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Merlani M.,Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry | Barbakadze V.,Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry | Amiranashvili L.,Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry | Gogilashvili L.,Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry | And 3 more authors.
Chirality | Year: 2010

The racemic and enantioselective synthesis of a novel glyceric acid derivative, namely, 2,3-dihydroxy-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-propionic acid as well as the antioxidant activities is described. The virtually pure enantiomers, (+)-(2R,3S)-2,3-dihydroxy-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-propionic acid and (-)-(2S,3R)-2,3-dihydroxy-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-propionic acid were synthesized for the first time via Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation of trans-caffeic acid derivatives using the enantiocomplementary catalysts, (DHQD)2-PHAL and (DHQ)2-PHAL. The determination of enantiomeric purity of the novel chiral glyceric acid derivatives was performed by high-performance liquid chromatographic techniques on the stage of their alkylated precursors. The novel glyceric acid derivatives show strong antioxidant activity against hypochlorite and N,N-diphenyl-N-picryl-hydrazyl free radical. Their antioxidant activity is about 40-fold higher than that of the corresponding natural polyether and three-fold higher of trans-caffeic acid itself. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

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