Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Area Command of PLA

Kunming, China

Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Area Command of PLA

Kunming, China

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Zhu G.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Area Command of PLA | Wang J.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Area Command of PLA | Song M.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhou F.,Kunming Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Annals of Vascular Surgery | Year: 2017

Background: Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) has significant age-dependent alterations in properties, but the role of Jagged1 in aging-induced decline of EPC functions remains unclear. Methods: 2- and 20-month old healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in present study. Jagged1 gene transfection was performed in EPC isolated from aged (AEPC) and young rats (YEPC), respectively. Experiments were divided into 4 groups: (1) pIRES2-EGFP (PE) group, (2) PE-combined N-[N-(3, 5-difluoro-phenacetyl)-1- alany1]-S-phenyglycine t-butyl ester (DAPT) (PE + D) group, (3) pIRES2 EGFP-Jagged1 (PEJ) group, and (4) PEJ combined DAPT (PEJ + D) group. Notch molecules were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction or Western blotting. CD34, CD133, CD45, and KDR markers were detected by flow cytometry. EPC migration and proliferation were detected with a modified Boyden chamber and 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, respectively; the tube formation ability was assayed by in vitro angiogenesis kit; EPC transfusion after Jagged1 gene transfection was performed in rat carotid artery injury models. Results: Jagged1 gene transfection effectively activates notch-signaling pathway. Compared with PE groups, overexpression of Jagged1 significantly promoted AEPC functions including proliferation, migration, the tube formation ability, and cell differentiation, these effects could be reasonably diminished by DAPT. In vivo study demonstrated that Jagged1 overexpressing also significantly promoted AEPC homing to the vascular injury sites and decreases the neointima formation after vascular injury. Conclusions: Overexpression of Jagged1 ameliorates aged rat-derived EPC functions and increases its transfusion efficiency for balloon-induced rat arterial injury. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

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