Kimitsuki T.,Kyushu Central Hospital |
Kimitsuki T.,Kyushu University
Auris Nasus Larynx | Year: 2015
Objective: Nitric oxide (NO) is a diffusible second messenger, which regulates neurotransmission, serving as the principal endothelium-derived relaxing factor. NO also acts as an ion channel modulator. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has been identified in the inner ear, although its physiological role remains unclear. In the present study, the effects of NO onto K currents in inner hair cells (IHCs) were investigated. Methods: IHCs were acutely isolated and K currents were recorded by conventional whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings. NO donors sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were applied directly to the cells. Results: In 1mM SNP solutions, the amplitude of outward K currents (IK,f and IK,s) reversely decreased; however, fast activation kinetics was preserved. In the current-voltage relationship curves, the maximal slope conductances were 53.2nS and 44.2nS in control solutions and 1mM SNP solutions, respectively. At the membrane potential of +110mV, the amplitudes of outward currents were 9.2±2.9nA in control solutions and 7.3±2.7nA in 1mM SNP solutions, showing a significant difference. Conclusion: NO acts as a K channel modulator in IHCs. A fast K current suppression may account for the high-frequency hearing impairment by the prevention of fast repolarization. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Kimitsuki T.,Kyushu Central Hospital |
Komune S.,Kyushu University
The Journal of laryngology and otology | Year: 2015
INTRODUCTION: Fibrous dysplasia is a bone disorder of unknown origin in which normal bone is replaced with fibrotic tissue and disorganised bone trabeculae. The temporal bone is rarely affected. Because of the slowly progressive course of the disease, many mild cases may never be recognised and are found incidentally. We present a patient with fibrous dysplasia of the right temporal bone, who had few complaints.OBJECTIVE: A 62-year-old man was incidentally found to have fibrous dysplasia of the temporal bone on routine computed tomography scan.METHOD: One case report.RESULTS: Computed tomography showed a thickening of the right temporal bone with a ground-glass appearance. The 62-year-old man opted for watchful waiting.CONCLUSION: We have presented an asymptomatic fibrous dysplasia of the temporal bone. Mild cases may never be recognised and are found incidentally because of their slow progression.
Furusyo N.,Kyushu University |
Ogawa E.,Kyushu University |
Nakamuta M.,Kyushu Medical Center |
Kajiwara E.,Steel Memorial Yawata Hospital |
And 10 more authors.
Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2013
Background & Aims This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of a triple therapy in older Japanese patients; telaprevir (TVR) was added to pegylated interferon α2b and ribavirin. Methods This prospective study enrolled 120 genotype 1b patients with chronic hepatitis C who received 12 weeks of triple therapy followed by a 12-week dual therapy that included pegylated interferon α2b and ribavirin. Patients were categorized according to age: group A, 64 patients aged >60 and group B, 56 patients aged ≤60. Serum HCV RNA levels were monitored by COBAS TaqMan HCV test. Results The rates of undetectable HCV RNA at week 4 (rapid virological response, RVR) were 73.4% in group A and 73.2% in group B. No significant difference in sustained virological response (SVR) was found between groups A (76.6%) and B (83.9%) (p = 0.314). The SVR rates for patients with interleukin 28B (IL28B) (rs8099917) TT allele (89.4% and 91.9% for groups A and B) were significantly higher than for those with the IL28B TG/GG allele (41.2% and 68.4%, respectively) (both p <0.05). Multivariate analysis extracted IL28B TT and RVR as independent factors associated with SVR. Adverse effects resulted in treatment discontinuation by 12.5% in each group. Hemoglobin decrease significantly differed between groups A and B: the decrease to ≥100 g/L, to 85 - <100 g/L, and to <85 g/L, was 9.4%, 40.6%, and 50% in group A patients, respectively, and 41.1%, 25%, and 33.9% in group B patients, respectively (p = 0.0006). Conclusions TVR-based triple therapy can be successfully used to treat older patients with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C. © 2013 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Yamamoto K.,Kyushu University |
Okazaki A.,Kyushu University |
Ohmori S.,Kyushu Central Hospital
Journal of Physiological Anthropology | Year: 2011
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the factors which may be associated with the metabolic syndrome by exploring the relationship between psychosocial stress, age, body mass index (BMI), C-reactive protein (CRP), lifestyle factors, and the components of the metabolic syndrome, such as glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting blood sugar (FBS), body fat percentage, and triglyceride concentration, among apparently healthy subjects. Psychosocial stress was measured by the use of the inventory to measure psychosocial stress (IMPS). One thousand four hundred and ninety-nine people out of 1,941 public school workers admitted to a hospital for a medical check-up responded to the IMPS, yielding a response rate of 77.2%. A total of 1,201 workers excluding 298 who were taking medication for various diseases were analyzed with the use of hierarchical multiple regression models. It was found that IMPS-measured stress score, age, BMI, and smoking habit were associated with an increase in glycated hemoglobin among men, while alcohol consumption was associated with a decrease in glycated hemoglobin. Stress score, age, BMI, and alcohol consumption were found to be associated with an increase in FBS among men, while smoking and exercise habits were associated with a decrease in FBS. CRP was found to be associated with an increase in body fat percentage among men, though stress score was not associated with an increase in body fat percentage. Stress score, age, and BMI were associated with an increase in triglyceride concentration among women. The findings of the present study seem to be in line with the hypothesis that psychosocial stress plays an important role in developing the metabolic syndrome, which may be associated with inflammatory processes in the vascular wall, resulting in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.
Kimitsuki T.,Kyushu Central Hospital
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2014
Two cases of a membranous band between the tympanic membrane and the external auditory canal are presented. These characteristic structures are rare, but observed in several first branchial cleft anomalies. Neither patient presented with an infection. In Case 1, an eleven-year-old girl has this structure in her right ear. In Case 2, a thirteen-year-old boy has this structure in his left ear. Both patients demonstrated slight air-bone gaps in the affected ear with a pure-tone audiometric test, due to limited vibrations of the tympanic membrane. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.