Kuwait City, Kuwait

Kuwait National Petroleum Company

www.knpc.com
Kuwait City, Kuwait

The Kuwait National Petroleum Company is the national oil refining company of Kuwait. Established in October 1960, KNPC handles the responsibility of oil refining, gas liquefaction, and distribution of petroleum goods within the local market. Wikipedia.


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AlMulla H.A.,Kuwait University | AlMulla H.A.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company | Albahri T.A.,Kuwait University
International Journal of Thermophysics | Year: 2017

Kinematic viscosity correlation has been developed for liquid petroleum fractions at 37.78∘C and 98.89∘C (100 and 210 ∘F) standard temperatures using a large variety of experimental data. The only required inputs are the specific gravity and the average boiling point temperature. The accuracy of the correlation was compared with several other correlations available in the literature. The proposed correlations proved to be more accurate in predicting the viscosity at 37.78∘C and 98.89∘C with average absolute deviations of 0.39 and 0.72mm2/s, respectively. Another objective was to develop a relation for the variation of viscosity with temperature to predict the viscosity of petroleum fraction at a certain temperature from the knowledge of the viscosity for the same liquid at two other temperatures. The newly developed correlation represents a wide array of temperatures from 20 ∘C to 150 ∘C and viscosities from 0.14mm2/s to 343.64mm2/s. The results have been validated with experimental data consisting of 9558 data points, yielding an overall deviation of 0.248mm2/s and R 2 of 0.998. In addition, new formulas were developed to interconvert the viscosity of petroleum fractions from one unit of measure to another based on finding the best fit for a set of experimental data from the literature with R2 as high as 1.0 for many cases. Detailed analysis showed good agreement between the predicted values and the experimental data. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Safar M.,Kuwait University | Al-Hamadi H.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company | Ebrahimi D.,Kuwait University
International Journal of Information Technology and Web Engineering | Year: 2011

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have emerged in many applications as a platform to collect data and monitor a specified area with minimal human intervention. The initial deployment of WSN sensors forms a network that consists of randomly distributed devices/nodes in a known space. Advancements have been made in low-power micro-electronic circuits, which have allowed WSN to be a feasible platform for many applications. However, there are two major concerns that govern the efficiency, availability, and functionality of the network-power consumption and fault tolerance. This paper introduces a new algorithm called Power Efficient Cluster Algorithm (PECA). The proposed algorithm reduces the power consumption required to setup the network. This is accomplished by effectively reducing the total number of radio transmission required in the network setup (deployment) phase. As a fault tolerance approach, the algorithm stores information about each node for easier recovery of the network should any node fail. The proposed algorithm is compared with the Self Organizing Sensor (SOS) algorithm; results show that PECA consumes significantly less power than SOS. Copyright © 2011, IGI Global.


Kamel J.M.,Kuwait University | Kamel J.M.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company | Yigit A.S.,Kuwait University
Journal of Sound and Vibration | Year: 2014

Rotary drilling systems equipped with drag bits or fixed cutter bits (also called PDC), used for drilling deep boreholes for the production and the exploration of oil and natural gas, often suffer from severe vibrations. These vibrations are detrimental to the bit and the drillstring causing different failures of equipment (e.g., twist-off, abrasive wear of tubulars, bit damage), and inefficiencies in the drilling operation (reduction of the rate of penetration (ROP)). Despite extensive research conducted in the last several decades, there is still a need to develop a consistent model that adequately captures all phenomena related to drillstring vibrations such as nonlinear cutting and friction forces at the bit/rock formation interface, drive system characteristics and coupling between various motions. In this work, a physically consistent nonlinear model for the axial and torsional motions of a rotating drillstring equipped with a drag bit is proposed. A more realistic cutting and contact model is used to represent bit/rock formation interaction at the bit. The dynamics of both drive systems for rotary and translational motions of the drillstring, including the hoisting system are also considered. In this model, the rotational and translational motions of the bit are obtained as a result of the overall dynamic behavior rather than prescribed functions or constants. The dynamic behavior predicted by the proposed model qualitatively agree well with field observations and published theoretical results. The effects of various operational parameters on the dynamic behavior are investigated with the objective of achieving a smooth and efficient drilling. The results show that with proper choice of operational parameters, it may be possible to minimize the effects of stick-slip and bit-bounce and increase the ROP. Therefore, it is expected that the results will help reduce the time spent in drilling process and costs incurred due to severe vibrations and consequent damage to equipment. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Kamel J.M.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company | Yigit A.,Kuwait University
Society of Petroleum Engineers - International Petroleum Technology Conference 2014, IPTC 2014: Unlocking Energy Through Innovation, Technology and Capability | Year: 2014

Rotary oil-well drilling systems supplied with drag bits are used to drill deep boreholes for the exploration and the production of oil and natural gas. Drilling systems usually suffer from severe vibrations, which occur as axial, lateral and torsional oscillations. These vibrations mostly cause failures of drill-strings, abrasive wear of tubulars, damage of the bit, reduction of the rate of penetration (ROP), and incur high costs. Despite extensive research in this area, there is still a need to develop a consistent model that adequately captures all relevant phenomena such as nonlinear cutting and friction forces at the bit/formation interface, drive system characteristics and coupling between various models of vibrations. This study presents a physically consistent nonlinear lumped-parameter model for the coupled axial and torsional motions of a rotating drill string equipped with a drag bit. An innovative cutting and contact model is used to model rock/bit interaction. The dynamics of rotary and axial drive systems including hoisting system are also considered. The equations of motion are solved numerically to carry out parametric studies. The effects of various operational parameters are investigated for achieving a smooth and efficient drilling. The proposed model appears to capture stick-slip and bit-bounce as the simulation results qualitatively agree well with field observations and published theoretical results. The rotational and axial motions of the bit are obtained as a result of the overall dynamic behavior rather than prescribed functions or constants. The results show that with a proper choice of operational parameters it is possible to minimize the effects of stick-slip and bit-bounce and to increase the ROP. Therefore, it is anticipated that the results will help reduce the time spent in drilling process and costs incurred due to severe vibrations and consequent damage to equipment. Copyright 2014, International Petroleum Technology Conference.


Hosnia H.S.,KUFPEC | Hosnia H.S.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company | Capello M.A.,Kuwait Oil Company
Proceedings - SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition | Year: 2013

The Society of Petroleum Engineers has taken bold and specific steps in promoting the skills, empowerment and network of female engineers, with several important initiatives, events and activities that position this Society as a pioneer in this area. The paper summarizes the initiatives of SPE in this area, being the first and most important professional society in the Oil and Gas sector to create opportunities for the networking, discussion and motivation of women with professional roles and responsibilities in the industry to move towards higher standards, conditions and leadership positions. Three key concepts were identified in all SPE activities related to the empowerment of women that deserve a special mention: (1) the concept of inclusion, retention and empowerment of women in the workforce being a clear business necessity, (2) the recognition of the need to train the male counterparts to embrace the increased presence of women in the workforce, and (3) the implementation of guidelines for the implementation of recruitment, succession plans and promotion strategies with a gender-balanced strategy and focus. An analysis of the characteristics of the current situation of the SPE actions in relation to the female component of the membership shows how the common denominator was found to be the industry's interest to promote the effective progression and retention of the female component towards the highest levels in technical and managerial careers, as one effective and immediate remedial action to overcome the workforce shortage and crew change challenges. Copyright 2013, Society of Petroleum Engineers.


El-Eskandarany M.S.,Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research | Shaban E.,Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research | Al-Shemmiri A.,Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research | Al-Shemmiri A.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2014

Reactive ball milling (RBM) technique was employed to synthesize ultrafine powders of MgH2, using high energy ball mill operated at room temperature under 50 bar of a hydrogen gas atmosphere. The MgH2 powders obtained after 200 h of continuous RBM time composed of β and γ phases. The powders possessed nanocrystalline characteristics with an average grain of about 10 nm in diameter. The time required for complete hydrogen absorption and desorption measured at 250 °C was 500 s and 2500 s, respectively. In order to improve the hydrogenation/dehydrogenation kinetics of as synthesized MgH2 powders, three different types of nanocatalysts (metallic Ni, Nb2O5 and (Ni)x/(Nb2O5)y) were utilized with different weight percentages and independently ball milled with the MgH2 powders for 50 h under 50 bar of a hydrogen gas atmosphere. The results showed that the prepared nanocomposite MgH2/5Ni/5Nb2O5 powders possessed superior hydrogenation/dehydrogenation characteristics, indexed by low values of activation energy for β-phase (68 kJ/mol) and γ-phase (74 kJ/mol). This nanocomposite system showed excellent hydrogenation/dehydrogenization behavior, indexed by the short time required to uptake (41 s) and release (121 s) of 5 wt% H2 at 250 °C. At this temperature the synthesized nanocomposite powders possessed excellent absorption/desorption cyclability of 180 complete cycles. No serious degradation on the hydrogen storage capacity could be detected and the system exhibited nearly constant absorption and desorption values of +5.46 and -5.46 wt% H2, respectively. © 2014 Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC.


Al Arada M.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company | Al Otaibi M.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company
NACE - International Corrosion Conference Series | Year: 2014

Existing C-0.5Mo steel equipment in hydrogen service is still a concern in industries due to its high susceptibility to hydrogen attack at elevated temperature. High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA) has been one of the major problems in petroleum and petrochemical industry because of its metal degradation phenomena. HTHA occurs in carbon and low carbon steels exposed to high partial pressure of hydrogen at elevated temperatures. Since the original Nelson Curve was published in 1949 to define the operating limits for steels used in hydrogen service to avoid HTHA, a number of research and investigation activities on HTHA have been carried out around the world.API summarized these data as API RP 941 - ”Steels for Hydrogen Service at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Plants” in 1970 and, since then, it has been widely used for material selection in hydrogen service in petroleum refining and petrochemical plants. Some of the common materials included in API RP 941 are carbon steel (CS), C-0.5Mo, 1.25Cr-0.5Mo, 1.0Cr-0.5 Mo, 2.25Cr-1.0Mo, etc. Particularly of interest are components made out of C-0.5Mo Steels whose curve has been removed from the updated API 941 and is assessed based on the CS curve. This has been done due to unfavorable service experiences of C-0.5Mo in the past. The C-0.5Mo equipment that operates above the CS curve should be either replaced or regularly inspected to detect HTHA.In one of the refineries a 10″ diameter C-0.5 Mo process gas bypass pipe in a waste heat boiler exchanger of a hydrogen production plant was found leaking and further investigations and analysis revealed that the failure took place due to long term exposure to hydrogen rich gas coming from the reformer.This paper describes the methodology adopted for detection and failure investigation of the above mentioned process gas bypass pipe, inspection for HTHA in susceptible regions and also to establish the mechanical integrity of the waste heat boiler exchanger for further service. ©2014 by NACE International.


Al Arada M.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company | Al Otaibi M.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company
NACE - International Corrosion Conference Series | Year: 2014

Existing C-0.5Mo steel equipment in hydrogen service is still a concern in industries due to its high susceptibility to hydrogen attack at elevated temperature. High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA) has been one of the major problems in petroleum and petrochemical industry because of its metal degradation phenomena. HTHA occurs in carbon and low carbon steels exposed to high partial pressure of hydrogen at elevated temperatures. Since the original Nelson Curve was published in 1949 to define the operating limits for steels used in hydrogen service to avoid HTHA, a number of research and investigation activities on HTHA have been carried out around the world. API summarized these data as API RP 9411 - "Steels for Hydrogen Service at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Plants" in 1970 and, since then, it has been widely used for material selection in hydrogen service in petroleum refining and petrochemical plants. Some of the common materials included in API RP 941 are carbon steel (CS), C-0.5Mo, 1.25Cr-0.5Mo, 1.0Cr-0.5 Mo, 2.25Cr-1.0Mo, etc. Particularly of interest are components made out of C-0.5Mo Steels whose curve has been removed from the updated API 941 and is assessed based on the CS curve. This has been done due to unfavorable service experiences of C-0.5Mo in the past. The C-0.5Mo equipment that operates above the CS curve should be either replaced or regularly inspected to detect HTHA. In one of the refineries a 10" diameter C-0.5 Mo process gas bypass pipe in a waste heat boiler exchanger of a hydrogen production plant was found leaking and further investigations and analysis revealed that the failure took place due to long term exposure to hydrogen rich gas coming from the reformer. This paper describes the methodology adopted for detection and failure investigation of the above mentioned process gas bypass pipe, inspection for HTHA in susceptible regions and also to establish the mechanical integrity of the waste heat boiler exchanger for further service. © 2014 by NACE International.


Sabapathi K.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company | Alown A.,Kuwait National Petroleum Company
Society of Petroleum Engineers - Kuwait Oil and Gas Show and Conference, KOGS 2013 | Year: 2013

Gastreating in gas industries has become more complex due to stringent product quality and emission standards established by environmental regulatory agencies. This often forces gas specialists to look for state of the art technology, alternatesolvents and innovative methods to solve the problems. Kuwait is producing associated sweet gas from North Kuwait, SouthEast Kuwait and associated Sour gas from West Kuwait. In addition, free gas produced from EPF and Dorra are sour in nature. Entire gas produced in Kuwait is processed at KNPC Mina Al-Ahmadi refinery. Gas from North and SEK are processed without sweetening. However, WestKuwait gas is sweetened at MAA and EPF &Dorra gas is sweetened at NK and Al-Zour respectively to avoid transfer of high H2S gas around the country. This leads to situation wherein H2S has to be reduced to acceptable limit as well as RSH, COS, andH2O to meet products specifications. Thus it becomes necessary to develop and implement reliable and cost effective technologies to cope with the changing consumer and environmental requirements. In response to this trend, severalnew options like molecular sieve, Amine wash, selexol, Merox, Claus Sulphur &tail gas technologies are emerging to comply with the most stringent regulations. Accordingly, based on the inlet gas compositions and product specifications, optimumoption is to be selected. This paper briefs discussed the studies /options considered in Kuwait. Copyright 2013, Society of Petroleum Engineers.


News Article | November 21, 2016
Site: marketersmedia.com

WOBURN, MA / ACCESSWIRE / November 21, 2016 / S.P.O. GLOBAL Inc. (OTC trading symbol "SPOM"), has just released its Q 3 financials on the OTC Market that reflects a tumultuous 3 months after the company received an unsolicited offer, which resulted in the potential acquirer unable to raise the sufficient finance to meet the valuation and price requested by the board of directors after discussion and valuation. Owen Dukes the CEO stated "While the Q3 results reflects the company focus on this unsolicited offer, I am pleased to inform all our shareholders that the Q4 revenue estimates will be in a different league and in excess of $80,000 , which will be a record quarter in the year 2016. Since October 2016, here are a few of the completed performance testing contracts that we have booked the revenues for. An initial contract to provide software testing services to the Kuwait National Petroleum Company that has resulted in revenues of $20,000 and further added services and revenues for 2017. In a local city, in the State of Washington, we are closing the final testing that will result in initial revenues of $22,000 plus long terms revenues for services. In the UK, we have completed the full testing for the worlds leading commercial property and real estate services adviser, that has resulted in an initial revenue of $28,000 plus further revenues for 2017. We also received renewals from a number of major customers, including Equiniti and Southampton University, and Nova Scotia Power in Canada that has resulted in revenues of more than $25,000." Owen Dukes, CEO of SPOM comments "Our business is now running full steam ahead, and I am pleased to inform all our shareholders, that we are expanding our technical sales with an additional 2 people bringing us to a 9 strong team." "Our pipeline is fantastic, especially compared to 2016, and I estimate actual revenues for 2017 of at least $400,000 which will be 150% increase over 2016." "We have also started to raise finance for the expansion of our company, and that any new investment will be based upon on a minimum of one year fixed term note before any shares will be issued for repayment. In light of this expansion the company has a legal obligation to meet the financing terms and conditions and therefore has increased it's authorized its shares on the 4th November, to 1,998,000,000 common shares." Owen Dukes CEO further stated "The value of the business can be verified by the increasing amount of contracts we are winning with major enterprises around the world, and my confidence in increasing our employees to meet this demand, will result in that all shareholders will be part of an on-going fast growing valuable software company, with a robust and scalable IP, that I am confident will be seen in the much higher share price of our company over the next 12 months." S.P.O. (SOFTWARE PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION) GLOBAL INC, is an emerging technology company that is focused on selling its unique performance testing optimization and monitoring software IP for all enterprise applications. The focus of SPO is to build the company into a major player in this exciting billion-dollar market. SPO Global purchased in December 2015 the technology company Reflective Solutions Corp. that sells its unique IP software to major enterprises in North America and Europe. The principle software products of Reflective Solutions is "Stress Tester" a robust Performance Stress testing solution for large enterprise applications and its new product "Sentinel" that is providing enterprise customers an intelligent monitoring solution 24 / 7 software as a service (SaaS). For more information on SPO Global visit: www.spoglobal.com This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial uncertainties and risks. These forward-looking statements are based upon our current expectations, estimates and projections about our business and our industry, and that reflect our beliefs and assumptions based upon information available to us at the date of this release. We caution readers that forward looking statements are predictions based on our current expectations about future events. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including but not limited to, expectations regarding the successful expansion of our product base, profitability, market acceptance of our products and new product applications, timing of new product launches, product performance, size of prospective markets, marketing strategies, success of our restructured operations and plans, our ability to generate fees or raise capital to support our business operations and plan, the sufficiency and availability of working capital, changes in economic conditions generally and in more specifically, the introduction of competing products, changes in our operating strategy or development plans, patent protection for our products and technologies, changes in economic conditions generally and in more specifically, in the markets we operate, changes in technology, legislative or regulatory changes that affect us. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statement for any reason. WOBURN, MA / ACCESSWIRE / November 21, 2016 / S.P.O. GLOBAL Inc. (OTC trading symbol "SPOM"), has just released its Q 3 financials on the OTC Market that reflects a tumultuous 3 months after the company received an unsolicited offer, which resulted in the potential acquirer unable to raise the sufficient finance to meet the valuation and price requested by the board of directors after discussion and valuation. Owen Dukes the CEO stated "While the Q3 results reflects the company focus on this unsolicited offer, I am pleased to inform all our shareholders that the Q4 revenue estimates will be in a different league and in excess of $80,000 , which will be a record quarter in the year 2016. Since October 2016, here are a few of the completed performance testing contracts that we have booked the revenues for. An initial contract to provide software testing services to the Kuwait National Petroleum Company that has resulted in revenues of $20,000 and further added services and revenues for 2017. In a local city, in the State of Washington, we are closing the final testing that will result in initial revenues of $22,000 plus long terms revenues for services. In the UK, we have completed the full testing for the worlds leading commercial property and real estate services adviser, that has resulted in an initial revenue of $28,000 plus further revenues for 2017. We also received renewals from a number of major customers, including Equiniti and Southampton University, and Nova Scotia Power in Canada that has resulted in revenues of more than $25,000." Owen Dukes, CEO of SPOM comments "Our business is now running full steam ahead, and I am pleased to inform all our shareholders, that we are expanding our technical sales with an additional 2 people bringing us to a 9 strong team." "Our pipeline is fantastic, especially compared to 2016, and I estimate actual revenues for 2017 of at least $400,000 which will be 150% increase over 2016." "We have also started to raise finance for the expansion of our company, and that any new investment will be based upon on a minimum of one year fixed term note before any shares will be issued for repayment. In light of this expansion the company has a legal obligation to meet the financing terms and conditions and therefore has increased it's authorized its shares on the 4th November, to 1,998,000,000 common shares." Owen Dukes CEO further stated "The value of the business can be verified by the increasing amount of contracts we are winning with major enterprises around the world, and my confidence in increasing our employees to meet this demand, will result in that all shareholders will be part of an on-going fast growing valuable software company, with a robust and scalable IP, that I am confident will be seen in the much higher share price of our company over the next 12 months." S.P.O. (SOFTWARE PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION) GLOBAL INC, is an emerging technology company that is focused on selling its unique performance testing optimization and monitoring software IP for all enterprise applications. The focus of SPO is to build the company into a major player in this exciting billion-dollar market. SPO Global purchased in December 2015 the technology company Reflective Solutions Corp. that sells its unique IP software to major enterprises in North America and Europe. The principle software products of Reflective Solutions is "Stress Tester" a robust Performance Stress testing solution for large enterprise applications and its new product "Sentinel" that is providing enterprise customers an intelligent monitoring solution 24 / 7 software as a service (SaaS). For more information on SPO Global visit: www.spoglobal.com This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial uncertainties and risks. These forward-looking statements are based upon our current expectations, estimates and projections about our business and our industry, and that reflect our beliefs and assumptions based upon information available to us at the date of this release. We caution readers that forward looking statements are predictions based on our current expectations about future events. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including but not limited to, expectations regarding the successful expansion of our product base, profitability, market acceptance of our products and new product applications, timing of new product launches, product performance, size of prospective markets, marketing strategies, success of our restructured operations and plans, our ability to generate fees or raise capital to support our business operations and plan, the sufficiency and availability of working capital, changes in economic conditions generally and in more specifically, the introduction of competing products, changes in our operating strategy or development plans, patent protection for our products and technologies, changes in economic conditions generally and in more specifically, in the markets we operate, changes in technology, legislative or regulatory changes that affect us. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statement for any reason.

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