Kutztown, PA, United States

Kutztown University of Pennsylvania

Kutztown, PA, United States

Kutztown University of Pennsylvania , is an American public university located in rural Kutztown, Pennsylvania and is one of fourteen schools that comprise the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education and is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, Pennsylvania Department of Education, NCATE, NLN, CSWE, NASM, and NASAD.First established in 1866, Kutztown University began as the Keystone Normal School based out of the presently-named Old Main Building and specializing in teacher education; in 1928 its name was changed to Kutztown State Teachers College. Eventually, the school expanded its programs outside of education to be christened Kutztown State College in 1960 and finally Kutztown University of Pennsylvania in 1983.Between four undergraduate colleges and graduate studies, Kutztown University now offers programs in the liberal arts and science, the visual and performing arts, business, education, and certain graduate studies. Eight intercollegiate men's sports and thirteen women's sports compete within the NCAA Division II and the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference .Recent years have seen substantial growth in the size of the university. The Academic Forum building, completed in 2007; the renovation and expansion of Sharadin Arts Building, completed in 2008, and Schaeffer Auditorium, completed in 2013; and the construction Dixon Hall, opened in 2008, mark major expansion projects recently undertaken by the university.Kutztown University is a census-designated place in Maxatawny Township just outside of the borough of Kutztown and makes up the main population of the university. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,918 residents. Wikipedia.

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Walters G.D.,Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Law and Human Behavior | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to determine (a) which of 2 dimensions of criminal thinking (proactive and/or reactive) correlates with prior substance abuse; (b) whether criminal thinking mediates the relationship between prior substance abuse and recidivism; (c) if a direct relationship exists between specific drugs of abuse and specific criminal thinking styles. First, the reconstructed Proactive (Prc) and Reactive (Rrc) Criminal Thinking scores from the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS; Walters, 1995) were correlated with a dichotomous measure of prior substance abuse and a continuous measure of the number of substances abused in a sample of 2877 male federal prisoners (age: M = 34.96, SD = 9.89, range = 18-84; race: 63.6% Black, 17.3% White, 17.6% Hispanic, 1.4% other). The results indicated that only the Rrc score correlated significantly with prior substance abuse when the effect of the alternative measure (Prc in the case of Rrc and Rrc in the case of the Prc) was controlled through partial correlations. Second, reactive criminal thinking was found to mediate the relationship between a history of prior substance abuse and subsequent recidivism in a subsample of 1101 inmates who were released from prison during a 1- to 76-month follow-up. Third, both specific (alcohol with cutoff; marijuana with cognitive indolence) and global (heroin, cocaine, and amphetamine with cutoff, cognitive indolence, and discontinuity) drug-criminal thinking correlations were obtained. These results suggest that reactive criminal thinking plays a potentially important role in the drug-crime relationship. © 2011 American Psychological Association.

Walters G.D.,Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Justice Quarterly | Year: 2015

The purpose of this study was to determine whether comorbid adolescent criminal and substance involvement (ACSI) was more predictive of adult criminal/substance involvement than adolescent criminal or substance involvement alone, and identify potential precursors and mediators of this relationship. Using data from 6502 members of the four-wave National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), it was found that ACSI at Wave 2 (ages 13–20) predicted adult criminal and substance involvement at Waves 3 (ages 18–26) and 4 (ages 24–32). In addition, antisocial cognition at Wave 3 partially mediated the relationship between ACSI at Wave 2 and criminal/substance involvement at Wave 4 and Wave 1 school problems correlated with the independent, dependent, and mediating variables. Theoretical and practical implications of this study include the role of early school problems in the development of ACSI and the significance of antisocial thinking in maintaining this involvement. © 2014 Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.

Schnell S.M.,Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Agriculture and Human Values | Year: 2013

The idea of "food miles," the distance that food has to be shipped, has entered into debates in both popular and academic circles about local eating. An oft-cited figure claims that the "average item" of food travels 1,500 miles before it reaches your plate. The source of this figure is almost never given, however, and indeed, it is a figure with surprisingly little grounding in objective research. In this study, I track the evolution of this figure, and the ways that scholars and popular writers have rhetorically employed it. I then explore the ongoing debates over food miles and local food, debates that often oversimplify the idea of local eating to a caricature. I then examine a series of in-depth interviews with community-supported agriculture members and farmers in order to bring complexity back to discussions of local food consumers. I argue that the overwhelming focus on "food miles" among scholars threatens to eclipse the multitude of other values and meanings contained in the word "local" that underlie people's decisions to "eat locally," foremost among them, a desire to reintegrate food production and consumption within the context of place. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Walters G.D.,Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Law and Human Behavior | Year: 2014

The purpose of this study was to determine whether comorbid offending and substance misuse in previously adjudicated delinquents correlated better with measures of concurrent antisocial cognition and personality and subsequent criminality and substance misuse than offending or substance misuse alone. A sample of 1,177 youths was divided into four groups based on self-reported crime and substance misuse data from Wave 4 (ages 16-21) of the Pathways to Desistance study (Mulvey, 2012): a no-crime and substance-misuse (NCS) group, a crime-only (CO) group, a substance-misuse-only (SO) group, and a crime and substance-misuse (C&S) group. As predicted, youths in the CandS group earned significantly higher scores on concurrent measures of neuroticism, grandiosity/manipulation, callousness/unemotionality, impulsivity/ irresponsibility, and moral disengagement, and significantly lower scores on measures of agreeableness, conscientiousness, impulse control, suppression of aggression, and consideration of others than did youths in the other three groups. Prospective analyses revealed that CandS participants engaged in more subsequent crime and experienced more substance-related social problems than participants in the other three groups and reported significantly more substance-related dependency symptoms and episodes of alcohol/drug treatment than participants in the NCS and CO groups. Hence, previously adjudicated youths who experienced problems with crime and substances in late adolescence/early adulthood were at increased risk for concurrent antisocial cognition and personality problems and subsequent crime and substance-misuse problems compared with participants in the other three groups. The prospective effects were found to be partially mediated by antisocial cognition in the form of moral disengagement. © 2013 American Psychological Association.

Walters G.D.,Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Journal of Adolescence | Year: 2013

One purpose of this study was to determine whether parental involvement, measured in late adolescence, mediates the relationship between delinquency in mid-adolescence and crime in early adulthood. This study's second purpose was to ascertain whether this relationship is moderated by sex, such that late adolescent parental involvement mediates the delinquency-crime relationship in females but not in males. A secondary analysis of data provided by 579 (272 males, 307 females) members of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Child (NLSYC) was conducted in an effort to evaluate the possibility of moderated mediation in the relationship between delinquency at age 16, parental involvement at age 18, and criminality at age 24. Moderated mediation analysis, path analysis, and causal mediation analysis revealed the presence of a conditional indirect relationship between delinquency, parental involvement, and adult crime moderated by sex. These results are consistent with views on cumulative disadvantage and gendered pathways to crime. © 2013 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents.

Two meta-analyses were performed on the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS: Walters, 1995) as a predictor of recidivism. Seven samples from six different studies (5 published, 1 unpublished) were included in the first meta-analysis. The results revealed a pooled mean effect size (r) of .20 for the reconstructed General Criminal Thinking score (GCT rc), a pooled mean effect size of .17 for the reconstructed Proactive Criminal Thinking score (P rc), and a pooled mean effect size of .17 for the reconstructed Reactive Criminal Thinking score (R rc). Data from three of these studies (4 samples) were sufficient to perform a meta-analysis of the incremental validity of the GCT rc. In all four samples, the GCT rc score predicted recidivism above and beyond the contributions of age and criminal history, with a mean effect size (odds ratio) of 1.27. Whereas the PICTS GCT rc score satisfied two of the three criteria for dynamic risk (i.e., dynamic risk factors are statistically and clinically significant predictors of outcome and are incrementally valid relative to well-established static risk factors), there is a need for additional data to assess its standing on the third criterion (i.e., changes in dynamic risk factors predict outcome and changes in outcome risk). © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: S-STEM:SCHLR SCI TECH ENG&MATH | Award Amount: 614.38K | Year: 2015

The Computer Science Academic, Retention, and Enrichment (CARE) program at Kutztown University will address a common challenge in computer science programs, namely creating a student body that is representative of the general population. The CARE program will recruit highly capable academically talented students who have financial need, and will provide academic support and resources to retain and graduate these students. Extra-curricular activities will encourage skill development that will prepare students for their profession, and will create a culture that is more welcoming to a diverse community of students. The project will generate evidence regarding what actually attracts and retains students in computer science, which can then be used by other programs to address the challenge of attracting and retaining woman and underrepresented groups to computer science.

The CARE will provide an opportunity to study how to recruit more academically talented students, including underrepresented students, into computer science, how to help them persist, and how to graduate them as competent and confident professionals. The primary focus will be on retention and graduation, which will be supported by building a sense of community among scholarship recipients. The program will be structured to include High Impact Educational Activities, expanding existing student supports, such as the Computer Science learning community, and building upon outreach activities for high school students. Students will receive advising, mentoring, tutoring, supplemental instruction, internship and externship opportunities, and research opportunities. The lessons learned from the curricular and co-curricular activities will be of value to other STEM disciplines, especially those with little diversity.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: AMO Theory/Atomic, Molecular & | Award Amount: 120.00K | Year: 2013

Confined ultracold atoms provide the unique capability to create designer systems that can be tailored to provide direct access to quantum mechanical properties that may be otherwise obscured. An important class of such properties is topological in nature in the sense that they are primarily defined by the structure of the abstract space of their defining parameters. Since topology is the most general description of any structure, real or abstract, such features can be used to find connections among phenomena that may seem unrelated, and thereby provide powerful insights into them all. The goal of this research is to analyze several such phenomena, some newly proposed here and some well-known but not well-understood, comparatively from a topological perspective. The method will be to recast them as generalized transport problems, tracking how the system and its parameters evolve in time, which will then be related to dynamical experiments with cold atoms. The study will involve the intrinsic quantum characteristic of phase in the context of creating gauge fields associated with varying local phase, and coherence effects associated with quantum systems. Whether the topological properties survive the loss of phase coherence in the presence of nonlinearity or in taking the classical physics limit is an essential fundamental physics question that will be examined for all mechanisms studied.

The outcome of this study has potential for applications in creating novel materials and devices that take advantage of the newly available topological and phase properties, as well as, for significantly broadening our understanding of fundamental physics, since many of these issues have relevance across all areas of physics. Some aspects of the research have technological applications potential for improved sensors and gyroscopes, and in the emerging field of atomtronics, the atomic analog of electronics. A high priority of the research will be to engage multiple undergraduate students at a public university attended by many first generation and at-risk students who often do not get the opportunity to participate in scientific research. The goal is to continue and expand on the success of a prior grant to attract and channel such domestic students into careers in science and technology.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: S-STEM:SCHLR SCI TECH ENG&MATH | Award Amount: 599.54K | Year: 2012

Kutztown University of Pennsylvania offers scholarships to incoming students majoring in Environmental Science or Marine Science, according to academic talent and financial need. These students are supported to persist in their studies while developing their awareness of opportunities for careers and postgraduate study in scientific fields. Because of the interdisciplinary nature and scientific rigor of these two field-based majors, students are well-prepared to apply their knowledge in a variety of STEM areas, both academic and corporate. A large number of special opportunities target academic success (tutoring, peer- and faculty-mentoring, intensive advising, supplemental instruction), career development (seminars, Learning Community), and leadership skills (leading discussion, presenting research, active involvement in student science clubs, peer mentoring). Many of these programs are also available to students not receiving scholarships, broadening the impact of the project. It is anticipated that by the end of the project, 25 to 30 students, many of whom are from rural and industrial urban areas of eastern Pennsylvania and are from groups traditionally underrepresented in STEM, will benefit through scholarships and learning opportunities.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: IRES | Award Amount: 113.45K | Year: 2016

IRES-SAGES will train US undergraduate students to help discover and characterize exoplanets, planets outside our solar system. Students will travel abroad to receive mentorship from international experts in the most important observational techniques for exoplanet studies. The students will then bring their acquired skills and research products back to the US where they will continue their investigations, train fellow students, disseminate their findings, and develop outreach activities for their local communities and K-12 schools. The students? research will target gas giant exoplanets in close orbits ? so-called ?hot Jupiters? ? around especially bright stars. Although thousands of exoplanets have been discovered, nearly all of our direct in-depth knowledge of exoplanet properties comes from a handful of hot Jupiters orbiting bright stars. Both the students? home institutions and the foreign institutions they will visit are members of the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope (KELT) project, a global collaboration with a proven record of discovering these important planets. IRES-SAGES will produce US citizens who are both globally engaged and more rigorously prepared for employment in physics- and space-related industries, advance the field of astrophysics research, promote national and international interests in space exploration, and improve scientific literacy in the US through outreach activities. The recruitment of IRES-SAGES students will target demographic groups traditionally underrepresented in the physical science fields.

Surveys for exoplanet transits ? dimmings of a star when one of its planets partially eclipses it ? have been largely limited to stars fainter than tenth magnitude. KELT was created to search for planets transiting brighter stars through the use of telescopes specially designed to prevent image saturation. Only about two dozen hot Jupiters transiting stars brighter than tenth magnitude are known, but they are responsible for nearly all of the published literature on exoplanetary atmospheres, direct thermal emission, and spin-orbit alignment. Until more transiting super-Earths and Neptunes are discovered around bright stars and technology advances to the point where we can investigate them more thoroughly, hot Jupiters transiting bright stars remain the best sites for individual exoplanet exploration. KELT has discovered several of these planets through its global network of observatories and astronomers with different key specialties. IRES-SAGES will leverage this network to train US students in the discovery and characterization of these planets, as well as the wider range of planet types targeted by the microlensing, radial velocity, and transit programs of KELT?s foreign partners.

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