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Hijikata T.,Japan Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry | Uozumi K.,Japan Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry | Tsukada T.,Japan Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry | Koyama T.,Japan Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology | Year: 2014

The kinetic characteristics of the column were necessary property to be understood before actual operation. Hence, a functional small-scale zeolite column system was installed for conducting the experiments to understand decontamination behaviors. Each column has a 2 cm inner diameter and a 12 cm height, and 12 g of zeolite-type media was packed into the column. The column experiments were carried out with Kurion-zeolite, herschelite, at different feed rates of simulated water with different concentrations of Cs and sea salt. As expected from equilibrium ion-exchange isotherms obtained for KURION-herschelite, the adsorption of Cs is hampered by the existence of sea salt ratio. The difference in breakthrough behaviors can be ascribed to the difference in sea salt ratio. Above 1000 bed volumes, the adsorption rate of Cs was the same at a solution velocity of between 14 and 81 cm/min. Under the condition of a 3.4 wt% sea salt ratio, the performance of the media supplied by KURION was in the order surfactant modified zeolite < silver-impregnated engineered herschelite = herschelite (H). This result was suggested to evaluate the performance of KURION media on the actual columns. © 2014 Atomic Energy Society of Japan. All rights reserved. Source


Tsukada T.,Japan Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry | Uozumi K.,Japan Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry | Hijikata T.,Japan Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry | Koyama T.,Japan Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology | Year: 2014

To support the design and operation of the decontamination system using KURION media for the treatment of highly contaminated water accumulated in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry has urgently carried out many kinds of research and development programs to support the operation of the decontamination system using columns filled with three kinds of KURION media (H, AGH and SMZ). Since the contaminated water at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station contained seawater and oil, the effects of sea salt and dissolved oil on Cs adsorption behavior were examined closely by batch type. The concentration of sea salt in the solutions was varied between 0.0 and 3.4 wt%. The Cs adsorption capacity of KURION herschelite in seawater decreased to nearly 1/10th of that in pure water, but it was still concluded that herschelite has sufficient adsorption capacity to remove Cs from the contaminated water. The effect of dissolved oil could be ignored because of its low solubility in seawater. Langmuir-type adsorption isotherm equations, which can be applied for estimating Cs adsorption in sea salt containing water, were developed. © 2014 Atomic Energy Society of Japan. All rights reserved. Source

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