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Surrey, Canada

Kwantlen Polytechnic University is a public degree-granting undergraduate polytechnic university with campuses in Surrey, Richmond, Cloverdale and Langley. KPU is one of the largest institutions by enrollment in British Columbia with a total of 20,000 students across the four locations.Prior to being granted authority as a University college in 1988, Kwantlen was founded as Kwantlen College. In 2008, the provincial government announced its intention to amend the University Act at the legislative assembly of British Columbia to make Kwantlen University College a polytechnic university. The legislation renaming the University College to University received royal assent on May 29, 2008 and KPU began operation as Kwantlen Polytechnic University on September 1, 2008.KPU became a member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada on October 24, 2008.The Globe and Mail Canadian University Report ranked KPU among the top post-secondary institution relative to enrollment across Canada, earning numerous grades in the "A to B Range" in categories such as quality of teaching and learning, career preparation, student satisfaction and information technology. Wikipedia.

Ogden R.D.,Kwantlen Polytechnic University
American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology

In recent years information about suicide with helium has spread rapidly on the Internet, in print, and even on video. Increased awareness of this suicide method means that instead of turning to a physician for aid in dying, some people will terminate their lives with this nonpharmaceutical method. Although there are many case reports of hypoxic suicide by helium inhalation, little is known about the pathophysiology of this type of death.Pathologists should know what hypoxic suicide looks like. Carefully planned, autonomous suicides present possibilities for passive, naturalistic observation of the phenomenon. This article describes a method for direct observation of suicide and reports on 2 hypoxic suicides from inhalation of helium inside a prefilled environment. Copyright © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Orban L.L.,University of Ottawa | Dastur F.N.,Kwantlen Polytechnic University
Evolutionary Psychology

The present study explores two hypotheses: a) women during early pregnancy should experience increased color discrimination ability, and b) women during early pregnancy should experience shifts in subjective preference away from images of foods that appear either unripe or spoiled. Both of these hypotheses derive from an adaptive view of pregnancy sickness that proposes the function of pregnancy sickness is to decrease the likelihood of ingestion of foods with toxins or teratogens. Changes to color discrimination could be part of a network of perceptual and physiological defenses (e.g., changes to olfaction, nausea, vomiting) that support such a function. Participants included 13 pregnant women and 18 non-pregnant women. Pregnant women scored significantly higher than non-pregnant controls on the Farnsworth-Munsell (FM) 100 Hue Test, an objective test of color discrimination, although no difference was found between groups in preferences for food images at different stages of ripeness or spoilage. These results are the first indication that changes to color discrimination may occur during early pregnancy, and is consistent with the view that pregnancy sickness may function as an adaptive defense mechanism. Source

Assfalg A.,University of Mannheim | Bernstein D.M.,Kwantlen Polytechnic University
Journal of Memory and Language

The revelation effect is a change in response behavior induced by a preceding problem-solving task. Previous studies have shown a revelation effect for faces when the problem-solving task includes attractiveness ratings of the faces. Immediately after this problem-solving task participants judged faces as more familiar than without the problem-solving task. We replicated this result in Experiment 1. Based on the discrepancy-attribution hypothesis, we predicted that a problem-solving task that excludes attractiveness ratings would not elicit a revelation effect. However, we found a reversed revelation effect with a problem-solving task that required participants to solve a puzzle of each face (Experiments 2-3). In Experiments 2 and 3, participants judged faces as . less familiar after the puzzle task. Our findings support the notion that the revelation effect may manifest as either an increase or a decrease of the experienced familiarity towards the recognition probe. However, our results contradict all current theories of the revelation effect. We discuss implications of our findings for revelation effect theories and provide a possible explanation. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.. Source

Horvath A.O.,Simon Fraser University | Del Re A.C.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Fluckiger C.,University of Bern | Symonds D.,Kwantlen Polytechnic University

This article reports on a research synthesis of the relation between alliance and the outcomes of individual psychotherapy. Included were over 200 research reports based on 190 independent data sources, covering more than 14,000 treatments. Research involving 5 or more adult participants receiving genuine (as opposed to analogue) treatments, where the author(s) referred to one of the independent variables as " alliance," " therapeutic alliance," " helping alliance," or " working alliance" were the inclusion criteria. All analyses were done using the assumptions of a random model. The overall aggregate relation between the alliance and treatment outcome (adjusted for sample size and non independence of outcome measures) was r = .275 (k = 190); the 95% confidence interval for this value was .25-30. The statistical probability associated with the aggregated relation between alliance and outcome is p < .0001. The data collected for this meta-analysis were quite variable (heterogeneous). Potential variables such as assessment perspectives (client, therapist, observer), publication source, types of assessment methods and time of assessment were explored. © 2011 American Psychological Association. Source

Fluckiger C.,University of Bern | Del Re A.C.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Wampold B.E.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Symonds D.,Kwantlen Polytechnic University | Horvath A.O.,Simon Fraser University
Journal of Counseling Psychology

Prior meta-analyses have found a moderate but robust relationship between alliance and outcome across a broad spectrum of treatments, presenting concerns, contexts, and measurements. However, there continues to be a lively debate about the therapeutic role of the alliance, particularly in treatments that are tested using randomized clinical trial (RCT) designs. The purpose of this present study was to examine whether research design, type of treatment, or author's allegiance variables, alone or in combination, moderate the relationship between alliance and outcome. Multilevel longitudinal analysis was used to investigate the following moderators of the alliance-outcome correlation: (a) research design (RCT or other), (b) use of disorder-specific manuals, (c) specificity of outcomes, (d) cognitive and/or behavioral therapy (CBT) or other types of treatments, (e) researcher allegiance, and (f) time of alliance assessment. RCT, disorder-specific manual use, specificity of primary and secondary outcomes, and CBT did not moderate the alliance-outcome correlation. Early alliance-outcome correlations were slightly higher in studies conducted by investigators with specific interest in alliance than were those in studies conducted by researchers without such an allegiance. Over the course of therapy, these initial differences disappeared. Apart from this trend, none of the variables previously proposed as potential moderators or mediators of the alliance-outcome relation, alone or in combination, were found to have a mediating impact. © 2011 American Psychological Association. Source

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