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Soh H.C.,Kumho Life and Environmental Science Laboratory | Park A.R.,Kumho Life and Environmental Science Laboratory | Park S.,Chonnam National University | Back K.,Chonnam National University | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Plant Pathology | Year: 2012

To elucidate the functional roles of PR10 genes from two pepper species during plant-pathogen interactions, PR10 genes were isolated from fungal-resistant (Capsicum baccatum var. PBC80) and fungal-susceptible (C. annuum var. Yeoju) pepper fruits infected with anthracnose fungus (Colletotrichum acutatum). Despite strong nucleotide sequence identity, there were significant differences in the patterns of gene expression and protein accumulation between the genes from the two host species. Induced expression of the PR10 mRNA in PBC80 (bacPR10) was highly maintained from 24 h after infection (HAI) rather than that in Yeoju (annPR10). These mRNA expression patterns were correlated with the level of respective protein that was detected as two or three bands in each species. Substantial induction of bacPR10 proteins was confirmed by 2D-gel analysis followed by immunoblotting. Immunolocalization study showed that deposition of bacPR10 was exclusively observed in the pericarp of PBC80 fruits after fungal infection, suggesting functional significance in defence. Additionally, in vitro analysis of the enzymatic properties of PR10 proteins revealed that recombinant bacPR10 had higher ribonucleolytic activity and exhibited less sensitivity to proteinase treatment than did annPR10. Taken together, these results support the idea that relative abundance and prolonged longevity of bacPR10 in PBC80 fruits may contribute to their increased resistance in response to the anthracnose fungus, as compared with Yeoju fruit. © 2011 KNPV.

Tata S.K.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Choi J.Y.,Korea University | Jung J.-Y.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Lim K.Y.,Kumho Life and Environmental Science Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Industrial Crops and Products | Year: 2012

Hevea brasiliensis is an important plant species currently cultivated for the commercial production of natural rubber. As the demand for rubber continues to increase, it is important to identify alternative sources of natural rubber and to increase plant rubber content using molecular approaches. Taraxacum kok-saghyz, a Russian dandelion, produces natural rubber that is of high quality. In this study, the SMALL RUBBER PARTICLE PROTEIN (SRPP) promoter from H. brasiliensis was characterized to determine its suitability for the expression of latex-specific genes in Taraxacum brevicorniculatum which is another Russian dandelion species of T. kok-saghyz from the similar geographical areas. Studies using transgenic Taraxacum plants carrying the SRPP promoter::β-glucuronidase (GUS) sequence indicate that the SRPP promoter does induce gene expression primarily in laticiferous tissues. Additionally, the promoter was regulated by various external conditions including light, tapping, and cold. These findings suggest that the SRPP promoter will be a useful molecular tool for the manipulation of gene expression in the laticiferous tissues of Taraxacum plant species. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

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