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Kumasi, Ghana

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology is a University in Kumasi, Ghana. It is the second public university established in the country as well as the second largest University in Ghana. The University has its roots in the plans of the Asantehene Agyeman Prempeh I to establish a University in Kumasi as part of his drive towards modernization of his kingdom. This plan never came to fruition due to the clash between British empire expansion and the desire for King Prempeh I to preserve his kingdom's independence.However, his younger brother and successor, King Agyeman Prempeh II, upon ascending to the Golden Stool in 1935, continued with this vision. Events in the Gold Coast in the 1940s played into his hands. First there was the establishment of the University College of the Gold Coast. Second there were the 1948 riots and the consequent Watson Commission report which recommended that a university of science be established in Kumasi. Thus, in 1949, the dream of the Prempehs became a reality when building started on what was to be called the Kumasi College of Technology.The Kumasi College of Technology offered admission to its first students to the engineering faculty in 1951 , and an Act of Parliament gave the university its legal basis as the Kumasi College of Technology in 1952. The nucleus of the college was formed from 200 teacher training students transferred from Achimota in the Greater Accra Region. The college was affiliated to the University of London. In 1961, the college was granted full university status.The main university campus, which is about seven square miles in area, is about eight miles to the east of Kumasi, the Ashanti Regional capital. Wikipedia.

Baiden B.K.,Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology | Price A.D.F.,Loughborough University
International Journal of Project Management | Year: 2011

This paper investigates the impact that integration can have on teamwork effectiveness within construction project delivery teams. The level of team integration was assessed within selected award-winning delivery teams of completed projects. A similar assessment was made of teamwork effectiveness achieved within the same project teams. The findings of this research reveal that teams with different levels of integration had the same or similar levels of teamwork effectiveness. Thus whilst integration is desirable, it is not the only requirement or condition for improved teamwork within a construction sector context. The findings suggest that the role and value of integration in project teams is unclear relative to other performance enhancing approaches. Further research is recommended to identify the factors and conditions that influence the direct impact of integration on teamwork effectiveness within the project delivery team. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and IPMA. Source

Amporfu E.,Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology
Health Economics Review | Year: 2011

The Ghanaian National Health Insurance Scheme pays providers according to the fee for service payment scheme, a method of payment that is likely to encourage inducement of care. The goal of this paper is to test for the presence of supplier induced demand among patients who received care in private, for profit, hospitals accredited to provide care to insured patients. An instrumental variable Poisson estimation was used to compare the demand curves for health care by insured outpatients in the public and private hospitals. The results showed that supplier induced demand existed in the private sector among patients within the ages 18 and 60 years. Impact on cost of care and patients' welfare is discussed. © 2011 Amporfu; licensee Springer. Source

Singh B.,Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology
European Journal of Scientific Research | Year: 2010

Breastfeeding incidence is declining in almost all parts of the world despite all its nutritional and immunological benefits. This paper presents findings of a study in which 200 mothers in Kumasi, Ashanti Region were interviewed to assess their knowledge, attitude and practices of Breast feeding at the CWC/MCHC which is based in the centre of the town. An attempt has also been made to assess the 'rooming-in' practices in our hospitals. The study shows that the prevalence of breastfeeding among the women was 100% and average duration of breastfeeding was about 18 months or longer. However, weaning was found to be done at very early ages of 2-4 months and 38.0% of mothers admitted to giving water to their babies soon after birth implying most mothers do not know what weaning actually meant. The most common weaning food used were Koko and weanimix. Besides,most common reason for early weaning were fear of adequate milk supply (56.0%) followed by breast and nipple soreness. Most mothers were found to know the importance of breast milk as being nutritious (100%), healthier for children (97%), protecting their children from disease (80.0%), promoting bonding between mother and child (99%) and being cheaper than buying supplements (81.0). However, 38.0% of mothers disagreed to the contraceptives benefits of breastfeeding. © EuroJournals Publishing, Inc. 2010. Source

Tamakloe R.Y.,Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology
Renewable Energy | Year: 2015

The main challenges in constructing microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are the identification of materials and architectures that maximize power generation and efficiency, also minimizing the cost of fabrication. In some cases aqueous cathodes have been used to provide dissolved oxygen to the electrode. An attempt. Has been made to use hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in different concentrations as substitute for ferricyanide and permanganate as catholyte in DC-MFCs. It has been found that the power generation was not significantly affected by the 20%-60% and 100% concentrations while 80% concentration exhibited higher power generation. Power densities were virtually dependent on the chemical oxygen demands (CODs) as observed to be 24.56 W/m2 for Balance substrate (7562 mg/L) against 80% H2O2. This confirms that H2O2 is a very powerful oxidizing agent between the concentrations of 70%-90%. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Ganle J.K.,Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology
BMC International Health and Human Rights | Year: 2015

Background: Muslim women are one sub-population in Ghana among whom the rate of skilled maternal health services accessibility and utilisation is very low. However, there are no studies in Ghana that explore the maternity needs and care experiences of Muslim women, and why they do not utilise maternal healthcare services at health facilities. The purpose of this paper is to explore the maternity healthcare needs and care experiences of Muslim women and the barriers to accessing and using maternal health services. Methods: Qualitative research was conducted with 94 Muslim women in three communities in northern Ghana between November 2011 and May 2012. Data were analysed using the Attride-Stirling's thematic network analysis framework. Results: Findings suggest that although Muslim women do want to receive skilled care in a health facility, they often experience difficulties with accessing and using such services. These difficulties were often conditioned by a religious obligation to maintain bodily sanctity through modest dressing and the avoidance of unlawful bodily exposure or contact with certain people including male or alien caregivers. Other related access barriers include lack of privacy, healthcare providers' insensitivity and lack of knowledge about Muslim women's religious and cultural practices, and health information that lacked the cultural and religious specificity to meet Muslim women's maternity care needs. Conclusion: Maternal healthcare services designed to meet the needs of mainstream non-Muslim Ghanaian women might lack the flexibility and responsiveness to meet the unique maternity care needs of Muslim women. Recommendations for change include cultural competence training for healthcare providers and cultural/religious matching to meet Muslim women's care needs and to enhance their care experience. © 2015 Ganle; licensee BioMed Central. Source

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