PubMed | Inje University and Kyung hee Medical Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral rehabilitation | Year: 2016
Tongue function can affect both the oral and pharyngeal stages of the swallowing process, and proper tongue strength is vital for safe oropharyngeal swallowing. This trial investigated the effect of tongue-to-palate resistance training (TPRT) on tongue strength and oropharyngeal swallowing function in stroke with dysphagia patients. This trial was performed using a 4-week, two-group, pre-post-design. Participants were allocated to the experimental group (n=18) or the control group (n=17). The experimental group performed TPRT for 4weeks (5days per week) and traditional dysphagia therapy, whereas the control group performed traditional dysphagia therapy on the same schedule. Tongue strength was measured using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument. Swallowing function was measured using the videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS) and penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) based on a videofluoroscopic swallowing study. Experimental group showed more improved in the tongue strength (both anterior and posterior regions, P=0009, 0015). In addition, the experimental group showed more improved scores on the oral and pharyngeal phase of VDS (P=0029, 0007), but not on the PAS (P=0471), compared with the control group. This study demonstrated the effectiveness of TPRT in increasing tongue muscle strength and improving swallowing function in patients with post-stroke dysphagia. Therefore, we recommend TPRT as an easy and simple rehabilitation strategy for improving swallowing in patients with dysphagia.
PubMed | Inje University, Kyung hee Medical Center and Kyungdong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of physical therapy science | Year: 2016
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a structured program of resistance training for the tongue in order to improve swallowing function in stroke patients with dysphagia. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-seven stroke patients with dysphagia were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group participated in a resistance-training program involving a 1-repetition maximum, with an intensity of 80%, along with 50 repetitions per day each for the anterior and posterior regions of the tongue. Both groups received conventional therapy for dysphagia for 30min per day, 5 times per week, for 6 weeks. [Results] The experimental group showed statistically significant improvements in both, the anterior and posterior regions of the tongue. In contrast, the control group showed significant improvements only in the anterior region of the tongue. In the videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale evaluation, improvement was noted at both, the oral and pharyngeal stages in the experimental group, whereas significant improvements were only noted in the oral stage and total score in the control group. [Conclusion] Our study confirmed that tongue resistance training is an effective intervention for stroke patients with dysphagia, offering improved tongue muscle strength and overall improvement in swallowing.
PubMed | Kosin University, Inje University, Baekseok University and Kyung hee Medical Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of physical therapy science | Year: 2015
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mental practice combined with electromyogram-triggered electrical stimulation on neglect and activities of daily living in stroke patients with unilateral neglect. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-three stroke patients with unilateral neglect were recruited from a local university hospital, and were divided into two groups. The experimental group received an intervention consisting of mental practice combined with electromyogram-triggered electrical stimulation on the neglected side, while the control group received cyclic electrical stimulation at the same site. In addition, both groups received an identical intervention of conventional occupational and physical therapy. [Results] After the intervention, the experimental group showed a statistically significant improvement in the line bisection test result, star cancellation test result, and Catherine Bergego Scale scores. The control group showed a significant improvement only in the line bisection test result. [Conclusion] These data suggest that mental practice combined with electromyogram-triggered electrical stimulation is an effective, novel treatment for reducing unilateral neglect in stroke patients.
Kim H.J.,Seoul National University |
Kim J.,Seoul National University |
Cho Y.J.,Kyung Hee Medical Center
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics | Year: 2011
Hip replacement arthroplasty is a very reliable and effective therapeutic modality for patients with end-stage degenerative coxarthrosis secondary to Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). Long-term results of the conventional total hip arthroplasty for patients with LCPD have been reported to be satisfactory similar to those for patients with primary arthritis. For selective patients, resurfacing arthroplasty can be performed successfully. We described special aspects of patients with LCPD in conventional total hip arthroplasty and resurfacing arthroplasty. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Kim J.,Kyung Hee University |
Ko Y.,Kyung Hee University |
Park Y.-K.,Kyung Hee University |
Kim N.-I.,Kyung Hee Medical Center |
And 2 more authors.
Nutrition | Year: 2010
Objective: Lactoferrin, a whey milk protein after removing precipitated casein, has a prominent activity against inflammation in vitro and systemic effects on various inflammatory diseases have been suggested. The objective was to determine dietary effects of lactoferrin-enriched fermented milk on patients with acne vulgaris, an inflammatory skin condition. Methods: Patients 18 to 30 y of age were randomly assigned to ingest fermented milk with 200 mg of lactoferrin daily (n = 18, lactoferrin group) or fermented milk only (n = 18, placebo group) in a 12-wk, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Acne lesion counts and grade were assessed at monthly visits. The condition of the skin by hydration, sebum and pH, and skin surface lipids was assessed at baseline and 12 wk. Results: Acne showed improvement in the lactoferrin group by significant decreases in inflammatory lesion count by 38.6%, total lesion count by 23.1%, and acne grade by 20.3% compared with the placebo group at 12 wk. Furthermore, sebum content in the lactoferrin group was decreased by 31.1% compared with the placebo group. The amount of total skin surface lipids decreased in both groups. However, of the major lipids, amounts of triacylglycerols and free fatty acids decreased in the lactoferrin group, whereas the amount of free fatty acids decreased only in the placebo group. The decreased amount of triacylglycerols in the lactoferrin group was significantly correlated with decreases in serum content, acne lesion counts, and acne grade. No alterations in skin hydration or pH were noted in either group. Conclusion: Lactoferrin-enriched fermented milk ameliorates acne vulgaris with a selective decrease of triacylglycerols in skin surface lipids. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Lee H.-O.,Kyung Hee University |
Yim J.-E.,Changwon National University |
Lee J.-S.,Kyung Hee University |
Kim Y.-S.,Kyung Hee Medical Center |
Choue R.,Kyung Hee University
Nutrition Research and Practice | Year: 2013
Quantities as well as distributions of adipose tissue (AT) are significantly related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and can be altered with caloric restriction. This study investigated which cross-sectional slice location of AT is most strongly correlated with changes in CVD risk factors after caloric restriction in obese Korean women. Thirty-three obese pre-menopausal Korean women (32.4 ± 8.5 yrs, BMI 27.1 ± 2.3 kg/m2) participated in a 12 weeks caloric restriction program. Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were measured using computed tomography (CT) scans at the sites of L2-L3, L3-L4, and L4-L5. Fasting serum levels of glucose, insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), leptin and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were observed. Pearson's partial correlation coefficients were used to assess the relationship between AT measurement sites and changes in CVD risk factors after calorie restriction. When calories were reduced by 350 kcal/day for 12 weeks, body weight (-2.7%), body fat mass (-8.2%), and waist circumference (-5.8%) all decreased (P < 0.05). In addition, following caloric restriction, serum levels of glucose (-4.6%), TC (-6.2%), LDL-C (-5.3%), leptin (-17.6%) and HOMA-IR (-18.2%) decreased significantly (P < 0.05) as well. Changes in VAT at the level of L3-L4 were significantly greater than those at other abdominal sites, and these changes were correlated with changes in TC (P < 0.05), LDL-C (P < 0.001), SBP (P < 0.001) and HOMA-IR (P < 0.01). These results show that VAT at L3-L4 had a stronger correlation with CVD risk factors than with other AT measurement sites after caloric restriction. © 2013 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition.
Chun Y.S.,Kyung Hee University |
Kim K.I.,Kyung Hee University |
Cho Y.J.,Kyung Hee Medical Center |
Kim Y.H.,Kyung Hee University |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Arthroplasty | Year: 2011
For a successful robot-assisted arthroplasty, every step should be executed harmoniously. However, when we encounter serious obstacles during surgery, it is sometimes better to abort the procedure in a timely manner. This study investigated the possible causes and patterns of aborted robot-assisted arthroplasties. Of 100 consecutively planned robot-assisted arthroplasties, 22 cases were aborted. Most involved total knee arthroplasty (21/22 cases). We classified the causes according to the stage at which they occurred and the type of error. Abortions after starting the milling procedure and abortions due to an interactive factor were the most common. We believe that this study can guide surgeons to effective decision making during robot-assisted arthroplasty. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Yoo J.H.,Kyung Hee University |
Kim K.-I.,Kyung Hee University |
Yoon K.H.,Kyung Hee Medical Center
Knee | Year: 2011
A 54-year-old man visited our clinic due to a painful swelling of his right knee. He had attempted a forceful kick by his right leg during a Sepak Takraw-like sports activity, only to fail to hit the ball. He felt a popping sense on the knee and collapsed, even without direct trauma. Imaging studies revealed a disruption of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and separate avulsion fractures of the tibial tuberosity and Gerdy's tubercle. The fractures were stabilized by two cancellous screws, respectively. The intra-operative fluoroscopy demonstrated a manifest ACL insufficiency. A simultaneous reconstruction of the ligament was not performed. At 6. months after surgery, he had no difficulty in his activities of daily living. The involved knee joint was believed to have undergone a forceful pivot shift mechanism. Injuries to the ACL can be suspected from indirect signs on the radiologic images by a careful reconstitution of the injury mechanism and the associated lesions. Manifest osseous lesions on the plain radiographs can herald a major ligamentous injury and may be interpreted as an indirect sign of the ACL injury, which helps to establish a relevant management plan. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
PubMed | Kyung Hee Medical Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of physical therapy science | Year: 2016
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on facial muscle strength and oral function in stroke patients with facial palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Nine subjects received the electrical stimulation and traditional dysphagia therapy. Electrical stimulation was applied to stimulate each subjects facial muscles 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 4 weeks. [Results] Subjects showed significant improvement in cheek and lip strength and oral function after the intervention. [Conclusion] This study demonstrates that electrical stimulation improves facial muscle strength and oral function in stroke patients with dysphagia.
PubMed | Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Kyung Hee Medical Center and RWTH Aachen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Laboratory animals | Year: 2015
In addition to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), thioacetamide (TAA) represents a second widely used model for the induction of experimental liver fibrosis, but can also be employed for the development of acute liver failure and liver tumours. While TAA itself is not hepatotoxic, its reactive metabolites covalently bind to proteins and lipids thereby causing oxidative stress and centrilobular necrosis. Compared with CCl4, TAA leads to more periportal infiltrates and more pronounced ductal proliferation. While TAA has been shown to induce liver fibrosis development in several different mouse strains, wide variations in the administration routes, doses and treatment durations have been reported. Therefore, an adoption of a universal standard operating procedure for the administration of TAA is urgently needed. For that purpose, we are presenting here two TAA models (intraperitoneal administration of 150 mg/kg of TAA three times per week for 11 weeks in rats, and TAA administration in drinking water at 300 mg/L for 2-4 months in mice) with which we have had success in reliably and reproducibly developing chronic liver injury and fibrosis.