Shapoval S.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
EasternEuropean Journal of Enterprise Technologies | Year: 2017
We proposed an improved express-method to examine structural- mechanical properties of turkey meat, based on determining the relaxation effort and penetration. Changes in elasticity and relaxation effort of chilled turkey fillet at different storage periods are characterized. The designed installation makes it possible to explore and analyze the structural and mechanical properties by the method of axial deformation in 20...30 min. with a sensitivity that allows detecting changes in the structure that are undetectable organoleptically. We described changes in elasticity and relaxation effort of chilled turkey fillet with different shelf life. It was established that organoleptically pronounced changes in the structural-mechanical properties of turkey fillet occur in 46 hours of storage. First, the relaxation slows down, the limit of elasticity is reduced, which, in the combination with the lower tensile strength of the fibers, allows us to recommend it for the formation of natural culinary products with a required shape. The proposed technique to analyze the results of relaxation and axial penetration makes it possible to draw conclusions about the structural-mechanical properties of turkey meat, the term of its storage, as well as to recommend the examined samples for a certain type of culinary treatment. The method we developed might be implemented under conditions of small-scale production or laboratories at the wholesale trade enterprises to determine quality of raw materials. © S. Shapoval, 2017.
Martynenko L.G.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics |
Komarova G.L.,University of Kharkiv |
Malichenko V.V.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Radioelectronics and Communications Systems | Year: 2016
In this paper it is obtained in zero approximation the algorithm of calculation of the force of electromagnetic wave propagation in rectangular waveguide applied to the ferrite sphere, placed into constant magnetic field by the method of physical modeling. It is researched the dependence of the force on a value of magnetic field intensity near ferromagnetic resonance. Theoretical results of the calculations were compared with experimental ones. At the resonance electromagnetic field with the power of 10W and the wave length of 3.2 cm influences on ferrite sphere with diameter of 3.55mmwith a force of 6 ± 0.5 µN. This force in enough for rotation of the suspension system of the reference ponderomotive wattmeter, fixed attached by means of braces or kerns. It allows to develop high-precision microwave wattmeters with enough mechanic strength for industrial application. © 2016, Allerton Press, Inc.
Mokrousova O.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics |
Danylkovich A.,Kiev National University of Technologies and Design |
Palamar V.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Revista de Chimie | Year: 2015
It is described in the paper that twofold decrease in consumption of chromium tanning agent may be achieved by combined use of montmorillonite modified with hydroxychromium solutions and basic chromium sulphate at the following ratio: chromium oxide (III): montmorillonite = 1:2. The semi finished item obtained exceeded reference samples by its physical-mechanical properties. The technology developed may be characterised as having better environmental efficiency and resources saving because of 3, 2-4, 6 times lower chromium oxide (III) content in the spent solution.
Sviderskyi V.,Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute |
Karavayev T.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Chemistry and Chemical Technology | Year: 2013
The results of comprehensive researches of the physico-chemical properties of kaolins as extenders of water-dispersion paints are shown in the article. The results of RF-analysis, energy state estimation of researched kaolins surface with different content of nonclay components and index ordering of the crystal structure are analyzed. Quantitative IR-analysis of basic functional groups of kaolins surface has been conducted to estimate their reactivity. ©Sviderskyi V., Karavayev T., 2013.
The contribution of national technical university of ukraine kyiv Polytechnic Institute in the preparation of scientific, production and technical personnel of the radioelectronics profile (1950-1980s)
Sukhatskyi R.P.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
CriMiCo 2013 - 2013 23rd International Crimean Conference Microwave and Telecommunication Technology, Conference Proceedings | Year: 2013
The present paper concerns the activity of Kyiv Polytechnic Institute in the area of preparation of scientific, production and technical personnel for the radioelectronic sphere. The Institute's role in the development of radioelectronics in Ukraine in 1950-1980's is determined on the basis of carried out study. © 2013 CriMiCo'2013 Organising Committee, CrSTC.
Pursky O.I.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Journal of Physical Studies | Year: 2015
The infiuence of molecular rotation on the volume dependence of thermal conductivity in liquid nitrogen was evaluated. A modified method of reduced coordinates has been used to calculate components of the isochoric heat capacity of liquid nitrogen. A difierence in the behavior of temperature dependences of the Bridgman coeficient at pre-crystallization temperatures in liquid Ar, CH4 and N2 is explained by the infiuence of rotational motion of molecules © 2015, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv. All rights reserved.
Konstantinov V.A.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences |
Sagan V.V.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences |
Revyakin V.P.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences |
Karachevtseva A.V.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences |
Pursky O.I.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Central European Journal of Physics | Year: 2014
Thermal conductivity of solid cyclopentane C5H10 has been measured at isochoric conditions in the plastic phases I and II for samples of different densities. Isochoric thermal conductivity is nearly constant in phase II and increases with temperature in phase I. Such behaviour is attributed to weakening of the translational orientational coupling which, in turn, leads to a decrease of phonon scattering on rotational excitations. The experimental data are described in terms of a modified Debye model of thermal conductivity with allowance for heat transfer by both low-frequency phonons and diffusive modes. © 2014 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.
Kudyrko L.P.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics |
Sevruk I.M.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu | Year: 2012
Purpose. To investigate the genesis of the network economy concept and theories of transnational corporations development on the basis of different methodological approach; to define theoretical base of analysis of network structures and peculiarities of their forming under globalization conditions; to reveal the main trends of the world retail trade development using the international organizations research. Methodology. The method of analysis and synthesis was used in order to investigate the actual approach to analysis of network structures and the essence of transnationalization of business in the field of international trade. A method of combination of logical and historical was used for the analysis of organizational forms of network business. A method of system generalization allowed us to define the key trends of the world retail market development. Findings. It was defined, that the network economy was formed in the process of settling of the global and informational economy. The network economy is related not only to the development of information technologies, but also to the network business forms. Network structures are widespread among transnational corporations in the field of international trade, especially in its retail sector. The world retail trade can be described by an increased interest from international operators and in the nearest years it will remain one of the most perspective trends for investing. Value and practical implementation. The article will be of interest to researches of transnational corporations in the field of international trade, especially in its retail sector and also to those, who study the reasons of expansion of these companies into the international markets and investigate the forms of network structures' organization in current conditions.
Pyatnytska G.T.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Actual Problems of Economics | Year: 2013
The article carries out the analysis of current trends in the food retail development in Ukraine. Advantages and drawbacks in the establishment and development of large retail chains at the food commodities market are determined from the perspective of various market subjects. The most probable consequences of retail globalization are defined.
Melnyk T.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics |
Golovachova O.,Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Economic Annals-XXI | Year: 2015
Introduction. Being in the regulatory field of WTO and implementing the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement with the EU, Ukraine defines foreign trade in agricultural products among the priorities of national economic development, which is fully justified due to the existing potential, and the possibility of its realization. In this context, the problem of adequate business and informational environment creating to ensure free access to foreign markets and stable trade flows of competitive products is actualized. Purpose of the article: comprehensive analysis of measures regulating foreign trade in agriculture, evaluation of state support for agriculture effectiveness in some countries of the world and suggesting directions of Ukraine's regulatory policy improving in this area. Results. Modern regulatory policy in the sphere of foreign trade in agri-food products is defined as a set of actions of the governments aimed to create preconditions for the effective implementation of business activities taking into account the factors that influence flexibility, legality, equality, transparency and balance between the interests of the state and society. It should effectively combine the task of the agrarian sector development at the national scale with the requirements of international institutions, major trends of international trade, the current state and prospects for changes in the world's food market expected conditions. Regulatory policy should include measures to ensure food security and protect the domestic market, promote export and improve its structure, as well as support domestic agricultural producers. Comparative analysis of tariff and non-tariff measures of agricultural foreign trade regulation in the US, EU, Russia and Ukraine has shown significantly higher rates of duty for agricultural products compared to non-agricultural products. Significantly lower levels of tariff protection for agri-food products in Ukraine compared to many trade partners were identified. Extensive use of non-tariff measures by developed countries under conditions of their limited use by Ukraine is taking place. Bearing in mind the issue of limited funding opportunities of Ukraine, the aforementioned fact complicates implementation of policies aimed to improve competitiveness of the national economy within the framework of full membership in the WTO. Analyzing the impact of the state support on agriculture by OECD methodology in the US, EU, Russia and Ukraine, it was concluded that Ukrainian agricultural support policy is characterized by the lack of stability and ineffective implementation of budget support programs. Export stimulation and improvement of Ukrainian products' quality and competitiveness in foreign markets can be realized through measures of foreign trade regulatory policy targeted to facilitation of access to foreign markets and improvement of producer's support, which, inter alia, includes informational, financial, institutional support and the internal market protection measures. Conclusion. The generalization of the world experience in the regulatory policy's formation and implementation followed by evaluation of its state support for agriculture, allowed developing strategic directions of Ukraine's regulatory foreign trade policy in agriculture improving, which are combined with the international treaties and national regulatory institutions and based on access to foreign markets improving, financial, institutional and informational support, protection of the agricultural domestic market, export stimulation and optimization of its sectoral and regional structure. Implementation of the proposed measures will improve regulatory policy in foreign trade and quality competitiveness of domestic agricultural products in the world markets. © Institute of Society Transformation, 2015.