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Ma X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Meng J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Jia M.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Bi L.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research | Year: 2013

Osteoporosis mainly affects postmenopausal women and older men. Gastrointestinal hormones released after meal ingestion, such as glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2, have been shown to regulate bone turnover. However, whether GLP-1, another important gastrointestinal hormone, and its analogues also have antiosteoporotic effects, especially in aged postmenopausal situation, has not been confirmed. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of the GLP-1 receptor agonist exendin-4 on ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporosis in old rats. Twelve-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to OVX, and exendin-4 was administrated 4 weeks after the surgery and lasted for 16 weeks. Bone characters and related serum and gene biomarkers were analyzed. Sixteen weeks of treatment with exendin-4 slowed down body weight gain by decreasing fat mass and prevented the loss of bone mass in old OVX rats. Exendin-4 also enhanced bone strength and prevented the deterioration of trabecular microarchitecture. Moreover, exendin-4 decreased the urinary deoxypyridinoline (DPD)/creatinine ratio and serum C-terminal cross-linked telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX-I) and increased serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OC), and N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP) levels, key biochemical markers of bone turnover. Interestingly, gene expression results further showed that exendin-4 not only inhibited bone resorption by increasing the osteoprotegerin (OPG)/receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) ratio, but also promoted bone formation by increasing the expression of OC, Col1, Runx2, and ALP, which exhibited dual regulatory effects on bone turnover as compared with previous antiosteoporotic agents. In conclusion, these findings demonstrated for the first time the antiosteoporotic effects of exendin-4 in old OVX rats and that it might be a potential candidate for treatment of aged postmenopausal osteoporosis. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. Source

Lin J.-J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Zhao T.-Z.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Cai W.K.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | Yang Y.-X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015

Histamine receptor 3 (H3R) is expressed in various tumors and correlated with malignancy and tumor proliferation. However, the role of H3R in tumor invasion and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) remains unknown. Here, we explored the H3R in the highly invasive glioblastoma (GBM) and U87MG cells. We found that H3R mRNA and protein levels were up-regulated in the GBM and glioma cell lines compared to normal brain tissue and astrocytes. In U87MG cell line, inhibition of H3R by siRNA or the antagonist ciproxifan (CPX) suppressed proliferation, invasiveness, and the expression of EMT activators (Snail, Slug and Twist). In addition, expression of epithelial markers (E-cadherin and ZO-1) was up-regulated and expression of mesenchymal markers (vimentin and N-cadherin) was down-regulated in vitro and in vivo in a xenograft model. In addition, we also showed that inhibition of H3R by siRNA or CPX inactivated the PI3K/Akt and MEK/ERK signaling pathways, while inhibition of Akt or ERK activity with antagonists or siRNAs suppressed H3R agonist (R)-(α)-(-)- methylhistamine dihydrobromide (RAMH) mediated invasion and reorganization of cadherin-household. In conclusion, overexpression of H3R is associated with glioma progression. Inhibition of H3R leads to suppressed invasion and EMT of GBM by inactivating the PI3K/Akt and MEK/ERK pathways in gliomas. Source

Han Y.,General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command | Xu B.,National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases | Jing Q.,General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command | Lu S.,Capital Medical University | And 7 more authors.
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2014

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that a novel biodegradable polymer-coated, cobalt-chromium (CoCr), sirolimus-eluting stent (BP-SES) is noninferior in safety and efficacy outcomes compared with a durable polymer (DP)-SES. Background: No randomized trials have the compared safety and efficacy of BP-SES versus DP-SES on similar CoCr platforms, thereby isolating the effect of the polymer type. Methods: In this prospective, single-blind, randomized trial conducted at 32 Chinese sites, 2,737 patients eligible for coronary stenting were treated with BP- or DP-SES in a 2:1 ratio. The primary endpoint was 12-month target lesion failure (TLF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. Secondary endpoints included TLF components, and definite/probable stent thrombosis. Results: At 12 months, the difference in the primary endpoint of TLF between BP-SES (6.3%) and DP-SES (6.1%) groups was 0.25% (95% confidence interval: -1.67% to 2.17%, p for noninferiority = 0.0002), demonstrating noninferiority of BP-SES to DP-SES. Individual TLF components of cardiac death (0.7% vs. 0.6%, p = 0.62), target vessel myocardial infarction (3.6% vs. 4.3%, p = 0.39), and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization (2.6% vs. 2.2%, p = 0.50) were similar, as were low definite/probable stent thrombosis rates (0.4% vs. 0.6%, p = 0.55). Conclusions: In this large-scale real-world trial, BP-SES was noninferior to DP-SES for 1-year TLF. (Evaluate Safety and Effectiveness of the Tivoli ® DES and the Firebird ® DES for Treatment of Coronary Revascularization;. NCT01681381). © 2014 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Source

Cai W.-K.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | Lin J.-J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | He G.-H.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | Wang H.,Chengdu General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

To investigate the appropriate cutoff point of CA19-9 for prognosis and other potential prognostic factors that may affect survival of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) after radical surgery. 168 patients who had undergone radical surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma and resultant macroscopic curative resection (R0 and R1) were discreetly selected for analyses. Categorized versions were used in univariate model to determine the appropriate cutoff point of CA19-9. CA19-9 and other clinicopathologic factors were analyzed for influence on survival by univariate and multivariate methods. The strongest univariate predictor among the categorized preoperative CA19-9 measures was CA19-9 less than 150 IU/L (P = 0.000). In univariate analysis, tumor size, Bismuth-Corlette classification, portal vein invasion, Lymph node metastasis, resection margin and preoperative CA19-9 levels were identified as significant prognostic factors. In multivariable analysis, lymph node metastasis, resection margin and preoperative CA19-9 levels were independent prognostic factors. our results demonstrated that preoperative CA19-9 levels was also an independent prognostic factor for hilar cholangiocarcinoma, and the most discriminative cutoff point of CA19-9 for prognosis proved to be at 150 U/ml. Source

He G.-H.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | Lu J.,Xian Jiaotong University | Shi P.-P.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | Xia W.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | And 4 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2013

Previous investigations indicated that histamine receptor H4 (HRH4) played important roles in many aspects of breast cancer pathogenesis, and that the polymorphisms of HRH4 gene may result in expression and functional changes of HRH4 proteins. However, the relationship between polymorphisms of HRH4 and breast cancer risk and malignant degree is unclear. In the present study, we conducted a case-control investigation among 185 Chinese Han breast cancer patients and 199 ethnicity-matched health controls. Four tag-SNPs (i.e. rs623590, rs16940762, rs11662595 and rs1421125) of HRH4 were genotyped and association analysis was performed. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to assess the association. We found that the T allele of rs623590 had a decreased risk of breast cancer (adjusted OR, 0.667; 95% CI, 0.486-0.913; P= 0.012) while the A allele of rs1421125 had an increased risk (adjusted OR, 1.653; 95% CI, 1.139-2.397; P= 0.008). Further haplotype analysis showed that the CAA haplotype of rs623590-rs11662595-rs1421125 was more frequent among patients with breast cancer (adjusted OR, 1.856; 95% CI, 1.236-2.787; P= 0.003). Additionally, polymorphisms of rs623590 and rs11662595 were also correlated with clinical stages, lymph node involvement, and HER2 status. These findings indicated that the variants of rs623590, rs11662595 and rs1421125 genotypes of HRH4 gene were significantly associated with the risk and malignant degree of breast cancer in Chinese Han populations, which may provide us novel insight into the pathogenesis of breast cancer although further studies with larger participants worldwide are still needed for conclusion validation. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

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