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Koni T.N.I.,Kupang State Agricultural Polytechnic | Paga A.,Kupang State Agricultural Polytechnic | Wea R.,Kupang State Agricultural Polytechnic | Foenay T.A.,Kupang State Agricultural Polytechnic
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2015

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of Rhizopus oligosporus dosages on the nutritive values and metabolizable energy of Amorphopaiius companulatus. This experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with four treatments and five replicates. The treatments were 0, 0.3, 0.6 and 0.9% dosage of R. oligosporus inoculum. The parameters observed were dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber and metabolizable energy of fermented A. companulatus. Results showed that the crude protein content of 0.6% inoculum were significantly higher (p<0.05) than 0.3 and 0.9%. Crude fiber, ether extract content and metabolizable energy were not affected by the treatments. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2015.

Leo-Penu C.L.O.,Kupang State Agricultural Polytechnic | Leo-Penu C.L.O.,James Cook University | Fitzpatrick L.A.,James Cook University | Zerby H.N.,James Cook University | And 2 more authors.
Animal Production Science | Year: 2016

Twelve Bos indicus bulls were allocated to one of two treatment groups: rumen transfaunation (n≤6) given 10 kg of rumen fluid after transport or Control (n≤6), given 10 kg of deionised water after transport. Glycogen concentrations of the M. semimembranosus, M. semitendinosis and M. longisimus dorsi were measured before transport on Day -7 and after transport on Day 0, Day 1, Day 4 and Day 9. Feed intake, liveweight gain, plasma metabolites and electrolytes were recorded on the sampling days. Rumen transfaunation increased the dry matter intake of treated bulls compared with the bulls treated with deionised water. Rumen transfaunation had no effect on glycogen concentrations of the M. semimembranosus, M. semitendinosis and M. longisimus dorsi compared with the bulls treated with deionised water. The M. semimembranosus and the M. semitendinosis decreased in glycogen concentration immediately after transport on Day 0 but repleted to pre-transportation concentrations within 1 day. However, the M. longisimus dorsi demonstrated no change in glycogen concentration between the pre-transportation sample on Day -7 and Day 0 or Day 1 after transportation. The M. longisimus dorsi of the bulls increased in glycogen concentration between Day 1 and Day 4 after transportation. The bulls in this experiment demonstrated that muscle glycogen, as measured at the M. longissimus dorsi, cannot recover to sufficient concentrations (40-45 μmol of glycogen concentration per gram muscle) to ensure normal meat quality until between 1 and 4 days of rest when feeding Rhodes grass hay ad libitum. © CSIRO 2016.

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