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Fujinomiya, Japan

Nakagawa T.,Northumbria University | Gotanda K.,Chiba University of Commerce | Haraguchi T.,Osaka City University | Danhara T.,Kyoto Fission Track Co. | And 14 more authors.
Quaternary Science Reviews | Year: 2012

The high potential of the varved sediments of Lake Suigetsu, central Japan, to provide a purely terrestrial radiocarbon calibration model and a chronology of palaeoclimatic changes has been widely recognised for the last two decades. However, this potential has not been fully realised since the only available long sediment core from the lake ('SG93') was extracted from a single bore hole and was therefore interrupted by gaps of unknown duration between successive core sections. In the summer of 2006, a new sediment core ('SG06') was recovered from the lake. Four separate boreholes were drilled and the parallel sets of cores recovered were found to overlap completely, without gaps between segments. This new record provides the ability to test existing atmospheric radiocarbon calibration models, as well as to assess the scale of inter-regional leads and lags in palaeoclimatic changes over the last Glacial-Interglacial cycle. Multi-disciplinary analyses from SG06 are still ongoing, but a reliable description of the sedimentary sequence needs to be provided to the wider science community before major outputs from the project are released, thereby allowing fully-informed critical evaluation of all subsequent releases of data based on the SG06 record. In this paper, we report key litho-stratigraphic information concerning the SG06 sediment core, highlighting changes in the clarity of annual laminations (varves) with depth, and possible implications for the mechanism of the climate change. We also discuss the potential of the SG06 record to meet the fundamental goals of the INQUA-INTIMATE project. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Okuno M.,Fukuoka University | Torii M.,Kumamoto Gakuen University | Yamada K.,Naruto University of Education | Shinozuka Y.,Hokkaido University | And 4 more authors.
Quaternary International | Year: 2011

Lake Ichi-no-Megata is a maar in the Oga Peninsula, which is connected with the western side of Honshu Island, NE Japan. A 37-m long sediment core (IMG06) obtained from the center of the lake contains five fine ash layers. Stratigraphic positions in the core provide ages of five ashes to be 30, 21, 17, 7.3, and 1.0 cal ka BP, respectively. These layers are correlated with Aira-Tn (AT), Daisen-Kusatanihara (D-KsP), Asama-Kusatsu (As-K), Kikai-Akahoya (K-Ah) and Baitoushan-Tomakomai (B-Tm) tephras in ascending order, based on stratigraphy and petrographic characteristics such as grain assemblages, refractive indices, and major element compositions of glass shards. Although the AT, K-Ah and B-Tm tephras have been well known as widespread tephras, this study finds that the D-KsP, As-K and K-Ah tephras have more extensive distributions than the previous studies estimated. The D-KsP and As-K tephras have the potential to become useful time-markers in and around the Sea of Japan between the AT and K-Ah tephras. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Source


Dirksen O.,Institute of Volcanology and Seismology | van den Bogaard C.,Leibniz Institute of Marine Science | Danhara T.,Kyoto Fission Track Co. | Diekmann B.,Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
Quaternary International | Year: 2011

Distal volcanic tephras in soil sections and lake sediments in the Dvuh-yurtochnoe (Two-Yurts) lake area, central Kamchatka, were investigated in order to provide a chronological framework for the reconstruction of late Quaternary landscape development. Mineralogical and geochemical data point to sources from 5 volcanoes. Ten tephra layers were identified and correlated to known eruptive events. The ages were corroborated by radiocarbon dating of the soil sections around Two-Yurts lake. These findings allow the reconstruction of regional paleoenvironmental change, recorded in the soil sections around Two-Yurts lake. During the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) time, the area was affected by glacial advances that produced the glacial moraines at the eastern outlet of the lake. A large landslide, ca. 15,000-18,000 14C BP, dammed the valley and led to formation of Two-Yurts lake. Several more landslide events can be recognized in the Holocene, and one affected Two-Yurts lake ca. 3000 14C BP. This event produced a " tsunami" , documented by poorly sorted deposits with rounded pebbles in the onshore sections around the lake. In contrast to the soil sections, tephras buried in the " soupy" lacustrine sediments of Two-Yurts lake are not well preserved and show inconsistent age-depth relationships compared to those suggested by radiocarbon dating, due to sinking through the lake sediments. Nevertheless, tephrochronological data revealed the strong impact of terrestrial landslides on lake sedimentation. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Source


Yuguchi T.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency | Amano K.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency | Tsuruta T.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency | Tsuruta T.,Kumamoto University | And 2 more authors.
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology | Year: 2011

The three-dimensional spatial variations in the cooling pattern of the Toki granitic body, a zoned pluton in Central Japan, have been evaluated quantitatively by thermochronology using cooling age determination based on the different closure temperatures for target mineral species. The Toki granite has hornblende K-Ar ages of about 74.3 ± 3.7 Ma (N = 2; closure temperature of 510 ± 25°C), biotite K-Ar ages of 78.5 ± 3.9 to 59.7 ± 1.5 Ma (N = 33; 300 ± 50°C), and zircon fission-track ages of 75.6 ± 3.3 to 52.8 ± 2.6 Ma (N = 44; 240 ± 50°C). The spatial variation in the biotite K-Ar age is similar to that in the zircon fission-track age in samples collected from 11 boreholes and seven outcrop sites in the Toki granite, indicating that cooling was effectively from the roof and also from the northwest margin. This cooling pattern shows a strong correlation with the Alumina Saturation Index (ASI) distribution of the body. Larger ASI values correspond to earlier and more rapid cooling after emplacement and smaller value to slower cooling. Toki granite was effectively cooled from the peraluminous regions where assimilation of country sedimentary rock was most extensive. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source


Smith V.C.,University of Oxford | Mark D.F.,Scottish Universities Environmental Research Center | Staff R.A.,University of Oxford | Blockley S.P.E.,Royal Holloway, University of London | And 7 more authors.
Quaternary Science Reviews | Year: 2011

The varved Suigetsu (SG06) sediment core is potentially one of the most important and well-constrained mid-latitude palaeoclimate archives, recording continuous deposition during the last ∼150 kyrs. Numerous visible and non-visible volcanic ash layers form unique age markers within SG06. These ash layers are too fine and crystal-poor to be directly dated using the 40Ar/39Ar technique so the tephra were correlated to proximal volcanic deposits using their glass shard compositions. A high-precision 40Ar/39Ar sanidine age of 10.0 ± 0.3 ka (1σ, n = 34, MSWD = 0.71, p = 0.89) was obtained for the SG06-1288 (U-Oki) proximal tephra (Ulleungdo U4). 40Ar/39Ar yields a precision of ±3% near the younger limit of the method, with improved precision possible for older SG06 samples. Such 40Ar/39Ar ages for tephra layers can provide invaluable tie-points within the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sequence, giving independent verification of the core's varve chronology, allowing for the calibration of cosmogenic nuclide production, and providing a precise chronology beyond the varve limit. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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