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Kitakyushu, Japan

Kyushu Institute of Technology is one of the 87 national universities in Japan. Located in Fukuoka Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, it is dedicated to education and research in the fields of science and technology. It is often abbreviated to KIT and sometimes to Kyutech.The founder was Matsumoto Kenjiro, second son of Yasukawa Keiichiro, and the links with the Yaskawa Electric Corporation remain strong to this day. The centenary of the opening of the Tobata campus is being celebrated in 2009, with Founder's Day on May 28, 2009.The most famous alumnus is "Mr. Tornado", the severe storms researcher Tetsuya "Ted" Fujita. He graduated in 1943 and was an associate professor until 1953 when he was invited to the University of Chicago. Wikipedia.

Ito H.,Kyushu Institute of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control | Year: 2010

This technical note deals with the stability of cascade interconnection of integral input-to-state (iISS) time-varying systems. A new technique to construct smooth Lyapunov functions of cascaded systems is proposed. From the construction, sufficient conditions for internal stability and stability with respect to external signals are derived. One of the derived conditions is a trade-off between slower convergence of the driving system and steeper input growth of the driven system. The trade-off is no more necessary if the speed of convergence of the driven system is not radially vanishing. The results are related to trajectory-based approaches and small-gain techniques for feedback interconnection. The difference between the feedback case and the cascade case is viewed from the requirement on convergence speed of autonomous parts. © 2010 IEEE.

Watanabe S.,Kyushu Institute of Technology
Analytical chemistry | Year: 2011

Naphthalene diimide 1 bearing ferrocene and β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was prepared. Its half-wave potential at 420 mV shifted 40-50 mV upon addition of an excess of adamantylamine, suggesting that the ferrocene of 1 is included in the cavity of β-CD intramolecularly to form a pseudocyclic structure. This unique architecture is retained even where 1 is bound to calf thymus DNA to give rise to a catenane-like structure. Morphology of the DNA complex with 1 was further explored by atomic force microscopy to reveal that the DNA strand tends to bend as the amount of 1 on it increases. Presumably, intermolecular, yet intrastrand, inclusion of ferrocene into β-CD is responsible for this phenomenon. The resulting globular structure reverted partially by the addition of adamantylamine. At a low ratio of 1 to DNA, a novel reduction peak appeared at 320 mV in the differential pulse voltammograms of 1 at the expense of the 420 mV peak. The peak current of the former was proportional to the DNA concentration, thereby enabling quantitation of DNA in a signal-on way. Likewise, a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product of 754 bp was analyzed successfully with a detection limit of 13 nM.

Inoue K.,Kyushu Institute of Technology
PloS one | Year: 2010

A goal of systems biology is to analyze large-scale molecular networks including gene expressions and protein-protein interactions, revealing the relationships between network structures and their biological functions. Dividing a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network into naturally grouped parts is an essential way to investigate the relationship between topology of networks and their functions. However, clear modular decomposition is often hard due to the heterogeneous or scale-free properties of PPI networks. To address this problem, we propose a diffusion model-based spectral clustering algorithm, which analytically solves the cluster structure of PPI networks as a problem of random walks in the diffusion process in them. To cope with the heterogeneity of the networks, the power factor is introduced to adjust the diffusion matrix by weighting the transition (adjacency) matrix according to a node degree matrix. This algorithm is named adjustable diffusion matrix-based spectral clustering (ADMSC). To demonstrate the feasibility of ADMSC, we apply it to decomposition of a yeast PPI network, identifying biologically significant clusters with approximately equal size. Compared with other established algorithms, ADMSC facilitates clear and fast decomposition of PPI networks. ADMSC is proposed by introducing the power factor that adjusts the diffusion matrix to the heterogeneity of the PPI networks. ADMSC effectively partitions PPI networks into biologically significant clusters with almost equal sizes, while being very fast, robust and appealing simple.

Iiduka H.,Kyushu Institute of Technology
Mathematical Programming | Year: 2012

We discuss the variational inequality problem for a continuous operator over the fixed point set of a nonexpansive mapping. One application of this problem is a power control for a direct-sequence code-division multiple-access data network. For such a power control, each user terminal has to be able to quickly transmit at an ideal power level such that it can get a sufficient signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio and achieve the required quality of service. Iterative algorithms to solve this problem should not involve auxiliary optimization problems and complicated computations. To ensure this, we devise a fixed point optimization algorithm for the variational inequality problem and perform a convergence analysis on it. We give numerical examples of the algorithm as a power control. © 2010 Springer and Mathematical Optimization Society.

Nishida H.,Kyushu Institute of Technology
Polymer Journal | Year: 2011

The movement toward a recycling-based society through the essential development of recyclable materials alongside technologies for controlling recycling is reviewed. Recently, there has been progress in producing various polymers and technologies with the aim of achieving circulative utilization. For example, the upgrade recycling of commodity plastics, selective transformation of engineering plastics, selective depolymerization of various polymers in supercritical fluids, crosslinking-decrosslinking control using reversible reactions and developments in biomass-based recyclable polymers. Despite great strides taken in the effectiveness, efficiency and precision of these polymers and technologies, further improvements will be required to meet the practical requirements of a responsible sustainable system for the recycling of containers, packages, electric household appliances and end-of-life vehicles all of which are operated in compliance with the recycling laws of Japan. © The Society of Polymer Science, Japan (SPSJ) All rights reserved.

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