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Kurobe, Japan

Nakamur S.,Kurobe City Hospital
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society | Year: 2010

A 78-year-old man with complaints of appetite loss and weight loss visited our hospital in November 2006. Positron-emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) showed swollen lymph nodes in the abdominal para-aorta, mediastinum and neck, with intense FDG accumulation. The pathological findings of the cervical lymph nodes revealed small-cell cancer. We diagnosed extensive small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), which occurred primarily in the left upper lobe. As subsequent CT revealed spontaneous shrinkage of the pulmonary nodule and swollen lymph nodes, the clinical course was monitored without anticancer therapy. In February 2007, progressive muscle weakness of the lower extremities developed. In July he was admitted with respiratory failure and required mechanical ventilation. Although we did not administer anticancer therapy due to his poor performance status, he survived for 30 months receiving mechanical ventilation, and the tumors continued to grow moderately. We diagnosed Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) based on the clinical symptoms, the presence of anti-VGCC antibodies and waxing phenomenon on electromyography obtained in April 2009. Chemotherapy with amrubicin shrank the tumors, but his muscle weakness did not improve. Previous reports showed that a prognosis of SCLC with LEMS was better than that without LEMS. In this case, the tumors showed spontaneous regression without any anticancer therapy, and then increased moderately. The immune response was considered to have affected tumor growth.

Kanatani K.T.,University of California at San Diego | Kanatani K.T.,Kyoto University | Ito I.,Kyoto University | Al-Delaimy W.K.,University of California at San Diego | And 12 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2010

Rationale: Desert dust particles, including quartz, which causes inflammatory responses in the airway in animal studies, are transported to widespread regions around the globe. Epidemiologically, areas impacted by desert dust storms, such as communities in the Middle East and the Caribbean, seem to have higher incidences of asthma than might be expected. Objectives: We investigated the magnitude of association between airborne mineral dust concentration and hospitalization of children for asthma exacerbation by using Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) with a polarization analyzer for an exposure measurement, which can distinguish mineral dust particles from other particles. Methods: A case-crossover design was used. The exposure measurement was LIDAR's nonspherical extinction coefficient. The outcome measurement was hospitalization of children aged 1 to 15 years for asthma exacerbation in eight principal hospitals in Toyama, a local area in Japan bordering the Japan Sea, during February to April, 2005 to 2009. Measurements and Main Results: During the study period, there were 620 admissions for asthma exacerbation, and 6 days with a heavy dust event (daily mineral dust concentration > 0.1 mg/m 3). Conditional logistic regression showed a statistically significant association between asthma hospitalization and a heavy dust event. The crude odds ratio (OR) of the heavy dust event for hospitalization on the day was 1.88 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-3.41; P = 0.037), and the O Rof heavy dust event during the previous week was 1.83 (95% CI, 1.31-2.56; P = 0.00043). The OR adjusted by other air pollutant levels, pollen, and meteorological factors was 1.71 (95% CI, 1.18-2.48; P = 0.0050). Conclusions: Heavy dust events are associated with an increased risk of hospitalizations for asthma.

Hagino S.,Kurobe City Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

We report a case of a 59-year-old woman who was forced to undergo mastectomy of the right breast (Rt Bt) plus axillary lymph node (Ax) dissection for right breast cancer at another hospital. The pathological diagnosis was invasive ductal carcinoma( scirrhou[s sci], pT2N2M0, Stage IIIA, estrogen recepto[r ER[]+], progesterone recepto[r PgR[]+], human epidermal growth factor receptor-2[HER2][2+]). Although no recurrence was observed after postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and endocrine therapy, skin metastasis on the left back and pleuritis carcinomatosa were detected at our hospital 9 years and 6 months after the operation. Thereafter, bone metastasis, contralateral lymph node metastasis, and frequent occurrence of hepatic metastasis were sequentially detected. The patient was treated with chemotherapy (a total of 4 regimens) and endocrine therapy in addition to radiation therapy for lymph node metastasis over a period of approximately 2 years and 3 months; however, disease control was poor. Therefore, combined chemotherapy with paclitaxel and bevacizumab was initiated from February 2012. Soon after the initiation of combination therapy, the serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level gradually reduced and computed tomography (CT) revealed that the multiple-organ metastases had remarkably reduced in size. The response was classified as a clinical partial response (cPR). Although adverse events such as peripheral neuropathy, nose bleeding, and high blood pressure were observed, these were all of lesser that Grade 2 severity. The efficacy of chemotherapy was noted for 11 months.

Nishida N.,University of Toyama | Yoshida K.,University of Toyama | Hata Y.,University of Toyama | Arai Y.,Kurobe City Hospital | Kinoshita K.,University of Toyama
Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology | Year: 2015

Aims: The manner in which pathological lesions of corticobasal degeneration (CBD) progress remains poorly understood. Because the pathology of early disease stages may be fundamental for elucidating a border between clinical and preclinical states of CBD, the present study aimed to detect preclinical or early clinical CBD cases by examining a series of forensic autopsy cases. Methods: A series of 887 brains from medicolegal autopsies was examined. Immunohistochemistry for tau (AT8, 3, and 4-repeat-tau) and Gallyas-Braak was applied for diagnosis. Neuropathological diagnosis of CBD followed criteria updated in 2002 by a working group. Results: Three autopsy cases (0.34%) were identified that fulfilled CBD pathological criteria. Two cases were preclinical or very early clinical cases without brain atrophy; the other case had exhibited a 5-year history of advanced frontotemporal dementia. Significant microscopic differences between the subclinical and clinical cases included occurrence of neuronal loss with spongiosis and gliosis, as well as a difference in degree of tau pathology in the superficial layer of the neocortical areas and white matter. Anatomical hierarchy of tau pathology in the brain was not evident, but asymmetric neocortical tau pathology that might influence the clinical phenotype was found in preclinical and early clinical cases. Conclusions: The results revealed the pathological features of subclinical and early clinical CBD cases. Comparison with clinical CBD cases showed that neuronal loss, cortical atrophy and volume reduction of white matter may be involved in the occurrence of clinical symptoms of CBD. Additionally, immunohistochemistry is essential for detecting preclinical CBD cases, regardless of case selection. © 2015 British Neuropathological Society.

Konno S.,Hokkaido University | Hizawa N.,University of Tsukuba | Fukutomi Y.,Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology | Fukutomi Y.,Kanazawa University | And 9 more authors.
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2012

Background: Rhinitis is a common disease, and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. Several studies have provided evidence of a strong association between asthma and rhinitis. Although smoking and obesity have been extensively analyzed as risk factors of asthma, associations with rhinitis are less clear. Objective: The aims of our study were (i) to evaluate the prevalence of rhinitis using the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) questionnaire in Japanese adults and (ii) to evaluate the associations of smoking and body mass index (BMI) with rhinitis. Methods: Following our study conducted in 2006-2007 to determine the prevalence of asthma using the ECRHS questionnaire, our present analysis evaluates the prevalence of rhinitis and its association with smoking and BMI in Japanese adults 20-79 years of age (N = 22819). We classified the subjects (20-44 or 45-79 years) into four groups as having (i) neither rhinitis nor asthma; (ii) rhinitis without asthma; (iii) asthma without rhinitis; or (iv) rhinitis with asthma. We then evaluated associations with smoking and BMI in each group. Results The overall age-adjusted prevalence of rhinitis was 35.1% in men and 39.3% in women. A higher prevalence was observed in the younger population than in the older population. Active smoking and obesity were positively associated with asthma without rhinitis. In contrast, particularly in the 20- to 44-year age-group, active smoking and obesity were negatively associated with rhinitis without asthma. Conclusion The results of the present study suggest that smoking and obesity may have different effects on the development of rhinitis and asthma. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

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