Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

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Dzhunusova M.K.,Manas Kyrgyz Turkish University | Ten D.A.,REPUBLIC RESOURCES | Aubekerova N.G.,Kyrgyz National University
Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research | Year: 2013

A botanical and ecological study of locally collected material showed that wheat landraces are represented in a very wide variety of ecological and morphological forms scattered in different areas of Kyrgyzstan. In total, 60 subspecies of spring wheat belonging to 6 species are found in Kyrgyzstan. There are several ecological groups on the territory of Kyrgyzstan. The most common ecotypes, rigidum and subrigidum, are related to Iranian-Asian subspecies. At present, about 80 varieties of the Kyrgyz wheat of Kazakh breeding and breeding of the CIS countries are successfully passing the state variety test. On the basis of analyses of productivity and quality of winter and spring wheat, the following varieties were identified: Dordoi 16, Mereke 70, Kiyal (st), Suleiman, Kasiet, and Araket. Up to 35 varieties of winter soft wheat and up to 12 varieties of spring soft wheat bred domestically and abroad are tested annually and recommended for cultivation in different areas of Kyrgyzstan. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Kojobaev K.A.,Manas Kyrgyz Turkish University | Moldogazieva G.T.,National Academy of science | Totubaeva N.E.,Manas Kyrgyz Turkish University | Otorova S.T.,Naryn State University
Gornyi Zhurnal | Year: 2016

It is of the current concern to consider geo-ecological problems associated with the activities of mining companies (MC) in the Kyrgyz Republic (KR), and these issues many a time have been on the agenda of Government and Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament) of the Kyrgyz Republic and were the cause of numerous mass gatherings. It is shown that even after-effects of prospecting and geological exploration remain unhealed at the distance of 5-7 decades. Much more serious environmental problems arise in mineral mining and processing, and these problems exist usually for tens and hundreds of years after mining completion, which is exemplified by the cases of Minkush, Sumsar and Ak-Tuz deposits. According to the authors, components of high-mountain mineral mining arranged in decreasing order of the environmental impact: A) tailing; b) dumps; c) glaciers; g) other consequences of mine activities. High-precision analyzes of water samples taken in the vicinity of the large operating gold deposit Kumtor, including its tailings pond, discovers considerable pollution with many trace elements (aluminum, iron, copper, molybdenum, manganese, nickel, zinc, etc.). Waste rock dumps in Kyrgyzstan reaches enormous size, for example, in 1995- 2014, only Kumtor dumps have made more than 1.5 Bt, and the related hazard is comparable or event exceeds the hazard due to tailings ponds. The macro and micro element sampling of water from the Chon Sary-Tor Stream flowing from the waste rock dumps of the mine in 2011 showed dangerous content of toxic substances in sharply elevated concentrations: The sum of ratios of the contents of hazardous elements to their MAC was 114.45. Widely known are the environmental problems associated with glaciers and with the activities of Pascua Lama mine; the same situation takes place in the area of Kumtor mine in the Kyrgyz Republic. It is emphasized that due to the noticeable decline in the number of glaciers and their volume in the last few decades, their relative value and role increases. There are other environmental problems associated with mineral mining such as wind transportation of fine particles contaminating entire surrounding area and facilities.


Omuraliev A.S.,Manas Kyrgyz Turkish University | Rafatov R.R.,Manas Kyrgyz Turkish University
Automation and Remote Control | Year: 2011

For the singularly perturbed parabolic problem, a regularized asymptotics of the solution of the problem of optimal control was constructed. The solution asymptotics involves parabolic boundary-layer functions obeying a special function called the "complementary probability integral." © 2011 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Komissarov V.A.,Silk Road Tourism Association | Kojobaev K.A.,Manas Kyrgyz Turkish University | Dudashvili S.D.,Asia Mountains International Travel Center
Gornyi Zhurnal | Year: 2016

The article describes the enormous tourism potential of the Kyrgyz Republic (KR) with the two most developed trends of recreation and culture- And- Adventure. The recreation tourism counts for 90-95 % of the overall tourism services and is stationed at the Issyk-Kul Lake; the tourism of culture- And- Adventure rests upon the unique nature and cultural identity of highland vagrant tribes. Ecotourism has a promising outlook in KR. The tourism development in KR has four determinate stages with the intrinsic features: before the Perestroika up to 1988; initiation (cut and try period) in 1988-1994; maturation or growth in 1995-2005; decelerated advance (slowdown) from 2006 down to recent time. In the time before the Perestroika, the recreation tourism was mostly developed and operated 285 public places to accommodate 98.3 thousand people at a capacity up to 538 thousand people yearly. The beginning of the Perestroika initiated private vacation hotels and inspired two new kinds of commercial tourism- Adventure (mountain climbing) and shop- Tourism. The revolution events in KR in March 2005 and April 2010 slowed down advance of tourism. Foreign tourists to visit the Republic in 2013 totaled 3076 thousand people. The authors have analyzed the current issues connected with the tourism development, including weak national policy and legislation in the tourism branch of industry, frequent changes to the government and status of the government agency engaged in tourism, even more frequent changes to the stuff of senior officials at the state tourism agency and the absence of continuity. Among the ways of improving the situation is the initiation of a ministerial office on tourism under management of the government of the Kyrgyz Republic.


Kojobaev K.A.,Manas Kyrgyz Turkish University | Tazhibaev K.T.,National Academy of science of the Kyrgyz Republic | Tazhibaev D.K.,National Academy of science of the Kyrgyz Republic | Duisheev K.O.,National Academy of science of the Kyrgyz Republic
Gornyi Zhurnal | Year: 2016

Recommendations on complex and rational development of Kavak brown coal basin are given in the article. The main directions for processing of brown coal of Kavak basin with using effective existing technologies such as underground coal gasification, coal-water fuel production, low temperature pyrolysis. These technologies allow such commercial products from coal as coal-water fuel, energy gas and synthesis gas, and synthetic liquid fuels for reducing the energy dependence of the Republic on gas and oil fuels. It is noted that coal mining has induced certain ecological problems in the form of severe pollution of surface and partially ground water. The scope of the analysis encompasses the environmental impact of potential construction of a thermal power plant to run on Kavak coal at a capacity of 1200 MW and annual coal consumption of 3 Mt, and with sharp increase in coal production to more than 4 Mt per year. The calculation results show that the to-be thermal power plant using conventional technologies annually emit at least 5680 thou t of CO2, 11850 thou t of NOx, 227960 t of SO2, 563 t of heavy metals and more than 10 tons of radioactive elements and ashes. The resultant dumps will total hundreds of millions of tons and will also be a strong source of environmental pollution. The draw conclusion is that such an ecological load can lead to social tensions in the region and encourages to use more expensive, but more ecofriendly advanced technologies.

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