Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute

Seoul, South Korea

Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute

Seoul, South Korea
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Bae H.,Kyung Hee University | Kim Y.,Kyung Hee University | Lee E.,Kyung Hee University | Park S.,Kyung Hee University | And 4 more authors.
International Immunology | Year: 2013

Vitex rotundifolia L. (VR) as long been used in China and Korea in traditional medicine. This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of Vitex rotundifolia L. to prevent airway inflammation and remodeling in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced murine asthma model. The total cell number and number of inflammatory cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid were counted. The levels of cytokines in the BAL fluid and serum IgE levels were measured using an ELISA. For histological analysis, hematoxylin and eosin staining, periodic acid-Schiff staining and immunohistochemistry were evaluated. The release of total cells into the BAL fluid was significantly inhibited in OVA-induced asthmatic mice treated with VR extract. In addition, eosinophilia and lymphocytosis were reduced significantly in mice that received VR extract. Furthermore, levels of the Th2 cytokines IL-4 and IL-5 and pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α in the BAL fluid and total IgE in serum were markedly suppressed by VR extract. OVA-specific IgE in the serum and IL-13 in the BAL fluid were decreased, but not significantly. The allergic effects of VR extract were accompanied by a reduction in airway hyperresponsiveness. Additionally, morphologic findings demonstrated that VR extract substantially inhibited OVA-induced eosinophilia, goblet cell hyperplasia and smooth muscle mass production. This finding suggests that VR extract may have pharmacological effects that would be useful for the treatment of asthma via the inhibition of the Th2 response and airway remodeling. © The Japanese Society for Immunology. 2012. All rights reserved.

Ju M.S.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Lee P.,Semyung University | Kim H.G.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Lee K.Y.,Seoul National University | And 4 more authors.
Toxicology in Vitro | Year: 2010

Although the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) remains unknown, recent studies have suggested that oxidative stress (OS) and apoptosis, as a result of mitochondrial defects, may play important roles in its pathogenesis. 6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a neurotoxin commonly used in models of PD, induces selective catecholaminergic cell death, mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial defects. This study investigated the protective effect of Thuja orientalis leaves (TOFE), a well-known oriental traditional medicine, on 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and Hoechst staining showed that TOFE attenuated the cell damage caused by 6-OHDA stress. TOFE showed strong radical scavenging effects in 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2-azinobis-(3-ethyl-benzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) assays, and it reduced the intracellular ROS and extracellular nitric oxide production induced by 6-OHDA. Additionally, TOFE blocked the reduction in the mitochondrial membrane potential, the release of cytochrome c, and the activation of caspase-3. Moreover, TOFE decreased the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (pERK), which has pro-apoptotic functions. Taken together, TOFE might protect SH-SY5Y cells from 6-OHDA through the downregulation of OS and mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis, and regulation of pERK. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Park G.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Sim Y.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Lee W.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Sung S.H.,Seoul National University | And 2 more authors.
Pharmacology | Year: 2016

Aims: The water lily (WL) is found in Europe, Asia, and North America. WL reportedly has various pharmacological activities that improve the activities of daily life in humans. To our knowledge, no previous study has investigated about the aspect of protection on skin aging due to the mitochondria-mediated antiapoptosis effects of WL rhizome extract (WLRE) on human epidermal keratinocytes. Methods: Human epidermal keratinocytes cells were treated with WLRE (100, 200, and 400 μg/ml) for 1 h and then with ultraviolet radiation B (UVB) (50 mJ/cm2) for another 23 h. The levels of lactate dehydrogenase, reactive oxygen species (ROS), MitoTracker, caspase-3, and glutathione were analyzed spectrophotometrically. Also, the levels of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) family proteins were determined with immunohistochemistry or western blotting. Results: We investigated the protective effects of WLRE against UVB-induced mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. WLRE significantly and concentrations-dependently reduced UVB-induced apoptotic cytotoxicity. Furthermore, WLRE decreased ROS generation, mitochondrial dysfunction, Bcl-2-Associated X protein levels, and cytochrome c release from mitochondria while increasing Bcl-2 protein levels as assessed. Moreover, WLRE inhibited caspase-3 activity and expression, indicating the inhibition of the apoptotic cascade, and induced increased levels of total glutathione, heme oxygenase 1, and radical-scavenging activity. Conclusion: Together, these results demonstrate that WLRE can protect human epidermal keratinocytes against UVB-induced mitochondria-mediated apoptosis by regulating ROS-eliminating pathways. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Kim N.-H.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Jeong J.-S.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Kwon H.-J.,Kyung Hee University | Lee Y.-M.,Chungbuk National University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2010

We developed a simultaneous diagnostic method for phenylketonuria (PKU) and galactosemia through simultaneous determination of phenylalanine (Phe) and galactose (Gal) by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with pulsed amperometric detection (PAD). The intra- and inter-day precisions were <5.8%, with satisfactory mean recoveries (98.2-105%). For all PKU-positive samples, Phe levels were above the cut-off value (>30.0 mg/L), but Gal levels were nearly zero. For 77% of galactosemia-positive samples, Phe levels were above the cut-off value, but Gal levels were above the cut-off value (>80.0 mg/L) for all samples. Our HPLC-PAD method can reduce the false-positive rate of misdiagnosis for PKU and galactosemia. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Moon J.T.,Korea Basic Science Institute | Jeon J.Y.,Korea Basic Science Institute | Park H.A.,Korea Basic Science Institute | Noh Y.-S.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2010

3,4-Diphenyl-substituted 1H-furan-2,5-dione and 1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for the inhibitory activities on LPS-induced PGE2 production in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Both 1H-furan-2,5-dione and 1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione rings as main scaffolds were easily obtained using one of three synthetic methods. Among the compounds investigated, 1H-3-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)-4-phenyl-pyrrole-2,5-dione (6l) showed a strong inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.61 μM) of PGE2 production. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Jeon S.J.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Park H.J.,Kyung Hee University | Gao Q.,Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute | Gao Q.,Kyung Hee University | And 11 more authors.
Behavioural Brain Research | Year: 2015

Sleep loss, insomnia, is considered a sign of imbalance of physiological rhythm, which can be used as pre-clinic diagnosis of various neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study is to understand the pharmacological actions of α- or β-amyrin, natural triterpene compound, on the sleep in mice. To analyze the sleeping behavior, we used the well-known pentobarbital-induced sleeping model after single administration of either α- or β-amyrin. The sleeping onset time was remarkably decreased and duration was prolonged by β-amyrin (1, 3, or 10mg/kg) but not by α-amyrin (1, 3, or 10mg/kg). These effects were significantly blocked by GABAA receptor antagonist, bicuculline. Moreover, β-amyrin increased brain GABA level compared to the vehicle administration. Overall, the present study suggests that β-amyrin would enhance the total sleeping behavior in pentobarbital-induced sleeping model via the activation of GABAergic neurotransmitter system through GABA content in the brain. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

PubMed | Kyung Hee East West Pharmaceutical Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biomolecules & therapeutics | Year: 2013

In the present study, we investigated the effect of ethanolic extract of the seed of Zizyphus jujuba var. spinosa (EEZS) on cholinergic blockade-induced memory impairment in mice. Male ICR mice were treated with EEZS. The behavioral tests were conducted using the passive avoidance, the Y-maze, and the Morris water maze tasks. EEZS (100 or 200 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly ameliorated the scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment in our present behavioral tasks without changes of locomotor activity. The ameliorating effect of EEZS on scopolamine-induced memory impairment was significantly reversed by a sub-effective dose of MK-801 (0.0125 mg/kg, s.c.). In addition, single administration of EEZS in normal nave mouse enhanced latency time in the passive avoidance task. Western blot analysis was employed to confirm the mechanism of memory-ameliorating effect of EEZS. Administration of EEZS (200 mg/kg) increased the level of memory-related signaling molecules, including phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase or cAMP response element-binding protein in the hippocampal region. Also, the time-dependent expression level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor by the administration of EEZS was markedly increased from 3 to 9 h. These results suggest that EEZS has memory-ameliorating effect on scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment, which is mediated by the enhancement of the cholinergic neurotransmitter system, in part, via NMDA receptor signaling, and that EEZS would be useful agent against cognitive dysfunction such as Alzheimers disease.

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