Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command

Kunming, China

Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command

Kunming, China

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Huang J.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2012

To investigate the anti-infection and bone repair effects of cationic liposome-encapsulated vancomycin combined with the nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan/konjac glucomannan (n-HA/CS/KGM) composite scaffold in vivo. Fifty-one 6-month-old New Zealand white rabbits, weighing 1.5-3.0 kg, were selected to prepare chronic infectious tibia bone defect model by using Staphylococcus aureus. After 4 weeks, 48 survival rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=12). After debridement, defect was treated with nothing in group A, with n-HA/CS/KGM composite scaffold in group B, with vancomycin and n-HA/CS/KGM composite scaffold in group C, and with cationic liposome-encapsulated vancomycin and n-HA/CS/KGM composite scaffold in group D. After 8 weeks of treatment, general observation, X-ray, HE staining, the bacterial culture, and the measurement of the longest diameter of bone defect were done. At 4 weeks after modeling, 48 rabbits were diagnosed as having osteomyelitis, including periosteal new bone formation, destruction of bone, and soft tissue swelling. The Norden score was 3.83 +/- 0.52. At 8 weeks after treatment, sinus healed in groups C and D, but sinus was observed in groups A and B; the gross bone pathological scores of group D were significantly better than those of groups A and B (P < 0.05). Bone defects were repaired completely in group D, the results of the longest diameter of bone defects in group D was significantly better than those in the other 3 groups (P < 0.05). New bone formation was observed in groups C and D, but periosteal reaction and marrow low-density shadow were observed in groups A and B; Norden score in group D was significantly better than those in groups A, B, and C (P < 0.05). HE staining showed that there were a large number of trabecular bone formation and fibrosis, with no obvious signs of infection in groups C and D, but neutrophil accumulation was observed in groups A and B; Smeltzer scores in groups C and D were significantly better than those in groups A and B (P < 0.05). Bacteriological results showed higher negative rate in groups C and D than in groups A and B (P < 0.05). Cationic liposome-encapsulated vancomycin and n-HA/CS/KGM composite scaffold can be a good treatment for infectious bone defects in rabbits, providing a new strategy for the therapy of bone defects in chronic infection.


Tang H.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2010

It is difficult to treat chronic osteomyelitis due to the formation of the Staphylococcus aureus biofilms. Liposomal gentamicin-impregnated allogeneic cortical bone can inhibit the formation of the Staphylococcus aureus biofilms. To explore the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis of rabbit by liposomal gentamicin-impregnated allogeneic cortical bone. The liposomal gentamicin, liposomal gentamicin-impregnated allogeneic cortical bone and gentamicin-impregnated allogeneic cortical bone were produced. Then the chronic Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis models of rabbit were made in left lower limbs of 40 6-month-old rabbits and the right lower limbs were used as controls. After 2 weeks, the observations of gross and X-ray were done. Four rabbits died within 10 days after the models were made and other 36 rabbits were divided into 6 groups: group A (no antibiotics), group B (intravenous injection of gentamicin), group C (intravenous injection of liposomal gentamicin), group D (implantation of gentamicin-impregnated allogeneic cortical bone), group E (implantation of liposomal gentamicin-impregnated allogeneic cortical bone), and group F (implantation of allogeneic cortical bone). After 2 weeks of treatment, the bacterial culture, X-ray and HE staining were done. The chronic Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis model of rabbit was made successfully. The X-ray showed dissolution of bone and periosteal reaction in groups A, B, C, and F, and no obvious dissolution of bone and periosteal reaction in groups D and E. The Norden scores were (2.5 +/- 0.3), (2.1 +/- 0.2), (1.5 +/- 0.3), (1.5 +/- 0.2), (0.9 +/- 0.3), and (2.7 +/- 0.3) points in groups A-F, respectively; showing significant differences between group A and groups B-E (P < 0.05), between groups B, E, F and other groups (P < 0.05). The results of blood and marrow cultures for Staphylococcus aureus were positive in groups A and F, and negative in other 4 groups; the results of bone marrow culture for Staphylococcus aureus were positive in 6 rabbits of group B, 4 rabbits of group C and 3 rabbits of group D; and the results were negative in group E. HE staining showed: in groups A and F, abscess and dead bone formed, and no new bone formation were observed; in groups B and C, different degrees of neutrophil accumulation was seen; in group D, some neutrophil accumulation occurred, and osteoprogenitor cells and osteoclasts were seen around implanted bone; and in group E, no neutrophil accumulation was observed, a lot of granulation tissues formed, and osteoprogenitor cells and osteoclasts were seen around implanted bone. Implantation of liposomal gentamicin-impregnated allogeneic cortical bone has remarkably better effect in treating chronic osteomyelitis than intravenous injection of liposomal gentamicin and implantation of gentamicin-impregnated allogeneic cortical bone.


Chen J.,Shanghai University | Yang C.,Shanghai University | Ran B.,Shanghai University | Wang Y.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command | And 4 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2013

Study Design.: A single-center, retrospective study of 39 consecutive patients with Lenke 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), all operated by a single surgeon using identical surgical technique and type of instrumentation (pedicle screws). Objective.: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of implant density on coronal and sagittal correction in the treatment of Lenke 5 AIS. Summary of Background Data.: There is an increasing trend in the use of pedicle screws in spinal corrective surgery. It is reported that decreased numbers of pedicle screws (low screw density) have no effects on the clinical outcomes for patients with Lenke 1 AIS. However, no previous studies have investigated the effects of reduced density of screw implantation on coronal correction and sagittal lumbar lordosis in patients with Lenke 5 AIS. Methods.: Thirty-nine consecutive patients with Lenke 5 AIS underwent single-stage posterior correction and instrumented spinal fusion with pedicle screw fixation between 2006 and 2010. The radiographs were analyzed before surgery, immediately after surgery, and at the 2-year follow-up. General information of patients was recorded. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between implant density, coronal Cobb angle correction, and correction index (postoperative correction/preoperative curve flexibility). The relations between implant density and magnitude of coronal and sagittal curve correction were also investigated. Results.: The mean patient age at the time of operation was 14.5 years. The mean preoperative lumbar curve of 48.5 ± 9.2 was corrected to 13.7 ± 7.2 (72% correction) at a 2-year follow-up. There was a significant correlation between implant density and curve correction (r = 0.43, P < 0.05). No correlation was detected between implant density and correction index (r =-0.21, P = 0.20), and there was also no correlation between implant density and magnitude of sagittal curve correction (r = 0.065, P = 0.693). Conclusion.: Without curve flexibility taken into consideration, implant density is positively correlated with thoracolumbar or lumbar coronal Cobb curve correction. No significant correlation is found between screw density and correction index, if the effect of the flexibility was eliminated. There was no association between implant density and magnitude of sagittal curve correction before and after surgery. Copyright © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


He X.-Q.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command
Annals of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2016

ABSTRACT: Severe motorcycle spoke injuries of the heel lead to Achilles tendon defects, calcaneal tubercle exposure or loss, and overlying soft tissue defects, which are challenging to treat. Given the special physiological and developmental characteristics of children, severe spoke injuries of the heel in children are especially troublesome.We report details of 31 cases of severe motorcycle spoke injuries of the heel in children. The reconstruction timing depended on the time since injury, systematic conditions, and concurrent injuries. Eighteen cases were reconstructed at the time of emergency surgery, and 13 cases underwent delayed reconstruction. Appropriate flap transfer and Achilles tendon repair were conducted based on the defect size of the Achilles tendon, the main location of the soft tissue defect, and the distal residues of the Achilles tendon.Of the 31 cases, 16 cases were reconstructed with sliding gastrocnemius musculocutaneous flaps, 7 cases had saphenous neurocutaneous flaps, 4 cases had posterior tibial perforator flaps, 3 cases had sural neurocutaneous flaps, and 1 case was repaired with a peroneal artery perforator flap. All flaps healed uneventfully except for 3 cases of flap partial necrosis and 1 case of local infection of the Achilles tendon. During 6 months to 4 years of follow-up, dorsiflexion of the ankle was obviously limited at first but gradually recovered and enabled normal walking. However, due to the possibilities of calcaneal defects, epiphyseal injuries, and Achilles tendon problems, long-term follow-up is indicated. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


Dou K.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command | Xu Q.,Tianjin Medical University | Han X.,The First Peoples Hospital of Kunming City
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2013

Background: Numerous epidemiological studies have been conducted to explore the association between the Lys939Gln polymorphism of Xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC) gene and urinary bladder cancer susceptibility. However, the results remain inconclusive. In order to derive a more precise estimation of this relationship, a large and update meta-analysis was performed in this study.Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted through researching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, China Biomedical Literature database (CBM) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases before June 2013. Crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to estimate the strength of the association.Results: A total of 12 studies with 4828 cases and 4890 controls for evaluating the XPC Lys939Gln polymorphism and urinary bladder cancer were included. Overall, there was significant associations between the XPC Lys939Gln polymorphism and urinary bladder cancer risk were found for homozygous model (OR = 1.352, 95% CL = 1.088-1.681), heterozygous model (OR = 1.354, 95% CL = 1.085-1.688), and allele comparison (OR = 1.109, 95% CL = 1.013-1.214). In subgroup analysis by ethnicity and source of controls, there were still significant associations detected in some genetic models.Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggested that the XPC Lys939Gln polymorphism contributed to the risk of urinary bladder cancer.Virtual slides: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1001118393101798. © 2013 Dou et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Huang Z.X.,Shanghai University | Huang Z.X.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command | Lu Z.J.,Shanghai University | Ma W.Q.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command | And 4 more authors.
Pain | Year: 2014

Patients with bone cancer commonly experience bone pain that is severe, intolerable, and difficult to manage. The rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) plays an important role in the development of chronic pain via descending facilitation of spinal nociception. The compelling evidence shows that glial P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is involved in the induction and maintenance of chronic pain syndromes. The present study explored the mechanism of glial activation and P2X7R expression underlying the induction of bone cancer pain. The results demonstrated that microglia and astrocytes in the RVM were markedly activated in bone cancer rats, and the expression of P2X7R was significantly upregulated. Injection of Brilliant Blue G (BBG), an inhibitor of P2X7R, into the RVM significantly alleviated pain behaviors of cancer rats, which was supported by intra-RVM injection of RNA interference targeting the P2X7R in the RVM. It is suggested that activation of microglia-expressed P2X7R in the RVM contributes to bone cancer pain. Given that 5-HT in the RVM is involved in modulating spinal nociception, changes in 5-HT and Fos expression were addressed in the spinal cord. Inhibition of P2X7R by BBG or small-interference RNA targeting P2X7 in the RVM markedly reduced 5-HT level and Fos expression in the spinal cord. The data clearly suggest that the activation of microglial P2X7R in the RVM contributes to the development of bone cancer pain via upregulation of spinal 5HT levels by the descending pain facilitatory system. © 2014 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Zhao L.,Kunming University of Science and Technology | Zhao X.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command | Wu X.,Kunming University of Science and Technology | Tang W.,Kunming University of Science and Technology
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2013

Background: The p53 tumor suppressor gene Arg72Pro polymorphism has been associated with esophageal cancer. However, the results were not consistent. Herein, this meta-analysis was performed to estimate the association between p53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and esophageal cancer. Methods: Electronic search of PubMed was conducted to select studies. Studies containing available genotype frequencies of Arg72Pro were chosen, and pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to assess the association. Results: The final meta-analysis included 14 published studies with 4184 esophageal cancer cases and 7308 controls. The results suggested that the variant genotype was associated with the esophageal cancer risk in additive model (Pro vs. Arg: OR=1.146, 95% CI: 1.016-1.293, p=0.027) and in recessive model (Pro/Pro vs. Arg/Arg+Arg/Pro: OR=1.258, 95% CI: 1.021-1.551, p=0.031). In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, the data suggested that the increased esophageal cancer risk associated with p53 Arg72Pro polymorphism was more evident in the Asian group. The symmetric funnel plot, the Egger's test (p>0.05) and the Begg's test (p>0.05) suggested the lack of publication bias. Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggests that p53 codon 72 polymorphism contributes to esophageal cancer risk, especially in Asians. To validate this association, further studies with more participants worldwide are needed to examine association between this polymorphism and esophageal cancer. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


He J.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command | Xu G.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command
Tumor Biology | Year: 2013

The leptin (LEP) gene has been considered to be implicated in the development of cancer. However, the results have been inconsistent. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis to clarify the association of LEP rs7799039 variant with colorectal and prostate cancer risk. Published literatures from PubMed and Embase were retrieved. Pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95 % confidence interval (CI) was calculated using fixed or random effects model. A total of five studies (2,596 colorectal cancer cases and 3,240 controls) for association of LEP rs7799039 variant with colorectal cancer, and three studies (1,343 prostate cancer cases and 1,238 controls) for association with prostate cancer were included in the meta-analysis. For colorectal cancer, there was no significant association of LEP rs7799039 variant with this disease under homogeneous co-dominant model (OR = 0.88, 95 % CI = 0.75-1.02), heterogeneous co-dominant model (OR = 1.00, 95 % CI = 0.89-1.13) and dominant model (OR = 0.97, 95 % CI = 0.87-1.08); however, there was a marginal association under recessive model (OR = 0.87, 95 % CI = 0.76-0.99). For prostate cancer, there was significant association of LEP rs7799039 variant with this disease under homogeneous co-dominant model (OR = 1.33, 95 % CI = 1.06-1.67) and recessive model (OR = 1.26, 95 % CI = 1.05-1.51), but not under heterogeneous co-dominant model (OR = 1.24, 95 % CI = 0.87-1.77) and dominant model (OR = 1.30, 95 % CI = 1.84). The present meta-analysis demonstrated that the LEP rs7799039 variant was associated with prostate cancer, but not with colorectal cancer. © 2013 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).


Su Z.,Nanjing Southeast University | Su Z.,Harvard University | Yang Z.,Kunming Medical University | Yang Z.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Cancer | Year: 2015

Metastasis is a crucial hallmark of cancer progression, which involves numerous factors including the degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM), the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), tumor angiogenesis, the development of an inflammatory tumor microenvironment, and defects in programmed cell death. Programmed cell death, such as apoptosis, autophagy, and necroptosis, plays crucial roles in metastatic processes. Malignant tumor cells must overcome these various forms of cell death to metastasize. This review summarizes the recent advances in the understanding of the mechanisms by which key regulators of apoptosis, autophagy, and necroptosis participate in cancer metastasis and discusses the crosstalk between apoptosis, autophagy, and necroptosis involved in the regulation of cancer metastasis. © Su et al.


Su Z.,Nanjing Southeast University | Su Z.,Harvard University | Yang Z.,Kunming Medical University | Yang Z.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command | And 3 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous 22 nt non-coding RNAs that target mRNAs for cleavage or translational repression. Numerous miRNAs regulate programmed cell death including apoptosis, autophagy and necroptosis. We summarize how miRNAs regulate apoptotic, autophagic and necroptotic pathways and cancer progression. We also discuss how miRNAs link different types of cell death.

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