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Kunming, China

Zhu N.,CAS Wuhan Institute of Virology | Zhu N.,Gnomegen Inc. | Li P.,Kunming Yanan Hospital | Yu J.,CAS Wuhan Institute of Virology | And 9 more authors.
Virus Genes | Year: 2013

The current circulating influenza B viruses can be divided into two major phylogenetic lineages: the Victoria and Yamagata lineages. We conducted a survey of influenza B viruses in Hubei and Zhejiang provinces during 2009-2010. Out of 341 throat swabs, 18 influenza B viruses were isolated. Five isolates were selected for genetic and phylogenetic analysis. The molecular analyses revealed that all the isolates had similar antigenic characteristics to B/Brisbane/60/2008. However, in the three viruses isolated from Zhejiang, a single asparagine to aspartic acid substitution in position 197 was observed, thereby eliminating the glycosylation at that site and possibly causing an antigenic change. None of the viruses had amino acid mutations at positions 116, 149, 152, 198, 222, 250, 291, and 402 of the neuraminidase (NA) gene, predicting that the viruses would still be sensitive to NA inhibitors. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that all five isolates were closely related to B/Brisbane/60/2008 - the 2010 vaccine strain - and contained Victoria-like hemagglutinin and Yamagata-like NA genes, suggesting that reassortment may had occurred. In addition, similar phylogenetic patterns among the acidic polymerase, nucleoprotein and matrix protein genes, as well as between the basic polymerase 1 and basic polymerase 2 genes, were observed, suggesting possible functional interactions among these proteins. All the results highlighted the importance of molecular monitoring of influenza B viruses for reassortment and antigenic drift. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Xia H.,CAS Wuhan Institute of Virology | Li P.,Kunming Yanan Hospital | Yang J.,CAS Wuhan Institute of Virology | Pan L.,CAS Wuhan Institute of Virology | And 12 more authors.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Objectives: We aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) infection in Yunnan Province, China. Materials and methods: One thousand six hundred and fifty-seven human serum samples and 1280 ticks (Hyalomma asiaticum) were collected from five counties (Menglian, Menghai, Lancang, Mengla, and Ximeng). Serum samples were analyzed independently by indirect immunofluorescence assay and Western blotting to detected CCHFV antibody. The ticks were examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect virus RNA. Results: The CCHFV IgG positivity was 3.4% (57/1657). A multivariate analysis was performed, and variables that increased the chance of infection were found to include history of tick bite or contact (odds ratio (OR) 16.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 7.5-37.0) and age > 30 years (OR 6.8, 95% CI 1.6-28.2). The RT-PCR positive rate for ticks was 14.3% (6/42). Conclusions: The five counties (Menglian, Menghai, Lancang, Mengla, and Ximeng) in Yunnan are areas with the potential for CCHF outbreaks. Residents should protect themselves against tick bites and the surveillance of CCHFV in this region should be improved. © 2011 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Source

He Y.,Kunming Yanan Hospital | Yang Y.,Kunming Yanan Hospital
International Eye Science | Year: 2013

AIM: To evaluate the clinical effects of vitrectomy in treating infectious endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. METHODS: Totally 17 cases(17 eyes) suffered from infectious endophthalmitis after cataract surgery were analyzed retrospectively, endophthalmitis were treated with vitrectomy, postoperative follow-up of 3 months to 24 months. RESULTS: After vitrectomy, intraocular infection of 17 cases was controlled, the vision improved at different degree, and all the eyeballs were saved. CONCLUSION: Timely vitrectomy is a kind of effective and safe method for the endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. Source

Li R.,Kunming Yanan Hospital
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2013

To study the effect of homcysteine on the expression of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) in the adipose tissue and explore whether PDK1 inhibits p-Akt(Thr-308) expression and affect PI3K/Akt signal pathway to decrease glucose uptake and utilization. Forty mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10), namely the fasting control group, feeding control group, fasting hyperhomocysteinemia group, and feeding hyperhomocysteinemia group. In the two hyperhomocysteinemia groups, the mice were given water containing 1.5% methionine to induce hyperhomocysteinemia. Blood glucose and insulin levels in each group were determined, and the expressions of PDK1 and Akt mRNA in the adipose tissue were detected using RT-PCR; the expressions of PDK1, p-Akt(Thr-308) and Akt proteins were detected using Western blotting. In the fasting and feeding hyperhomocysteinemia groups, blood glucose and insulin levels were significantly higher than those in the two control groups. The expressions of PDK1 mRNA and PDK1 and p-Akt(Thr-308) proteins were reduced in the two hyperhomocysteinemia groups, but Akt mRNA and protein expressions were comparable with those in the control groups. Homocysteine lowers the uptake and utilization of glucose by down-regulating PDK1 expression and affecting PI3K/Akt signal pathway to cause disturbance of glucose metabolism. Source

Wang W.,Kunming Yanan Hospital | Wang W.,Kunming Medical University | Hou Z.,Kunming Yanan Hospital | Hou Z.,Kunming Medical University | And 8 more authors.
Meta Gene | Year: 2013

Background: Inconsistent results were reported in recent literature regarding the association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T/A1298C polymorphisms and the susceptibility of congenital heart disease (CHD). In this study, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the associations by employing multiple analytical methods. Methods: Literature search was performed and published articles were obtained from PubMed, Embase and CNKI databases based on the exclusion and inclusion criteria. Data were extracted from eligible studies and the crude odds ratios and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random or fix effects model to evaluate the associations between the MTHFR C677T/A1298C polymorphisms and CHD development. Subgroup based analysis was performed by Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, ethnicity, types of CHD, source of control and sample size. Results: Twenty-four eligible studies were included in this meta-analysis. Significant association was found between fetal MTHFR C677T polymorphism and CHD development in all genetic models. The pooled ORs and 95% CIs in all genetic models indicated that MTHFR C677T polymorphism was significantly associated with CHD in Asian, but not Caucasian in subgroup analysis. The maternal MTHFR C677T polymorphism was not associated with CHD except for recessive model. Moreover, neither maternal nor fetal MTHFR A1298C polymorphism was associated with CHD. Conclusion: The fetal MTHFR C677T polymorphism may increase the susceptibility to CHD. Fetal MTHFR C677T polymorphism was more likely to affect Asian fetus than Caucasian. The MTHFR A1298C polymorphism may not be a risk of congenital heart disease. © 2013. Source

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