mushroom Strobilurus ohshimae. Their structures have been established on the basis of spectral analyses. Strobilols A-M were examined for their growth inhibition activity against human cancer cell lines YMB and COLO 201. © 2011 Taylor &Francis.


Uji M.,Kumamoto University | Nagata T.,Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare | Kitamura T.,Kitamura Institute of Mental Health
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic | Year: 2012

This study focused on the functional aspects of narcissism in regulating self-conscious emotions (guilt, shame, hubristic pride, and achievement-oriented pride) as well as two other attribution styles (externalization and detachment). The authors investigated Japanese university students (N = 452) with regard to their self-conscious emotions using the Test of Self-Conscious Affect-3 (TOSCA-3) and their narcissistic personality using the short version of Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-S). Structural equation modeling was used for the analysis. The authors found that narcissism led individuals to feel achievement-oriented pride, hubristic pride, externalization, and detachment, but inhibited feelings of shame. It did not have a significant effect on guilt. Shame-proneness prompted hubristic pride and externalization. Guilt-proneness inclined an individual toward achievement-oriented pride, but deterred externalization. In this article, the authors present and interpret these results in detail and then discuss how they can be utilized in psychotherapy. © 2012 The Menninger Foundation.


Wei C.-N.,Kumamoto University | Harada K.,Kumamoto University | Ueda K.,Kumamoto University | Fukumoto K.,Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare | And 2 more authors.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine | Year: 2012

Objectives This descriptive study of 314 students was conducted to determine whether there were any relationships of their demographic variables with a health-promoting lifestyle profile. Methods The Japanese version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II) questionnaire was used to investigate students' lifestyles. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparison procedures using the Scheffe test were conducted to identify significant differences among university year (first, second, etc.) groups. The t-test independent participants was utilized to compare the HPLP-II scores according to gender and living with family (yes/no). Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the effects of various demographics on the overall HPLP-II score and the six health-promoting lifestyle subscales. Results The whole cohort of participants had an overall HPLP-II mean score of 2.50 (SD = 0.29), with the highest mean score being for interpersonal relations (3.05 ± 0.44), and the lowest mean score being for health responsibility (2.01 ± 0.53). The overall HPLP-II score of the students during the first university year was 2.59 (SD = 0.29), and this score progressively declined in their second year (2.49 ± 0.29), third year (2.47 ± 0.28), and fourth year (2.45 ± 0.30). Female students practiced significantly better health responsibility, interpersonal relations, and nutrition than males, and male students practiced significantly better physical activity than females. The students who were living with family had significantly higher nutrition scores than those not living with family. Conclusions These significant findings linking the HPLPII, university year level, and living with family (yes/no) in university students will enable healthcare providers to develop interventions to assist students in improving their health lifestyles in the university environment and will help in devising suitable education programs. © The Japanese Society for Hygiene 2011.


Sato K.,Kumamoto University | Nishina Y.,Kumamoto University | Shiga K.,Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare
Journal of Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Electron-transferring flavoprotein (ETF) from the anaerobic bacterium Megasphaera elsdenii is a heterodimer containing two FAD cofactors. Isolated ETF contains only one FAD molecule, FAD-1, because the other, FAD-2, is lost during purification. FAD-2 is recovered by adding FAD to the isolated ETF. The two FAD molecules in holoETF were characterized using NADH. Spectrophotometric titration of isolated ETF with NADH showed a two-electron reduction of FAD-1 according to a monophasic profile indicating that FAD-1 receives electrons from NADH without involvement of FAD-2. When holoETF was titrated with NADH, FAD-2 was reduced to an anionic semiquinone and then was fully reduced before the reduction of FAD-1. The midpoint potential values at pH 7 were +81, -136 and -279 mV for the reduction of oxidized FAD-2 to semiquinone, semiquinone to the fully reduced FAD-2 and the two-electron reduction of FAD-1, respectively. Both FAD-1 and FAD-2 in holoETF were reduced by excess NADH very rapidly. The reduction of FAD-2 was slowed by replacement of FAD-1 with 8-cyano-FAD indicating that FAD-2 receives electrons from FAD-1 but not from NADH directly. The present results suggest that FAD-2 is the counterpart of the FAD in human ETF, which contains one FAD and one AMP. © The Authors 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved.


Sato K.,Kumamoto University | Nishina Y.,Kumamoto University | Shiga K.,Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare
Journal of Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Electron-transferring flavoprotein (ETF) from Megasphaera elsdenii contains two FAD molecules, FAD-1 and FAD-2. FAD-2 shows an unusual absorption spectrum with a 400-nm peak. In contrast, ETFs from other sources such as pig contain one FAD and one AMP with the FAD showing a typical flavin absorption spectrum with 380-and 440-nm peaks. It is presumed that FAD-2 is the counterpart of the FAD in other ETFs. In this study, the FAD-1 and FAD-2 fluorescence spectra were determined by titration of FAD-1-bound ETF with FAD using excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy. The EEM data were globally analysed, and the FAD fluorescence spectra were calculated from the principal components using their respective absorption spectra. The FAD-2 fluorescence spectrum was different from that of pig ETF, which is more intense and blue-shifted. AMP-free pig ETF in acidic solution, which has a comparable absorption spectrum to FAD-2, also had a similar fluorescence spectrum. This result suggests that FAD-2 in M. elsdenii ETF and the FAD in acidic AMP-free pig ETF share a common microenvironment. A review of published ETF fluorescence spectra led to the speculation that the majority of ETF molecules in solution are in the conformation depicted by the crystal structure. © 2013 The Authors 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Kumamoto University, Mie University and Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Neuromuscular disorders : NMD | Year: 2016

Myotonia congenita is a non-dystrophic skeletal muscle disorder characterized by muscle stiffness and an inability of the muscle to relax after voluntary contraction caused by a mutation in the gene encoding skeletal muscle chloride channel-1 (CLCN1). We encountered a case of Thomsen disease with ptosis. A short tau inversion recovery MR imaging demonstrated high-intensity lesions in the levator palpebrae superioris muscles. Molecular genetic testing revealed a heterozygosity for the c.1439C>A (p.P480H) mutation in the CLCN1 gene. The expression level of ClC-1 was significantly reduced on the sarcolemma of the biceps brachii muscle from the patient, compared with that from healthy volunteer. Functional analysis of the p.P480H mutation is required for further elucidating the pathogenesis of Thomsen disease.

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