Bangalore, India
Bangalore, India
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Archana M.,Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University | D'Souza P.E.,Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University | Renuka Prasad C.,KVAFSU | Byregowda S.M.,IAH&VB
Journal of Parasitic Diseases | Year: 2016

A study was conducted to observe the prevalence of Culicoides a biting midge, important pest and prime vector for various viruses, protozoa and filarid worms. In the vicinity of 11 different farms of cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats in Bangalore rural and urban districts the flies were collected by using UV traps (Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute. ARC. LNR) connected with suction fan for the period of 1 year (2012–2013). Around 83,629 Culicoides were collected of which 77,906 (93.16 %) were female and 5,723 (6.84 %) were males and 40,120 (47.97 %) of C. imicola, 39,366 (47.07 %) C. oxystoma, 2,504 (2.99 %) C. actoni, 1,145 (1.37 %) C. peregrinus, 145 (0.17 %) C. huffi, 120 (0.16 %) C. innoxius, 90 (0.11 %) C. palpifer, 67 (0.08 %) C. anopheles, 37 (0.04 %) C. circumscriptus and 25 (0.03 %) were C. arakawae. It was observed that C. imicola and C. oxystoma were the most predominant species prevalent in Bangalore rural and urban districts of Karnataka. © 2014, Indian Society for Parasitology.

Dhanush Krishna B.,KVAFSU | Rao S.,KVAFSU | Satyanarayana M.L.,KVAFSU | Byregowda S.M.,KVAFSU | Byregowda S.M.,Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals
Indian Journal of Animal Research | Year: 2015

The aim of the study was to compare the effects of Eugenia jambolana (EJ) extract and glibenclamide on streptozotocin (STZ) induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Wistar rats were divided into four groups: untreated control (UC), untreated diabetic (UD), EJ (200 mg/kg) treated diabetic (ED) and glibenclamide (0.6 mg/kg) treated diabetic (GD) orally for 45 days. There was various evidence of hepatotoxicity, including significant increase (P<0.001) in serum transaminases activity and histopathological findings in UD rats. In ED group, cellular injury was minimal and the hepatocytes maintained a better morphology when compared to UD rats. The substantially elevated serum transaminases were restored towards normal by the extracts. Findings indicate that EJ extract may have a preventive effect on STZ induced hepatotoxicity and also has potential hepatoprotective activity when compared to GD rats. © 2014, Indian Journal of Animal Research. All Rights Reserved.

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