Ihara H.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Kawano T.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography | Year: 2017
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of patient age on the effects of conservative treatment of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Methods A total of 102 consecutive patients with acute ACL injury were allowed to heal without surgery. Final magnetic resonance imaging images of the ACL were classified from grade I, indicating good morphological recovery, to grade IV, indicating poor recovery. Chi-square analysis was used to determine significant differences in the incidence of grades I and II among those less than 20 versus those 20 years or more of age. Results The mean follow-up to final magnetic resonance imaging was 9 months. A significant difference in the frequency of grades I and II was observed between age groups (<20 years, 13.0%; ≥20 years, 69.6%; P < 0.0001). Conclusion ACL injury was more severe, and morphological recovery with conservative treatment was poorer among younger patients than among adults. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
Suzuki S.,Nippon Steel Yawata Memorial Hospital |
Sayama T.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Nakamura T.,Shimonoseki City Hospital |
Nishimura H.,Kyushu Koseinenkin Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Cerebrovascular Diseases | Year: 2011
Background: Cerebral vasospasm (VS) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Reversal of VS by intra-arterial infusion of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-elevating agents has been reported; however, the preventive role in the development of VS is not fully understood. This study is designed to evaluate the possible efficacy of using cilostazol, a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 3 and a cAMP-elevating agent, in patients with SAH. Methods: In this prospective randomized study, we enrolled 100 SAH patients who met the following criteria: neck clipping within 72 h after onset, Hunt and Hess (HH) score ≤4, modified Rankin scale (mRS) score ≤2 prior to ictus, and no serious cardiovascular complications. Patients were divided into control and cilostazol groups; we focused on the effects of cilostazol on the decrease in the incidence of symptomatic VS, cerebral infarction, and the mRS score at discharge. Result: Patients' age, male/female ratio, mRS score prior to ictus, HH grade, Fisher group, site of the aneurysm, drugs prescribed during the observation period, and length of hospital stay were not different between the groups. Cilostazol did not significantly decrease the incidence of symptomatic VS (37.3% in the control vs. 22.4% in the cilostazol group, p = 0.183) and cerebral infarction (27.5% in control vs. 10.2% in the cilostazol, p = 0.091). However, mRS score was significantly improved at discharge (2.6 in controls vs. 1.5 in the cilostazol group, p = 0.041). Patients' age being ≤65 years (OR = 8.47, 95% CI = 2.45-29.32, p = 0.0007), Fisher group ≤3 (OR = 4.64, 95% CI = 1.00-21.45, p = 0.049), HH grade ≤2 (OR = 4.31, 95% CI = 1.27-14.59, p = 0.019), no hydrocephalus (OR = 8.55, 95% CI = 1.72-19.23, p = 0.0046), and cilostazol use (OR = 5.52, 95% CI = 1.61-18.90, p = 0.0065) were independent predictors of good outcomes (mRS score ≤2). Conclusion: Cilostazol may improve outcomes after SAH, but further double-blind, placebo-controlled studies are required for a definitive conclusion. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Kawaguchi H.,University of Tokyo |
Oka H.,University of Tokyo |
Jingushi S.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Izumi T.,Saihaku Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research | Year: 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) is a potent mitogen for mesenchymal cells, and a local application of recombinant human FGF-2 (rhFGF-2) in a gelatin hydrogel has been reported to accelerate bone union in our animal studies and preparatory dose-escalation trial on patients with surgical osteotomy. We have performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which patients with fresh tibial shaft fractures of transverse or short oblique type were randomly assigned to three groups receiving a single injection of the gelatin hydrogel containing either placebo or 0.8amg (low-dosage group) or 2.4amg (high-dosage group) of rhFGF-2 into the fracture gap at the end of an intramedullary nailing surgery. Of 194 consecutive patients over 2 years, 85 met the eligibility criteria, and 70 (24 in the placebo group and 23 each in low- and high-dosage groups) completed the 24-week study. The cumulative percentages of patients with radiographic bone union were higher in the rhFGF-2-treated groups (p=.031 and.009 in low- and high-dosage group, respectively) compared with the placebo group, although there was no significant difference between low- and high-dosage groups (p=.776). At 24 weeks, 4, 1, and 0 patients in the placebo, low-dosage, and high-dosage groups, respectively, continued to show delayed union. No patient underwent a secondary intervention, and the time to full weight bearing without pain was not significantly different among the three groups (p=.567). There also was no significant difference in the profiles of adverse events among the groups. In conclusion, a local application of the rhFGF-2 hydrogel accelerated healing of tibial shaft fractures with a safety profile. © 2010 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
Murakami N.,Kyushu University |
Morioka T.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Suzuki S.O.,Kyushu University |
Hashiguchi K.,Iizuka Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Epilepsia | Year: 2012
In patients with epilepsy associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), epileptogenesis has been suggested to be caused by chronic ischemia in cortical areas affected by leptomeningeal angiomatosis or by ischemia-related cortical malformations. However, this has not been fully verified electrophysiologically. We herein present two cases of SWS with medically intractable epilepsy in which the epileptogenic area involved focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type IIa near the region of leptomeningeal angiomatosis. In both cases, the ictal-onset zones were identified by chronic subdural electrodes, and the presence of FCD type IIa was shown histopathologically. In SWS, especially in association with focal leptomeningeal angiomatosis, FCD may thus play a major role in epileptogenesis. FCD should therefore be demonstrated by the collective findings of perioperative neurophysiologic examination, anatomic and functional neuroimaging, and histopathologic examination. © 2012 International League Against Epilepsy.
Kanazawa Y.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Morioka T.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Arakawa S.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Furuta Y.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases | Year: 2015
"Non-convulsive" partial status epilepticus (SE) is an important pathologic condition that should be differentiated from cerebral infarction. Herein, we reported 2 patients who had partial SE associated with old infarction in the right parietal lobe. Each patient had 2 episodes of left hemiparesis and hemisensory disturbance without convulsion. On diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images (DW-MRI), a hyperintense lesion was noted in the cortex around the old infarction lesion, and recurrent infarction was suspected. Although electroencephalography (EEG) failed to reveal ictal discharges or interictal paroxysmal activities in 3 of 4 episodes, perfusion images with arterial spin labeling (ASL) clearly demonstrated ictal hyperperfusion in the area corresponding to the cortical hyperintense lesion on DW-MRI. After appropriate anticonvulsant treatment based on the diagnosis of partial SE, clinical symptoms were completely improved. These data stress the importance of cortical hyperintensity on DW-MRI and ictal ASL hyperperfusion, even when SE cannot be determined from EEG. © 2015 by National Stroke Association.
Nagao Y.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan |
Hisaoka M.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan |
Matsuyama A.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan |
Kanemitsu S.,University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan |
And 7 more authors.
Modern Pathology | Year: 2012
Since the discovery of small non-coding RNAs, the analyses of microRNA (miRNA) expression patterns in human cancer have provided new insights into cancer biology. miRNA-21 has been suggested to be one of the miRNAs that have an important role in the development or biological behavior of a variety of malignancies, including pancreatic cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between the expression of miRNA-21 and that of its molecular targets, programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP3), in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The study included 65 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas and 5 normal pancreatic tissue specimens for comparison. The miRNA expression profiling of five selected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas and five normal pancreatic specimens was performed using a microarray platform, and was evaluated by a hierarchical clustering analysis. The miRNA most highly expressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (ie, miRNA-21) was further assessed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) assays in the 65 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cases. The expression pattern of its molecular targets (eg, PDCD4 and TIMP3) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was examined immunohistochemically. In the microarray analyses, 28 miRNAs were upregulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma compared with normal pancreatic tissue, whereas 48 miRNAs were downregulated. miRNA-21 was the most significantly overexpressed miRNA in the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas analyzed, and was also highly expressed in 75% of the 65 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas examined by real-time RT-PCR. High miRNA-21 expression was correlated with a worse prognosis in the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients (P=0.045). The immunohistochemical expression patterns of PDCD4 (reduced nuclear staining pattern) and TIMP3 (downregulated expression) were significantly associated with both the upregulated miR-21 expression (P<0.05) and the poor survival of the patients (P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively). Our data suggest that an overexpression of miRNA-21 is, therefore, associated with the biological behavior of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma via the downregulation of the expression of tumor suppressors, PDCD4 and TIMP3, thus resulting in tumor progression and the adverse clinical course of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. © 2012 USCAP, Inc. All rights reserved.
Onuma K.,Kitasato University |
Urabe K.,Kitasato University |
Naruse K.,Kitasato University |
Uchida K.,Kitasato University |
Itoman M.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research | Year: 2012
Background: Although several types of culture medium have been used for preservation of osteochondral allografts, the viability of chondrocytes decreases with increasing storage duration. We previously showed the University of Wisconsin solution is more suitable for graft preservation than culture medium. Questions/purposes: We determined whether the addition of allogenic serum to University of Wisconsin solution increases chondrocyte survival during prolonged storage of osteochondral allografts. Methods: Osteochondral tissue samples harvested from the distal femora of rats were preserved in University of Wisconsin solution supplemented with 0%, 1%, 10%, and 50% allogenic serum at 4°C for 14 days. Cell viability and chondrocyte degenerative changes of the samples then were assessed using a tetrazolium assay and histologic methods. We also evaluated time-dependent changes in cell viability and histologic findings of samples preserved for 7, 14, and 21 days in University of Wisconsin solution supplemented with or without 10% allogenic serum. Results: After 14 days of preservation, osteochondral tissue samples maintained in University of Wisconsin solution containing 10% or greater allogenic serum exhibited the highest cell viability and lowest degenerative changes in chondrocytes. In the evaluation of time-dependent changes, we found the chondrocyte degenerative changes were greater in cartilage preserved in University of Wisconsin solution alone than in University of Wisconsin solution containing 10% allogenic serum after Day 7 or later. Conclusions: Our results suggest the addition of 10% allogenic serum to University of Wisconsin solution enhances viability of osteochondral tissue samples. Clinical Relevance: The use of allogenic serum-supplemented University of Wisconsin solution is expected to prolong the duration of osteochondral allograft storage and result in higher-quality grafts. © 2011 The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.
Miyanishi K.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital
Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong) | Year: 2010
To retrospectively evaluate factors leading to total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with subchondral insufficiency fractures (SIF) of the femoral head. METHODS. 5 men and 22 women aged 51 to 85 (mean, 72) years with SIF of the femoral head initially underwent conservative treatment. THA was later performed for 13 patients, as the hip pain became worse secondary to joint space narrowing and/ or femoral head collapse. Patient demographics and radiological variables were retrieved. Risk factors leading to THA in patients with SIF of the femoral head were identified. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to determine optimal cut-off values for the significant risk factors. 2 men and 11 women aged 62 to 85 (mean, 74.9) years underwent THA and were followed up for 0.2 to 62 (mean, 13) months. The remaining 3 men and 11 women aged 51 to 81 (mean, 68) years underwent conservative treatment and were followed up for 9 to 93 (mean, 28) months. Patient age was the only risk factor for THA (p = 0.047, odds ratio = 1.13), the cutoff value being 71 years (sensitivity, 77%; specificity, 64%). The survival rate was significantly lower in patients aged 71 years or older than in those aged younger than 71 years (p < 0.05). Elderly patients with SIF of the femoral head are at higher risk of undergoing THA.
Miyanishi K.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital
Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong) | Year: 2010
To assess factors that influence 4-year mortality following hip fracture surgery in a Japanese population. Records of 129 hips in 24 men and 103 women aged 50 to 103 (mean, 79) years who underwent surgery for femoral neck or trochanteric fractures were reviewed. Clinical data reviewed included age, gender, body mass index (BMI), side of fracture, fracture type, fracture stability, surgery type, interval from admission to surgery, length of hospital stay, number of pre-fracture comorbidities, pre-fracture ambulatory level, pre-fracture place of residence, preoperative dementia, preoperative skeletal traction, blood haemoglobin level, serum albumin level, number of postoperative complications, and postoperative delirium. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the relative contribution of the variables to mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify optimal cut-off levels. The 4-year mortality was 48%. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that serum albumin level (p = 0.0004, odds ratio [OR] = 5.8541) and BMI (p = 0.0192, OR = 1.1693) significantly influenced mortality; the cut-off points were 36 g/l and 18.9 kg/m square, respectively, based on the ROC curves. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that survival rates were significantly worse in patients with values below these cut-off points. Serum albumin level and BMI on admission are predictive of mortality after hip fracture surgery.
Shida Y.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Shida C.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Hiratsuka N.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Kaji K.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital |
Ogata J.,Kyushu Rosai Hospital
Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology | Year: 2012
BACKGROUND: Volatile anesthetics attenuate medium-frequency (250 to 500 Hz) pulse train transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) better than propofol. High-frequency (1000 Hz) TES may restore hand MEP amplitude under volatile anesthesia, but its effect on leg MEPs critical for spine surgery monitoring is unknown. METHODS: The effects of sevoflurane and propofol and modulation of the stimulation frequencies on MEPs elicited by TES in the anterior tibial, abductor hallucis, and abductor pollicic brevis muscles were investigated in 31 patients undergoing spine surgery. MEPs elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation were also obtained before the surgeries and compared with the TES MEPs. RESULTS: Sevoflurane attenuated the MEP amplitudes significantly. The MEP amplitudes increased with the TES frequency in the case of the arms, but not the legs, under sevoflurane anesthesia. The MEPs recorded under propofol anesthesia did not differ from those elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation before the surgery (control). CONCLUSIONS: Sevoflurane is inadvisable for MEP monitoring in the legs during spine surgery as modulation of the TES frequency did not eliminate the suppressive effect of sevoflurane on the MEPs in the legs. Clinicians should be forewarned of the greater risk of unmonitorable MEPs, especially in the legs, under sevoflurane anesthesia. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.