Kushiro, Japan
Kushiro, Japan

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Kokubo R.,Nippon Medical School | Kim K.,Nippon Medical School | Isu T.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Kobayashi S.,Nippon Medical School | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine | Year: 2014

Object. Spinal subdural hematomas (SDHs) are rare and some are concomitant with intracranial SDH. Their pathogenesis and etiology remain to be elucidated although their migration from the intracranial space has been suggested. The authors postulated that if migration plays a major role, patients with intracranial SDH may harbor asymptomatic lumbar SDH. The authors performed a prospective study on the incidence of spinal SDH in patients with intracranial SDH to determine whether migration is a key factor in their concomitance. Methods. The authors evaluated lumbar MR images obtained in 168 patients (125 males, 43 females, mean age 75.6 years) with intracranial chronic SDH to identify cases of concomitant lumbar SDH. In all cases, the lumbar MRI studies were performed within the 1st week after surgical irrigation of the intracranial SDH. Results. Of the 168 patients, 2 (1.2%) harbored a concomitant lumbar SDH; both had a history of trauma to both the head and the hip and/or lumbar area. One was an 83-year-old man with prostate cancer and myelodysplastic syndrome who suffered trauma to his head and lumbar area in a fall from his bed. The other was a 70-year-old man who had hit his head and lumbar area in a fall. Neither patient manifested neurological deficits and their hematomas disappeared under observation. None of the patients with concomitant lumbar SDH had sustained head trauma only, indicating that trauma to the hip or lumbar region is significantly related to the concomitance of SDH (p < 0.05). Conclusions. As the incidence of concomitant lumbar and intracranial chronic SDH is rare and both patients in this study had sustained a direct impact to the head and hips, the authors suggest that the major mechanism underlying their concomitant SDH was double trauma. Another possible explanation is hemorrhagic diathesis and low CSF syndrome. ©AANS, 2014.


Hojo Y.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Ito M.,Hokkaido University | Suda K.,Hokkaido Chuo Rosai Hospital | Oda I.,Hokkaido Orthopaedic Memorial Hospital | And 2 more authors.
European Spine Journal | Year: 2014

Purpose: To conduct a retrospective multicenter study to investigate the accuracy of pedicle screw (PS) placement in the cervical spine by freehand technique and the related complications in various pathological conditions including trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative conditions and others.Methods: 283 patients with 1,065 PSs in the cervical spine who were treated at eight spine centers and finished postoperative CT scan were enrolled. The numbers of placed PSs were 608 for trauma, 180 for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 199 for spondylosis, and 78 for others. Malposition grades on CT image in the axial plane were defined as grade 0 (G-0) correct placement, grade 1 (G-1): malposition by less than half screw diameter, grade 2 (G-2): malposition by more than half screw diameter. The direction of malposition was classified into four categories: medial, lateral, superior and inferior.Results: Overall malposition rate was 14.8 % (9.6 % in G-1 and 5.3 % in G-2). The highest malposition rate was 26.7 % for RA, followed by 16.6 % for spondylosis, and 11.2 % for trauma. The malposition rate for RA was significantly higher than those for other pathologies. 79.7 % of the malpositioned screws were placed laterally. Though intraoperative vertebral artery injury was observed in two patients with RA, there were no serious complications during a minimal 2-year follow-up.Conclusions: Malposition rate of PS placement in the cervical spine by freehand technique was high in rheumatoid patients even when being performed by experienced spine surgeons. Any guidance tools including navigation systems are recommended for placement of cervical PSs in patients with RA. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Shimada S.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Ohtsubo S.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Ogasawara K.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Kusano M.,Seiwa Memorial Hospital
World Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2015

Background: Reports detailing microscopic observations of indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging (IFI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and metastatic liver cancer are rare. We were able to perform macro- and microscopic IFI results in postoperative paraffin-embedded tissue samples and formalin-fixed specimens from liver tumors. Methods: Between April 2010 and March 2014, 19 patients with HCC or liver metastases of colorectal tumors underwent liver resection. ICG solution was injected into the peripheral vein from 14 to 2 days prior to operation. We observed liver tumor IFI during the laparotomy and IFI in resected liver sections using a photo dynamic emission (PDE) camera. The IFI of paraffin-embedded tissue samples was observed using a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. Moreover, we microscopically performed tissue section IFI using a fluorescence microscope with an ICG-B-NQF. Results: We performed that IFI characteristics depended on tumor type macroscopically and microscopically. In normal liver tissue, fluorescence consistent with the bile canaliculus was observed. HCC had heterogeneous IFI, forming a total or partial tumor and rim pattern. In metastatic carcinoma, we performed that non-tumor cells in the marginal region showed fluorescence and tumor cells in the central region did not fluoresce. Conclusions: We confirmed that the variations of ICG fluorescence imaging patterns reflect different tumor characteristics in not only macroscopic imaging as previous reports but also microscopic imaging. Moreover, the ICG fluorescence method is useful for postoperative pathological detection of microscopic lesions in histopathological specimens. ICG fluorescence in paraffin-embedded tissue samples and formalin-fixed specimens is preserved in the long term. © 2015 Shimada et al.


A 45-year-old HIV positive male who had previously been administered anti-retrovirus therapy (ART) resulting in a good virological response and with a CD4 count of more than 1,000/μl, complained of general fatigue during a periodic examination. Laboratory data showed decreased Hb (10.8 g/dl) and increased T.P (12.0 g/dl) and IgG (9,077 mg/dl). Monoclonal gammopathy (IgG-λ) was identified and bone marrow aspiration revealed 37.6% atypical plasma cells, leading to the diagnosis of symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) (ISS clinical staging III).Four courses of VD (bortezomib+dexamethasone) therapy were administered with concurrent ART resulting in VGPR (very good partial response), followed by peripheral blood stem cell collection (the mobilizing chemotherapy was cyclophosphamide). Then, together with ART, high-dose chemotherapy (Mel-200; L-PAM) was administered with autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). Reconstitution of white blood cells was achieved at 10 days after PBSCT. There were no adverse effects of ART and the viral load of HIV was well controlled during the period of these treatments. The final assessment was VGPR and 10 mg/day of lenalidomide has since been administered as maintenance therapy. Standard treatment combined with PBSCT for juvenile-onset MM is also effective and safe for HIV-positive patients receiving ART.


Ono M.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2010

A 70-year-old male, who had undergone resection of gastric malignant lymphoma in 1992, presented with cervical lymph node swelling in January 2008. Pathological examination of the lymph node biopsy demonstrated recurrence of malignant lymphoma, and he was treated with the R-CHOP regimen. Although he did not develop fever during the first through third course of R-CHOP, from the fourth course, he repeatedly demonstrated fever over 38°C for about one week after each course of chemotherapy, despite the absence of neutropenia. Helicobacter cinaedi infection was confirmed by blood culture each time. Although it is difficult to diagnose Helicobacter cinaedi infection by the standard culture method, increased numbers of recent reports especially in immunocompromised patients have emphasized the importance of diagnosing Helicobacter cinaedi infection.


Kotani Y.,Hokkaido University | Abumi K.,Hokkaido University | Ito M.,Hokkaido University | Terae S.,Hokkaido University | And 2 more authors.
European Spine Journal | Year: 2010

The authors describe a case of 28-year-old man who presented with cervical myelopathy and lumbar radiculopathy due to the giant cervical pseudomeningocele extending to the lumbar spine at 10 years after previous brachial plexus injury. To evaluate the communicating tract between pseudomeningocele and subarachnoidal space, the multidetector-row helical CT with simultaneous myelography was performed preoperatively. The surgical treatment in the cervical spine included the resection of pseudomeningocele and the repair of dural defects communicating into the cyst following multi-level laminoplasty and foraminotomies. At 6 years after surgery, the significant neurologic recovery and complete obliteration of cysts in the whole spine area were maintained. This serves as the first report describing the significant neurologic recovery after the surgical treatment of giant cervical pseudomeningocele extending to the lumbar spine after previous brachial plexus injury. © Springer-Verlag 2010.


Kim K.,Nippon Medical School | Isu T.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Chiba Y.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Morimoto D.,Shin midori Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine | Year: 2013

Superior cluneal nerve (SCN) entrapment neuropathy is a known cause of low back pain. Although surgical release at the entrapment point of the osteofibrous orifice is effective, intraoperative identification of the thin SCN in thick fat tissue and confirmation of sufficient decompression are difficult. Intraoperative indocyanine green video angiography (ICG-VA) is simple, clearly demonstrates the vascular flow dynamics, and provides real-time information on vascular patency and flow. The peripheral nerve is supplied from epineurial vessels around the nerve (vasa nervorum), and the authors now present the first ICG-VA documentation of the technique and usefulness of peripheral nerve neurolysis surgery to treat SCN entrapment neuropathy in 16 locally anesthetized patients. Clinical outcomes were assessed with the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire before surgery and at the latest follow-up after surgery. Indocyanine green video angiography was useful for identifying the SCN in fat tissue. It showed that the SCN penetrated and was entrapped by the thoracolumbar fascia through the orifice just before crossing over the iliac crest in all patients. The SCN was decompressed by dissection of the fascia from the orifice. Indocyanine green video angiography visualized the SCN and its termination at the entrapment point. After sufficient decompression, the SCN was clearly visualized on ICG-VA images. Low back pain improved significantly, from a preoperative Roland-Morris Questionnaire score of 13.8 to a postoperative score of 1.3 at the last follow-up visit (p < 0.05). The authors suggest that ICG-VA is useful for the inspection of peripheral nerves such as the SCN and helps to identify the SCN and to confirm sufficient decompression at surgery for SCN entrapment. © Copyright 1944-2013 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.


Morimoto D.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Morimoto D.,Yokohama Shin Midori General Hospital | Isu T.,Kushiro Rosai Hospital | Kim K.,Nippon Medical School | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine | Year: 2013

Object. Superior cluneal nerve (SCN) entrapment neuropathy is a poorly understood clinical entity that can produce low-back pain. The authors report a less-invasive surgical treatment for SCN entrapment neuropathy that can be performed with local anesthesia. Methods. From November 2010 through November 2011, the authors performed surgery in 34 patients (age range 18-83 years; mean 64 years) with SCN entrapment neuropathy. The entrapment was unilateral in 13 patients and bilateral in 21. The mean postoperative follow-up period was 10 months (range 6-18 months). After the site was blocked with local anesthesia, the thoracolumbar fascia of the orifice was dissected with microscissors in a distal-torostral direction along the SCN to release the entrapped nerve. Results were evaluated according to Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) and Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) scores. Results. In all 34 patients, the SCN penetrated the orifice of the thoracolumbar fascia and could be released by dissection of the fascia. There were no intraoperative surgery-related complications. For all patients, surgery was effective; JOA and RMDQ scores indicated significant improvement (p < 0.05). Conclusions. For patients with low-back pain, SCN entrapment neuropathy must be considered as a causative factor. Treatment by less-invasive surgery, with local anesthesia, yielded excellent clinical outcomes. © AANS, 2013.


PubMed | Red Cross, Okitama Public General Hospital, Kushiro Rosai Hospital, Fukushima Medical University and 11 more.
Type: Clinical Trial | Journal: European journal of clinical pharmacology | Year: 2016

Dasatinib is a novel, oral, multi-targeted kinase inhibitor of breakpoint cluster region-abelson (BCR-ABL) and Src family kinases. The study investigated pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) analyses of dasatinib in 51 newly diagnosed, chronic phase, chronic myeloid leukemia patients.The dasatinib concentration required to inhibit 50 % of the CrkL (CT10 regulator of kinase like) phosphorylation in bone marrow CD34+ cells (half maximal (50 %) inhibitory concentration (IC50)CD34+cells) was calculated from each patients dose-response curve using flow cytometry. PK parameters were obtained from the population pharmacokinetic analysis of dasatinib concentrations in plasma on day 28 after administration.Early molecular responses were not significantly associated with PK or PD (IC50 CD34+cells) parameters. However, the PK/PD parameter-time above IC50 CD34+cells-significantly correlated with BCR-ABL transcript level at 3 months (correlation coefficient (CC) = -0.292, P = 0.0375) and the reduction of BCR-ABL level at 1 or 3 months (CC = -0.404, P = 0.00328 and CC = -0.356, P = 0.0104, respectively). Patients with more than 12.6 h at time above IC50 CD34+cells achieved a molecular response of 3.0 log reduction at 3 months and those more than 12.8 h achieved a deep molecular response less than 4.0 log reduction at 6 months at a significantly high rate (P = 0.013, odds ratio = 4.8 and P = 0.024, odds ratio = 4.3, respectively).These results suggest that the anti-leukemic activity of dasatinib exhibits in a time-dependent manner and that exposure for more than 12.8 h at time above IC50 CD34+cells could significantly improve prognosis.


PubMed | Kushiro Rosai Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of Nippon Medical School = Nippon Ika Daigaku zasshi | Year: 2016

We report an extremely rare case of proximal entrapment neuropathy of the median nerve above the elbow in a 44-year-old man who presented with paresthesia with median nerve distribution. Tinels sign was located in the upper arm medial to the biceps and 5 cm proximal to the elbow. The patient underwent microsurgery under local anesthesia. The fascia covering the brachial- and the biceps brachii muscle entrapped median nerve. After operation, he reported symptom improvement. Lesions above the elbow should be considered as possible causative factors of entrapment neuropathy of the median nerve.

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