Kyungbuk College

Yeongju, South Korea

Kyungbuk College

Yeongju, South Korea
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Lee S.J.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Park J.M.,Kyungbuk College
Key Engineering Materials | Year: 2017

This study investigated the resistance of garnet fiber concrete (hereinafter, GFC) to magnesium sulfate. GFC was fabricated in various mix ratios using GA, nylon (Ny), polypropylene (PP), and others. Plain concrete without GA was also fabricated for comparison with GFC. The test pieces were soaked in 10% magnesium sulfate for up to 210 days to test their compressive strengths, sulfate deterioration factors (SDFs), and mass losses. It was observed from the test results that the compressive strength test pieces mixed with GA and Ny, which perform the pozzolanic reaction, had excellent performances under the influence of sulfate. The plain concrete underwent greater mass loss compared to the GFC test pieces. The test results showed that the GFC mixed with 10% GA and Ny was more resistant to magnesium sulfate than the GFC with PP. © 2017 Trans Tech Publications.


Lee S.J.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Park J.M.,Kyungbuk College
Key Engineering Materials | Year: 2017

This paper deals with structural behavior of highly intelligent reinforced concrete (hereinafter, HIRC) beams actuated by embedded shape memory alloy wires through an extensive experimental program. The experiments were conducted under the monotonic loading condition. Based on the structural experiments involving HIRC, load-temperature deflection curve, ductility-effective depth, recovery, crack patterns, and failure mode comparison were made for investigative purposes. The results of the experiments confirmed that the ductility, recovery rates, and other properties of the HIRC specimens reinforced with SMA, wire mesh, fiber, and admixtures were superior to those of the unreinforced RCBs. The experimental results indicate that a good recovery rate in the HIRC beams could be obtained when the SMA wires were heated. Accordingly, the SMA wires could be potentially used for structural self-rehabilitation capability and deformation monitoring in architecture and civil structures. © 2017 Trans Tech Publications.


Park J.H.,Kyungbuk College
Journal of Physical Therapy Science | Year: 2016

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the effects of mental practice on muscle activity of the upper extremity and performance of daily activities in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] In this research, mental practice was conducted by 2 chronic hemiplegic stroke patients. Mental practice was conducted 30 minutes a day, 5 times a week, for 2 weeks. Evaluation was conducted 4 times before and after intervention. Muscle activity was measured using a surface electromyogram test, and the Modified Barthel Index was used to measure changes in the ability to carry out daily activities. [Results] Both the muscle activity of the upper extremity and capability to perform daily activities showed improved outcomes after mental practice was conducted. [Conclusion] Through this research, mental practice was proven to be effective in improving the muscle activity of upper extremity and capability to perform daily activities in chronic hemiplegic stroke patients. © 2016 The Society of Physical Therapy Science.


[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the effects of task-oriented training on upper extremity function and performance of daily activities in chronic stroke patients with impaired cognition. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, 2 chronic hemiplegic stroke patients underwent task-oriented training. The training was conducted once a day for 30 minutes, 5 times/week, for 2 weeks. The patients were evaluated 3 times before and after the taskoriented training. Changes in upper extremity function were assessed using the manual function test, and changes in the ability to carry out daily activities were assessed using the functional independence measure. [Results] The patients showed improvement in both the upper extremity function and ability to perform daily activities after taskoriented training. [Conclusion] Task-oriented training was proven effective in improving upper extremity function and ability to perform daily activities in chronic hemiplegic stroke patients with impaired cognition. © 2016 The Society of Physical Therapy Science.


Park J.,Kyungbuk College
Journal of Physical Therapy Science | Year: 2016

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the effects of task-oriented training on upper extremity muscle activation in daily activities performed by chronic stoke patients. [Subjects and Methods] In this research, task-oriented training was conducted by 2 chronic hemiplegic stroke patients. Task-oriented training was conducted 5 times a week, 30 minutes per day, for 2 weeks. Evaluation was conducted 3 times before and after the intervention. The Change of muscle activation in the upper extremity was measured using a BTS FreeEMG 300. [Results] The subjects’ root mean square values for agonistic muscles for the reaching activity increased after the intervention. All subjects’ co-coordination ratios decreased after the intervention in all movements of reaching activity. [Conclusion] Through this research, task-oriented training was proven to be effective in improving the muscle activation of the upper extremity in chronic hemiplegic stroke patients. © 2016 The Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.


Park J.,Kyungbuk College
Journal of Physical Therapy Science | Year: 2015

[Purpose] The purpose of the study was to identify general characteristics of occupational therapists in Korea and to investigate the present conditions of their work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMD) in order to present preliminary data for its prevention and directions for improvement. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted by performing a survey about WRMD among 95 occupational therapists working in Korea. Frequency analysis was conducted for the work-related general characteristics of subjects and for parts of the body with musculoskeletal disorder, and a χ2 test was used to analyze the association between the presence of WRMD characteristics and each general characteristic. [Results] The parts of the body involved the most were the shoulders, hands, and neck (in decreasing order), and the work-related general characteristics shown to be associated with WRMD were the gender and the mean length of employment period. [Conclusion] The results of this study revealed that occupational therapists in Korea were extremely vulnerable to WRMD, and that realistic measures should be prepared swiftly for its prevention and treatment. © 2015 The Society of Physical Therapy Science.


Kim C.H.,Hanyang University | Jeong J.H.,Hanyang University | Bolch W.E.,University of Florida | Cho K.-W.,Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety | Hwang S.B.,Kyungbuk College
Physics in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2011

Even though the hybrid phantom embodies both the anatomic reality of voxel phantoms and the deformability of stylized phantoms, it must be voxelized to be used in a Monte Carlo code for dose calculation or some imaging simulation, which incurs the inherent limitations of voxel phantoms. In the present study, a voxel phantom named VKH-Man (Visible Korean Human-Man), was converted to a polygon-surface phantom (PSRK-Man, Polygon-Surface Reference Korean-Man), which was then adjusted to the Reference Korean data. Subsequently, the PSRK-Man polygon phantom was directly, without any voxelization process, implemented in the Geant4 Monte Carlo code for dose calculations. The calculated dose values and computation time were then compared with those of HDRK-Man (High Definition Reference Korean-Man), a corresponding voxel phantom adjusted to the same Reference Korean data from the same VKH-Man voxel phantom. Our results showed that the calculated dose values of the PSRK-Man surface phantom agreed well with those of the HDRK-Man voxel phantom. The calculation speed for the PSRK-Man polygon phantom though was 70-150 times slower than that of the HDRK-Man voxel phantom; that speed, however, could be acceptable in some applications, in that direct use of the surface phantom PSRK-Man in Geant4 does not require a separate voxelization process. Computing speed can be enhanced, in future, either by optimizing the Monte Carlo transport kernel for the polygon surfaces or by using modern computing technologies such as grid computing and general-purpose computing on graphics processing units programming. © 2011 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.


Shin D.S.,Ajou University | Park J.S.,Dongguk University | Park H.S.,Dongguk University | Hwang S.B.,Kyungbuk College | Chung M.S.,Ajou University
Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy | Year: 2012

Purpose Sectioned images of cadavers enable creation of realistic three-dimensional (3D) models. In order to build a 3D model of a structure, the structure has to be outlined in the sectioned images. The outlining process is time consuming; therefore, users want to be provided with outlined images. The more detailed structures are outlined, the greater potential for wider application of the outlined images. Methods In the Visible Korean, sectioned images (intervals 0.2 mm) of the entire body of a male cadaver were prepared. In the available 1,702 sectioned images (intervals 1 mm), 937 structures were outlined over a period of 8 years. The outlined images were altered to black-filled images for each structure; black-filled images were selected for distribution in order to maintain small file sizes. Results We attempted to determine whether black-filled images could be used in various situations. The outlines of these images were interpolated for production of new images at 0.2 mm intervals. The outlines were then filled with different colors for construction of color-filled images of all structures. Volume and surface reconstructions of the black-filled images were executed in order to build volume and surface models. Conclusion The black-filled images with corresponding sectioned images presented here are the source of realistic 3D models for use in medical simulation systems. © Springer-Verlag 2011.


Lee S.J.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Park J.M.,Kyungbuk College
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2015

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear strength and structural behavior of reinforced-concrete beams with web openings (hereinafter, "HPRWO"), where the web openings are reinforced with circular steel tubes. The experiments were conducted under the monotonic loading condition. Based on the structural experiments involving HPRWO, ultimate load ratio (d0,d0/h, etc.), ductility, load-deflection curve, and failure mode comparisons were made for evaluation purposes. This study utilized the design formula for predicting the shear strength proposed by the previous studies and formulas to determine the appropriate shear strength for HPRWO. The results of the experiments confirmed that the rigidity, ductility, and other properties of the HPRWO specimens reinforced with circular steel tubes, fiber, and admixtures were superior to those of the unreinforced HPRWOs. With Mansur's formula, a noticeable tendency for the increase in d0 and the sectional area of the web openings to lead to the overestimation of Vu/Vu,cal was found. The Vu/Vu,cal value was found to be more in line with the experiment results based on the AIJ formula compared with the results obtained using other formulas.


Cha H.-G.,Kyungbuk College | Oh D.-W.,Cheongju University
International Journal of Rehabilitation Research | Year: 2016

This study aimed to explore the effects of mirror therapy integrated with task-oriented exercise on balance function in poststroke hemiparesis. Twenty patients with poststroke hemiparesis were assigned randomly to an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG), with 10 individuals each. Participants of the EG and CG received a taskoriented exercise program with a focus on the strengthening of the lower limb and the practice of balancerelated functional tasks. An additional option for the EG was front and side wall mirrors to provide visual feedback for their own movements while performing the exercise. The program was performed for 30 min, twice a day, five times per week for 4 weeks. Outcome measures included the Berg balance scale, the timed up-and-go test, and quantitative data (balance index and dynamic limits of stability). In the EG and CG, all variables showed significant differences between pretest and post-test (P<0.05), and post-test values of all variables appeared to be significantly different between two groups (P<0.05). Furthermore, in the EG, the change values between pretest and post-test values of Berg balance scale (13.00 ± 3.20 vs. 6.60 ±4.55 scores), and timed up-and-go test (6.45 ± 3.00 vs. 3.61 ±1.84 s), balance index (2.29 ± 0.51 vs. 0.96± 0.65 scores), dynamic limits of stability (7.70± 3.83 vs. 3.70± 4.60 scores) were significantly higher than those of the CG (P<0.05). The findings suggest that a mirror therapy may be used as a beneficial therapeutic option to facilitate the effects of a task-oriented exercise on balance function of patients with poststroke hemiparesis. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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