Zango, Nigeria

Kwara State University
Zango, Nigeria

Kwara State University, also known as KWASU, is the 77th university to be registered by the Nigerian Universities Commission . It is the 95th university to be recognized in Nigeria.The university was Established by the administration of Dr. Bukola Saraki in 2009, and envisioned to be more than a typical university in Nigeria. It was designed to be a center for community service and entrepreneurship. In a country where the fundamental values of volunteerism and community involvement are yet to be fully embraced, The university recognises itself as a part of a community,and has the position of a Director for Community Development for the purpose of mobilizing the community, setting assessment strategies, and identifying the needs within the community so that lecturers can use their expertise to impact directly on the communities. Wikipedia.

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The study was conducted on the effects of five different forages: Albizia odoratissima, Gliricidia sepium, Leuceana leucocephalla, Spondias mombin, Ficus thonningii and Panicum maximum as control on milk composition, stages of lactation and growth rate of west African dwarf (WAD) goat kids. Twenty one WAD does with their kids were randomly allotted to treatments in a complete randomized design. The test materials had crude protein content (CP) between 14- 24%. Supplemented feed was provided at 2% body weight. The influence of diet on milk composition was significant (p<0.05) with a CP content ranging from 3.10 to 3.92%, milk fat 3.5 to 4.2%, solid-not-fat 11.7 to 13.30% and total ash (0.76-0.96%). The group of animals treated with GL + C showed the highest CP value of milk. Also, the contents of milk protein (3.00 to 3.80%), fat (3.47 to 3.88%) solid not fat (11.31 to13.24%), lactose (4.20 to 4.53%), total ash (0.64 to 0.91%) and total solid (14.83 to 17.12%) varied significantly (p<0.05) among the different stages of lactation. In contrast, the pH of milk (6.75 to 6.99) did not vary among the treatments. The weight of kids at twelve weeks of age was found to be significantly (p<0.005) different which ranged between 3.73 and 5.47kg. The kids under Panicum maximum were dying because their mothers were seriously emaciating and the milk yield could not sustain the kids. It is therefore suggested that browse plants or concentrate supplementation should be encouraged for low quality pasture like guinea grass. © IDOSI Publications, 2013.

Mau M.,Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research | Lovell J.T.,University of Texas at Austin | Corral J.M.,Coburg University of Applied Sciences | Kiefer C.,Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research | And 4 more authors.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America | Year: 2015

Asexual reproduction is expected to reduce the adaptive potential to novel or changing environmental conditions, restricting or altering the ecological niche of asexual lineages. Asexual lineages of plants and animals are typically polyploid, an attribute that may influence their genetic variation, plasticity, adaptive potential, and niche breadth. The genus Boechera (Brassicaceae) represents an ideal model to test the relative ecological and biogeographic impacts of reproductive mode and ploidy because it is composed of diploid sexual and both diploid and polyploid asexual (i.e., apomictic) lineages. Here, we demonstrate a strong association between a transcriptionally conserved allele and apomictic seed formation. We then use this allele as a proxy apomixis marker in 1,649 accessions to demonstrate that apomixis is likely to be a common feature across the Boechera phylogeny. Phylogeographic analyses of these data demonstrate (i) species-specific niche differentiation in sexuals, (ii) extensive niche conservation between differing reproductive modes of the same species, (iii) ploidy-specific niche differentiation within and among species, and (iv) occasional niche drift between apomicts and their sexual ancestors. We conclude that ploidy is a substantially stronger and more common driver of niche divergence within and across Boechera species although variation in both traits may not necessarily lead to niche evolution on the species scale. © 2015, National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Oyewumi K.J.,Kwara State University | Oyewumi K.J.,University Abomey Calavi
International Journal of Theoretical Physics | Year: 2010

The dynamical symmetries of the Kratzer-type molecular potentials (generalized Kratzer molecular potentials) are studied by using the factorization method. The creation and annihilation (ladder) operators for the radial eigenfunctions satisfying quantum dynamical algebra SU(1,1) are established. Factorization method is a very simple method of calculating the matrix elements from these ladder operators. The matrix elements of different functions of r, rd/dr their sum Γ1 and difference Γ2 are evaluated in a closed form. The exact bound state energy eigenvalues En,ℓ and matrix elements of r, rd/dr, their sum Γ1 and difference Γ2 are calculated for various values of n and ℓ quantum numbers for CO and NO diatomic molecules for the two potentials. The results obtained are in very good agreement with those obtained by other methods. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.

Abubakar A.,Kwara State University
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2012

Background: Students are pivotal to manpower development and technological advancement of any nation. Nigerian nation was recently ranked third human immunodeiciency virus (HIV) most endemic nation in the world Aim: The study was designed to determine the frequency of HIV infection among Nigerian tertiary and secondary institution students. Materials and Methods: A HIV screening test was conducted on 1,978 apparently healthy students composed of 981 males and 997 females aged 11-35 years, randomly selected from some Nigerian tertiary and secondary institutions Results: Overall, the sero-prevalence rate of 13.7% was recorded consisting 9.9% in the tertiary and 3.8% in secondary institutions. The distribution of the infection showed no signiicant difference by age (χ 2=1.07, P>0.05) and by gender (χ 2=0.85, P>0.05). Also, the prevalence had no signiicant association with the settlement of students (χ 2=0.96, P>0.05) and the status of educational institutions (χ 2=1.42, P>0.05). Conclusion: The indings indicate a high HIV prevalence rate among students in this part of the globe. General behavioral changes about sex among the students are suggested.

With the growing amount of research on the use of technology, especially the mobile phones, the paucity of research in the area of mobile phone use that focus on the reasons why students use their mobile phones during lecture periods is somewhat surprising. Findings from the previous studies have documented that students continue to use their mobile phones during lecture periods even in classes where its use is banned. Thus, the motives that determine students' continued intention to use their mobile phones during lecture periods becomes an important issue that deserves urgent attention from researchers and education policymakers. In the present investigation, we tried to fill this gap by examining the determinants of students' continuance use of mobile phones during lecture periods. To achieve this, three stages of instrument development (item generation, scale development, and instrument testing) were undertaken through two studies. The results of the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the existence of six dimensions in the proposed measurement instrument (which we referred to as gravitating towards mobile phone (GoToMP)); the dimensions are boredom, class-related use, social connection, emergency, addiction, and perceived behavioral control. The combined findings from the two studies reported here provide initial evidence that GoToMP exhibits excellent psychometric properties and can be used in future empirical research on mobile phone use behaviors of students. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Abubakar A.A.,Kwara State University
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2012

Background: CD4 lymphocyte cells are often used as prognostic markers for monitoring the progression of immunosupression such as HIV infection. Aim: This study was conducted to assess the distribution of CD4 lymphocytes among apparently healthy human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seronegative and seropositive populations in a Nigerian state. Materials and Methods: A total of 1520 apparently healthy subjects aged 18-64 years, composed of 800 males and 720 females attending some selected health institutions in the state, participated in the study. Ten milliliters of blood was collected from each subject; 5 ml of this was used for HIV antibodies sero-typing while the remaining 5 ml was anticoagulated and used for CD4 lymphocytes level determination. Only samples tested positive both with Capillus and Determine HIV test kits were further differentiated into sero-types with a standard diagnostic HIV test kit. The CD4 lymphocyte levels of all the sample were determined; mean CD4 levels of 205.1±0.09 and 287.4±0.3 cells/μl were recorded among females seropositives and seronagatives respectively. Statistical analysis by the Student t-test showed a significant difference in the mean CD4 lymphocyte count by gender. Results: Findings showed a mean CD4 level of 311.7±1.2 cells/μl among seropositive males while 399.3±0.6 cells/μl was recorded among seronegatives (t=5.86). The study also recorded a CD4 lymphocyte range of 232-464 cells/μl among apparently healthy seronegative population in this locality. Conclusion: The findings showed a significantly higher mean CD4 lymphocyte count among adult male HIV seronegatives (χ 2=9.22) and seropositives (χ 2=15.07) than their female counterparts. Further research work using the automation technique is suggested to confirm this new range for monitoring HIV subjects on antiretroviral therapy.

Oni K.C.,Kwara State University
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America | Year: 2013

The Japanese government is playing a key role in promoting agricultural mechanization in Nigeria. Agricultural mechanization embraces the use of tools, implements and machines for agricultural land development, crop production, harvesting, preparation for storage, storage, and on-farm processing. It includes three main power sources, such as human, animal, and mechanical. The manufacture, distribution, repair, maintenance, management and utilization of agricultural tools, implements and machines underscores the supply of mechanization inputs to farmers in an efficient and effective manner. Mechanized agriculture is the process of using agricultural machinery to increase farm productivity. the process of using agricultural machinery to increase farm productivity. The cooperation of the Japanese government in helping to boost the level of agricultural mechanization practice through its journal outlet of AMA published by Shin-Norinsha Co., Ltd in Japan continues to be a significant source of improvements in these fields.

Yahya W.A.,University Of Ilorin | Oyewumi K.J.,Kwara State University
Journal of Mathematical Physics | Year: 2013

The relativistic Dirac equation with equal (trigonometric and hyperbolic) Scarf-Grosche scalar and vector potentials in 3 + 1 and 1 + 1 space-time dimension are solved by using the Nikiforov-Uvarov method. The exact energy equations and the spinor wave functions are obtained for these sets of potentials. The bound states energy are calculated numerically. Also, with appropriate transformations, solutions of the fourth potential V4 can be deduced from the solutions of the third potential V3. © 2013 American Institute of Physics.

We addressed two shortcomings in the existing studies that focused on the association between students' academic performance (SAP) and their mobile phone use behaviors (MPUB) in this study by conducting a self-report, student-based cross-sectional study in two Nigerian universities between February and March 2014. We collected the data for the study from 286 students in the two universities using a convenience-based sampling approach. The data were analyzed using fsQCA version 2.0 and hierarchical linear (blocked) regression (HLR). The HLR results reveal that time spent calling on phone was the only significant predictor of SAP out of the seven MPUB variables (addiction, distraction, dependence, multitasking, time spent calling, time spent using social networking sites and perception on the effect of MPUB on SAP) considered. It further revealed that students' hours of study per day explains more of the variations in SAP than their MPUB. More so, none of the MPUB variables individually meets the minimum consistency score of.85, indicating that no single MPUB variable is by itself sufficient to influence SAP. However, implementing the MPUB variables as a configuration reveals that there are three pathways to attaining high academic achievements. The major finding of the present study suggests that combining several MPUB variables may be more effective than focusing on individual MPUB variables when investigating the relationship between SAP and their MPUB. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

One of the key issues plaguing the existing studies on the use of the social networking sites (SNSs) is the lack of a uniform index for measuring the time spent on the sites. The present investigation tries to fill this gap by conceptualizing, developing, and validating a new construct, which we referred to as social networking time use scale (SONTUS). To achieve this, two separate studies were conducted. The data for the first study was collected from 2049 individuals through quota sampling approach. Meanwhile, in this first study, we used exploratory factor analysis to identify the dimension of the SONTUS construct. Findings from this study reveal that SONTUS has five factors with good measurement properties. The main aim of the second study (where we utilized data from 1808 people) is to carry out a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and tests three hypothesized models. In addition, it aims to investigate the construct validity of SONTUS; and to achieve this, we used 10 personality and well-being measures, and two theoretically related constructs to SONTUS. The CFA results showed that SONTUS has five factor solution consisting of 29 items and that the model with 5 first-order factors with 1 second-order factor is the most suitable model for the study population. Additionally, the second study provides preliminary evidence for the convergent, predictive, and incremental validity of SONTUS. Overall, the findings from our exploratory (study 1) and confirmatory (study 2) studies shows that SONTUS can be used as a standardized instrument for measuring time spent on sites. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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