Incheon, South Korea
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In-SookAn,Korea Institute for Skin and Clinical science | An S.,Konkuk University | Park S.,Dongduk Women's University | Lee S.N.,Kyung In Womens College | Bae S.,Konkuk University
Oncology Reports | Year: 2013

The green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a potent anti-oxidant and anticancer compound. Recently, EGCG-mediated UVB photoprotection was reported in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs); however, the molecular mechanism underlying this process remains unknown. Thus, we investigated the EGCG-specific microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in the UVB protective response in NHDFs. WST-1 assays confirmed that low doses (<50 μM) of EGCG were non-cytotoxic and capable of recovering NHDF cell viability following UVB irradiation up to 83.7% compared to the control cells. Microarray analysis identified several miRNAs that were upregulated and downregulated significantly in this UVB protective response, with downregulated miRNAs outnumbering the upregulated ones. Bioinformatic studies, including miRNA target gene prediction and gene ontology analysis, revealed that the EGCG-specific miRNAs may control genes involved in transcription regulation and inhibition of apoptosis, but not MAPK activation, in NHDFs. Therefore, these results suggest that EGCG may serve as a potential natural photoprotective agent against UVB-mediated damage in NHDFs by altering specific miRNA expression.


Shin S.E.,Ewha Womans University | Jung C.H.,Kyung in Womens College | Kim Y.P.,Ewha Womans University
Aerosol and Air Quality Research | Year: 2011

The measured mass concentrations of particulate matter less than 10 μm in diameter (PM 10) by β-ray absorption method (BAM) and gravimetric method (GMM) at Gosan, Republic of Korea have shown consistent difference. By using a gas/particle equilibrium model, positive error by the absorption of water at the filter in BAM during the measurements were quantified. The positive error occupied about 50% of the measurement difference. The contributions from the volatilization of ionic species to the difference were minor. However, this estimated water content difference could fully explain the concentration difference by the two methods. Multiple regression analysis was applied to the PM 10 mass concentration to find out the major factors that affected the concentration difference. Relative humidity, dust storm event and wind direction were identified as other major factors in addition to water absorption i.e., positive error. Still these factors could not fully account for the difference. Thus, it is advised that when using the PM 10 concentration at Gosan, a supersite in Northeast Asia, possible difference should be considered for the data till June 2008 by BAM. © Taiwan Association for Aerosol Research.


Joo D.H.,Konkuk University | Cha H.J.,Konkuk University | Kim K.,Konkuk University | Jung M.,Konkuk University | And 8 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Toxicology | Year: 2015

Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is a chemically based polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) that is readily absorbed by the skin. BaP is metabolized to BaP-diol-epoxide by cytochromes P-450 1A1/2 (CYP1A1/2) and cytochromes P-450 1B1 (CYP1B1) in the cytosol. BaP and its metabolites induce genotoxicity and cancer. Although BaP easily accumulates in melanin-containing tissues as well as other tissue types, the effects of BaP on melanocytes are not fully understood. Here, we show that 40-100 µM BaP represses melanin synthesis in B16F10 cells. The decrease of melanin contents is induced by tyrosinase activity in BaP-exposed B16F10. However, this repression of melanin synthesis is not induced by direct inhibition of tyrosinase in in vitro assay. Therefore, we show whether BaP regulated melanin synthesis-related enzyme. BaP regulates melanin synthesis by Tyr and Tyrpl expression. In addition, these genes expression is down-regulated by Mitf repressed by BaP. Importantly, the repression was provoked in the absence and presence of α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH). Therefore, we hypothesize BaP interrupts the UV protection mechanism by repressing melanin synthesis in the skin. Taken together our results have revealed new side effects that exposure of BaP abolished melanin synthesis in melanocytes. © 2015, The Korean Society of Toxicogenomics and Toxicoproteomics and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


An I.N.-S.,Konkuk University | An S.,Konkuk University | Kang S.-M.O.,Konkuk University | Choe T.-B.,Konkuk University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2012

The titrated extract of Centella asiatica (TECA) is a reconstituted mixture comprising of asiatic acid, madecassic acid, asiaticoside and madecassoside, and is used as a therapeutic agent in wound healing and also as an anti-microbial, anticancer and anti-aging agent. Although these properties and the associated cell signaling pathways have been elucidated, the cellular mechanism of anti-photoaging upon ultraviolet (UV) exposure in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs) remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the photoprotective role of TECA via microRNA (miRNA) expression profiling analysis. Low dose of TECA did not exhibit toxicity and showed a protective effect against UVB irradiation in NDHFs. miRNA microarray experiments revealed that specific miRNAs were altered by TECA stimulation in UVB-irradiated NHDFs. Functional bioinformatic analysis showed that the putative target genes of the altered miRNAs were associated with the positive regulation of cell proliferation, anti-apoptosis, small GTPase- and Ras-mediated signal transduction and activation of MAPKK. Therefore, these results suggest that TECA may serve as a potential natural chemoprotective agent against UVB-mediated damage in NHDFs through changes in the expression of specific miRNAs.


Cha H.J.,Konkuk University | Lee K.S.,Coreana Cosmetics Co. | Lee K.S.,Chungbuk National University | Lee G.T.,Coreana Cosmetics Co. | And 13 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which troxerutin protects cells against ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. First, we demonstrate that pre-treatment with troxerutin protects normal human dermal fibroblasts (nHDFs) against UVB-induced cytotoxicity. As shown by migration assay and DNA repair analysis, troxerutin increased cell migration and DNA repair activity in the nHDFs. Subsequently, we analyzed microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in the nHDFs. miRNAs are 19- to 24-nucleotide (nt) non-coding RNA molecules that regulate the translation of target genes through RNA interference. In UVB-exposed cells, miRNAs act on crucial functions, such as apoptosis and cellular senescence. miRNA expression is significantly altered during the protective process induced by phytochemicals. Therefore, understanding changes that occur in miRNA expression profiles may help to elucidate the protective mechanisms of troxerutin. We identified 11 miRNAs that were significantly (>2-fold) upregulated and 12 that were significantly downregulated (>2-fold) following treatment of the nHDFs with troxerutin. In addition, we investigated the biological functions of these miRNAs through the prediction of miRNA targets and Gene Ontology analysis of the putative targets. Overall, our findings indicate that pre-treatment with troxerutin increases the viability of UVB-exposed nHDFs through the alteration of the miRNA expression profiles.


PubMed | Catholic Kwandong University, Coreana Cosmetics Co., Korea University, Kyung In Womens College and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of molecular medicine | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which troxerutin protects cells against ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. First, we demonstrate that pre-treatment with troxerutin protects normal human dermal fibroblasts (nHDFs) against UVB-induced cytotoxicity. As shown by migration assay and DNA repair analysis, troxerutin increased cell migration and DNA repair activity in the nHDFs. Subsequently, we analyzed microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in the nHDFs. miRNAs are 19- to 24-nucleotide (nt) non-coding RNA molecules that regulate the translation of target genes through RNA interference. In UVB-exposed cells, miRNAs act on crucial functions, such as apoptosis and cellular senescence. miRNA expression is significantly altered during the protective process induced by phytochemicals. Therefore, understanding changes that occur in miRNA expression profiles may help to elucidate the protective mechanisms of troxerutin. We identified 11 miRNAs that were significantly (>2-fold) upregulated and 12 that were significantly downregulated (>2-fold) following treatment of the nHDFs with troxerutin. In addition, we investigated the biological functions of these miRNAs through the prediction of miRNA targets and Gene Ontology analysis of the putative targets. Overall, our findings indicate that pre-treatment with troxerutin increases the viability of UVB-exposed nHDFs through the alteration of the miRNA expression profiles.

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