Time filter

Source Type

Kowloon, Hong Kong

Introduction: The role of evoked potential (EP) in evaluating multiple sclerosis (MS) has changed with the advent of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Given the possibly varied nature and distribution of pathologic lesions in Asian MS, this study compared the diagnostic usefulness of EPs to that of MR imaging among Chinese subjects. Methods: This was a retrospective study of MS patients treated at the Kwong Wah Hospital, Hong Kong, between June 2004 and June 2009. The visual (VEPs), brainstem auditory (BAEPs), somatosensory (SEPs) and trigeminal (TSEPs) EPs were compared with MR imaging for correlation and usefulness using the chi-square test. Sensitivities and specificities were calculated. Results: The results showed that abnormalities were detected in the three modalities of EP among the 17 patients studied (VEP 82 percent, median and tibial SEP 65 percent, BAEP 47 percent). Compared with MR imaging, VEP was far more useful at detecting optic nerve lesions, while SEP was less sensitive at detecting cord lesions. BAEP was able to localise lesions along the auditory pathways at a rate that was almost similar to that of MR imaging (non-inferiority). Both TSEP and MR imaging for trigeminal nerves were negative in the two patients with trigeminal neuralgia. In some instances, EPs yielded abnormalities that were undetected by conventional MR imaging, and the sensitivity increased with the number of EP modalities. Conclusion: EP may be considered in clinical situations in which MR imaging is negative or cannot be performed. They may also be performed when evaluating treatment response, long-term prognosis and nonspecific changes on MR imaging. Source

Lau W.L.,Kwong Wah Hospital
The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research

We report an unusual case in which sonographic diagnosis of face presentation was made by translabial ultrasound examination during the first stage of labor. In a multigravida, induction of labor was performed at 39 weeks' gestation for suspected small-for-gestational age. The diagnosis of face presentation was confirmed by the use of intrapartum translabial ultrasound examination. In face presentation, the orbits and nasal bridge are shown in the center of the presenting part at the mid-sagittal plane. Emergency cesarean delivery was performed for labor dystocia. Here we discuss the merits and limitations of transabdominal, transvaginal and translabial ultrasound examinations in assisting clinical diagnosis of non-vertex malpresentation. We propose the use of intrapartum translabial scan in documentation, counseling and education in case of unusual non-vertex malpresentation. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2011 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Source

Open anatomical liver resections remain one of the most effective treatments of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and results in better recurrence-free and overall survival compared to nonanatomical resections [1]. On the other hand, laparoscopic hepatectomies for HCC have recently emerged with the benefits of reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay, and less severe wound pain [2, 3]. Classically, liver lesions considered suitable for laparoscopic resection were those small tumors (<4 cm) located over the anterior and left lateral segments [3]. However, we would like to expand the current indications and here we present our techniques of laparoscopic anatomical resection for a HCC that was located at right posteriosuperior segment 7. Our patient was a 60-year-old gentleman who had Child's A hepatitis B cirrhosis and was on entecavir. During a follow-up CT scan, a 2.6-cm segment 7 lesion with early arterial enhancement and contrast washout was noted and was subsequently confirmed with arteriogram. α-Fetoprotein was 3 ng/ml (normal < 20 ng/ml). The video demonstrates a posterior approach to laparoscopic resection of segment 7. Operative time was 510 min. Blood loss was 800 ml and no perioperative transfusion was required. Postoperative recovery was uneventful and only simple oral analgesics were required for pain control. He was discharged on postoperative day 6. Histology showed a moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma and all resection margins were clear. Subsequent follow-up CT scan 6 months after the operation showed no evidence of recurrence and α-fetoprotein level was normal. Laparoscopic hepatectomy for HCC over the right posterior segment of the liver is feasible in selected patients with favorable results in terms of wound size, postoperative recovery, and hospital stay. Maximal liver conservation was achieved in performing oncologic anatomical resection of segment 7 instead of a posterior sectionectomy. On the other hand, a posterior approach was recommended because it allowed early intrahepatic control of pedicles and identification of the right hepatic vein to guide parenchymal transection along the intersegmental plane. Source

To assess the effect of hyaluronic acid instillation after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction for improving pain, range of movement, and function of the knee. 28 men and 4 women underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction for isolated ACL rupture (partial or complete) and instability after recreational sports injury 2 to 120 months earlier. They were randomised to undergo arthroscopic ACL reconstruction followed by intra-articular viscoseal instillation (13 men and 3 women) or arthroscopic ACL reconstruction alone (15 men and 1 woman). The knee injury osteoarthritis outcome score (for pain, symptoms, activities of daily living, sport and recreation function, and quality of life), range of movement, knee circumference, and analgesic use were assessed on days -1, 1, and 2, and weeks 2, 6 and 12. Patient demographics were similar at baseline. At postoperative days 1 and 2, all subscales of the knee injury osteoarthritis outcome score (except for quality of life) were significantly higher in the viscoseal group. At weeks 2, 6, and 12, improvement in both groups equalised. Knee swelling (change in knee circumference) was significantly less in the viscoseal group at days 1 and 2 (p=0.009 and p=0.038, respectively, Mann-Whitney U test). Only one patient in the viscoseal group had a limited range of movement. No patient developed any adverse reaction. Intra-articular viscoseal instillation improved pain control and swelling 2 days after arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. Source

PURPOSE: To investigate anatomic variations of neurovascular structures in the ankle and the safety margin for arthroscopic portals. METHODS: 11 left and 12 right ankles from 8 female and 15 male fresh cadavers of Chinese ethnicity aged 53 to 88 (mean, 68) years were used. The ankle was standardised in a plantigrade position, zero-degree inversion, and neutral rotation. Four ankle portals, namely anteromedial (AM), anterolateral (AL), posteromedial (PM) and posterolateral (PL), were identified using 23-gauge needles. Skin and subcutaneous fat were dissected from the underlying fascia to visualise neurovascular structures. Distances were measured from: (1) the AM portal to the saphenous vein and nerve and its branches, (2) the AL portal to branches of the superficial peroneal nerves, of which the lateral one was labelled as the intermediate dorsal cutaneous branch and the medial one as the medial dorsal cutaneous branch, (3) the PM portal to the posterior tibial neurovascular bundles, and (4) the PL portal to the sural nerve. RESULTS: The distances from (1) the AM portal to branches of the great saphenous vein and nerve, and (2) the AL portal to the intermediate dorsal cutaneous branch of the superficial peroneal nerve were short and may be an anatomic hazard. Variations were significant among the cadavers in terms of distances of the portals to the neurovascular structures. CONCLUSION: In Chinese cadavers, variations of neurovascular structures are significant. Care must be taken to avoid inadvertent injury during ankle arthroscopy. Source

Discover hidden collaborations