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Uji, Japan

Kyoto Bunkyo University is a private university in Uji, Kyoto, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1904. It was chartered as a junior college in 1960 and became a four-year college in 1996. Wikipedia.

Nagano M.,Kyoto Bunkyo University | Sasaki H.,Kyushu University | Kumagai S.,Kyushu University
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine | Year: 2010

No study has so far determined whether a favorable level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CF) contributes to a reduced risk of elevated hepatic enzymes and a high degree of liver fat in patients having various metabolic risks. This study investigated the association between the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and the prevalence of elevated liver enzymes and high liver fat, while considering such factors as abdominal obesity, hyperinsulinemia and the other metabolic risks. The study enrolled newly diagnosed Japanese patients (n = 84; 52 males and 32 females; aged 25-69 years) with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type2DM) who did not receive any intervention or pharmacological therapy. The subjects were divided into 3 groups according to the distribution of the VO2max for each sex. The odds ratios (ORs) for the prevalence of elevated aspartate and alanine aminotransferase (AST and ALT) and high degree of liver fat adjusted for age, sex, disease type, daily ethanol intake, and current smoking were significantly lower in the moderate- and high CF groups in comparison to the low CF group. In addition, a significant OR for AST was maintained in the moderate and high CF group after adjusting for abdominal obesity and/or hyperinsulinemia. The significant ORs for the prevalence of elevated ALT and a high degree of liver fat were attenuated after adjusting for abdominal obesity and/or hyperinsulinemia. No significant OR for the prevalence of elevated gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) was recognized in all logistic models. These results indicated that CF was negatively and independently associated with the prevalence of elevated AST even in Japanese diabetic patients having various metabolic risks. It was concluded that the AST level might be useful as a simple marker reflecting physical inactivity in such subjects. © Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. Source

Nagano M.,Kyoto Bunkyo University | Adachi M.,Okayama University | Kakoi C.,National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya | Kumagai S.,Kyushu University
Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine | Year: 2015

Very few studies have reported an independent association of the physical activityrelated indices with the psychological stress reaction. The present study therefore investigated the association of fitness and screentime as one of the indices of sedentary behavior with the four types of psychological stress reactions and the number of days absent from school for 249 children at a local public school and a metropolitan private school while considering confounding factors. No significant difference was observed in the fitness level of both schools; however, the rate of obesity, the screentime and the level of all psychological stress reactions were significantly worse in the public school. Further, significant differences and trends among the groups classified by fitness level were recognized in the rates of participation in after school activities, feeling of powerlessness and days of absence per year. In addition, the odds ratio of the screentime for depressive and anxiety symptoms was 1.004 (95%CI: 1.000-1.007, p=0.039), while the odds of the fitness level for high feeling of powerlessness and more than five days of absence were 1.582 (95%CI: 1.045-2.396, p=0.030) and 1.434 (95%CI: 1.045-2.396, p=0.015), respectively, after adjusting for the school type, differences in lifestyle and participation in after school activities. In conclusion, the fitness level and the screentime were associated with high psychological stress reactions and the days of absence, independent of the above-mentioned adjusting factors among the children in the present study. Prospective and interventional studies to verify these results are needed. Source

Sasamoto A.,Kyoto University | Miyata J.,Kyoto University | Kubota M.,Kyoto University | Hirao K.,Kyoto University | And 10 more authors.
Schizophrenia Bulletin | Year: 2014

Previous neuroimaging studies have revealed that both gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) are altered in several morphological aspects in schizophrenia patients. Although several studies reported associations between GM and WM alterations in restricted regions, the existence of a global association between GM and WM pathologies is unknown. Considering the wide distribution of GM morphological changes and the profound genetic background of WM abnormalities, it would be natural to postulate a global association between pathologies of GM and WM in schizophrenia. In this investigation, we studied 35 schizophrenia patients and 35 healthy control subjects using T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and investigated the association between GM thickness and WM fractional anisotropy (FA) as a proxy of pathology in each tissue. To investigate cortical thickness, surface-based analysis was used. The mean cortical thickness for the whole brain was computed for each hemisphere, and group comparisons were performed. For DTI data, mean FA for the whole brain was calculated, and group comparisons were performed. Subsequently, the correlation between mean cortical thickness and mean FA was investigated. Results showed that the mean cortical thickness was significantly thinner, and the mean FA was significantly lower in schizophrenia patients. Only in the patient group the mean cortical thickness and mean FA showed significant positive correlations in both hemispheres. This correlation remained significant even after controlling for demographic and clinical variables. Thus, our results indicate that the GM and WM pathologies of schizophrenia are intertwined at the global level. © 2013 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. All rights reserved. Source

Kawamoto N.,Kyoto Bunkyo University
Journal of the Japan Research Association for Textile End-Uses | Year: 2011

To clear the features of apparel colors preferred by young people, an experiment was done for 275 college students, i.e., 164 females and 111 male students. In the experiment, every subject classified 25 colors, which correspond to gross classification in "The Color Code for Investigation" published by Japan Color Research Institute, into three categories: usually preferred colors, occasionally preferred colors, and disliked colors. By using the data of the present experiment, the differences between preference colors of female and those of male subjects were considered. Furthermore, the present (2008-2009) data was compared to the previous (2005-2006) data obtained in the similar way, and the changes in the three years were considered. Female subjects usually preferred beige, brown, and gray range, and occasionally preferred pink, yellow, and lavender more than male subjects, and their differences were statistically significant. By using cluster analysis, the subjects were classified into three groups. It was seen that a group who especially prefers pink range was in female subjects, and a group who especially prefers blue range was in male subjects. The number of occasionally preferred colors in the present research decreased compared to that of the previous research in three years before. Preferences to intermediate hues significantly decreased. On the contrary, preferences to neutral colors and unique hues were considerably stable. © 2011 Jpn.Res.Assn.Text.End-Uses. Source

Ubukata S.,Kyoto University | Ubukata S.,Kobe University | Miyata J.,Kyoto University | Yoshizumi M.,Kyoto University | And 15 more authors.
Journal of Psychiatric Research | Year: 2013

Subjective quality of life (QOL) has been recognized as an important consideration in schizophrenia. Several symptoms and neurocognitive functions were shown to be correlated with subjective QOL; however its determinants are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the association between brain structural abnormalities and subjective QOL in patients with schizophrenia. Forty-five schizophrenia patients and 48 age, sex, and education-matched healthy participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS) was used to rate subjective QOL. We performed voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to investigate regional brain alterations. Relative to normal controls, schizophrenia patients exhibited gray matter reductions mainly in the frontal and temporal regions. Worse psychosocial subscale of SQLS was associated with gray matter (GM) reduction in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), and worse motivation/energy subscale was associated with gray matter reduction in the left superior frontal sulcus, left parahippocampal gyrus, and the left inferior temporal gyrus. The correlation between DLPFC GM volume and psychosocial subscale of SQLS disappeared after controlling for severity of psychopathology, while the other correlations remained significant when controlled by demographic and clinical variables. Combining imaging techniques with psychosocial methods would help to elucidate those factors that are associated with QOL. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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