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Seoul, South Korea

Yim J.,Kyung Hee University | Kim Y.-S.,Kyung Hee Medical Center | Cho M.-R.,East-West Center | Choue R.,Kyung Hee University
Nutrition Research and Practice | Year: 2011

The importance of dietary intake in the treatment of type 2 diabetes was emphasized. This study was performed to investigate the dietary intakes of Korean type 2 diabetes patients according to the treatment and duration of diabetes and to examine the relationships between their diet and serum lipid profiles. The subjects were 111 type 2 diabetic patients who were treated by medical nutrition therapy only, oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA), or insulin with medical nutrition therapy. Dietary intake was assessed by a registered dietitian using semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires. Comparisons according to treatment type were made using covariance analyses. General linear models identified the independent effects of the different treatments after covarying for age, duration of diabetes, and 2-way interactions. There were no significant differences in age and BMI but was in duration of diabetes according to treatment type in these subjects. Carbohydrate to energy ratio was higher in the OHA group (P < 0.05), whereas the fat to energy ratio was higher in the insulin group for males (P < 0.05). Carbohydrate (R2 = 0.24, P = 0.005) and fat (R2 = 0.26, P = 0.02) to energy ratios were independently associated with the duration of diabetes after covarying for age, sex, treatment, and 2-way interactions. The levels of triglyceride (TG; R2 = 0.32, P = 0.02) and total cholesterol (TC) were associated independently with energy intake and the carbohydrate (R2 = 0.15, P = 0.02) and fat (R2 = 0.15, P = 0.01) to energy ratios, respectively. The concern that the independent association of dietary intake with either duration of diabetes or dietary factors affects blood lipid levels could suggest that specific dietary recommendations may work better for identifiable groups of diabetes patients. © 2011 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition. Source

Lee H.-O.,Kyung Hee University | Yim J.-E.,Changwon National University | Lee J.-S.,Kyung Hee University | Kim Y.-S.,Kyung Hee Medical Center | Choue R.,Kyung Hee University
Nutrition Research and Practice | Year: 2013

Quantities as well as distributions of adipose tissue (AT) are significantly related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and can be altered with caloric restriction. This study investigated which cross-sectional slice location of AT is most strongly correlated with changes in CVD risk factors after caloric restriction in obese Korean women. Thirty-three obese pre-menopausal Korean women (32.4 ± 8.5 yrs, BMI 27.1 ± 2.3 kg/m2) participated in a 12 weeks caloric restriction program. Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were measured using computed tomography (CT) scans at the sites of L2-L3, L3-L4, and L4-L5. Fasting serum levels of glucose, insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), leptin and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were observed. Pearson's partial correlation coefficients were used to assess the relationship between AT measurement sites and changes in CVD risk factors after calorie restriction. When calories were reduced by 350 kcal/day for 12 weeks, body weight (-2.7%), body fat mass (-8.2%), and waist circumference (-5.8%) all decreased (P < 0.05). In addition, following caloric restriction, serum levels of glucose (-4.6%), TC (-6.2%), LDL-C (-5.3%), leptin (-17.6%) and HOMA-IR (-18.2%) decreased significantly (P < 0.05) as well. Changes in VAT at the level of L3-L4 were significantly greater than those at other abdominal sites, and these changes were correlated with changes in TC (P < 0.05), LDL-C (P < 0.001), SBP (P < 0.001) and HOMA-IR (P < 0.01). These results show that VAT at L3-L4 had a stronger correlation with CVD risk factors than with other AT measurement sites after caloric restriction. © 2013 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition. Source

Kim H.J.,Seoul National University | Kim J.,Seoul National University | Cho Y.J.,Kyung Hee Medical Center
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics | Year: 2011

Hip replacement arthroplasty is a very reliable and effective therapeutic modality for patients with end-stage degenerative coxarthrosis secondary to Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). Long-term results of the conventional total hip arthroplasty for patients with LCPD have been reported to be satisfactory similar to those for patients with primary arthritis. For selective patients, resurfacing arthroplasty can be performed successfully. We described special aspects of patients with LCPD in conventional total hip arthroplasty and resurfacing arthroplasty. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Chun Y.S.,Kyung Hee University | Kim K.I.,Kyung Hee University | Cho Y.J.,Kyung Hee Medical Center | Kim Y.H.,Kyung Hee University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Arthroplasty | Year: 2011

For a successful robot-assisted arthroplasty, every step should be executed harmoniously. However, when we encounter serious obstacles during surgery, it is sometimes better to abort the procedure in a timely manner. This study investigated the possible causes and patterns of aborted robot-assisted arthroplasties. Of 100 consecutively planned robot-assisted arthroplasties, 22 cases were aborted. Most involved total knee arthroplasty (21/22 cases). We classified the causes according to the stage at which they occurred and the type of error. Abortions after starting the milling procedure and abortions due to an interactive factor were the most common. We believe that this study can guide surgeons to effective decision making during robot-assisted arthroplasty. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

Yoo J.H.,Kyung Hee University | Kim K.-I.,Kyung Hee University | Yoon K.H.,Kyung Hee Medical Center
Knee | Year: 2011

A 54-year-old man visited our clinic due to a painful swelling of his right knee. He had attempted a forceful kick by his right leg during a Sepak Takraw-like sports activity, only to fail to hit the ball. He felt a popping sense on the knee and collapsed, even without direct trauma. Imaging studies revealed a disruption of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and separate avulsion fractures of the tibial tuberosity and Gerdy's tubercle. The fractures were stabilized by two cancellous screws, respectively. The intra-operative fluoroscopy demonstrated a manifest ACL insufficiency. A simultaneous reconstruction of the ligament was not performed. At 6. months after surgery, he had no difficulty in his activities of daily living. The involved knee joint was believed to have undergone a forceful pivot shift mechanism. Injuries to the ACL can be suspected from indirect signs on the radiologic images by a careful reconstitution of the injury mechanism and the associated lesions. Manifest osseous lesions on the plain radiographs can herald a major ligamentous injury and may be interpreted as an indirect sign of the ACL injury, which helps to establish a relevant management plan. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

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