Kulima Integrated Development Solutions Pty Ltd

Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

Kulima Integrated Development Solutions Pty Ltd

Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
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Vincent K.,Kulima Integrated Development Solutions Pty Ltd | Vincent K.,University of Witwatersrand | Dougill A.J.,University of Leeds | Dixon J.L.,University of Leeds | And 2 more authors.
Climate Policy | Year: 2015

The importance of climate services, i.e. providing targeted, tailored, and timely weather and climate information, has gained momentum, but requires improved understanding of user needs. This article identifies the opportunities and barriers to the use of climate services for planning in Malawi, to identify the types of information that can better inform future adaptation decisions in sub-Saharan Africa. From policy analysis, stakeholder interviews, and a national workshop utilizing serious games, it is determined that only 5–10 day and seasonal forecasts are currently being used in government decision making. Impediments to greater integration of climate services include spatial and temporal scale, accessibility, timing, credibility and the mismatch in timeframes between planning cycles (1–5 years) and climate projections (over 20 years). Information that could more usefully inform planning decisions includes rainfall distribution within a season, forecasts with 2–3 week lead times, likely timing and location of extreme events in the short term (1–5 years), and projections (e.g. rainfall and temperature change) in the medium term (6–20 years). Development of a national set of scenarios would also make climate information more accessible to decision makers, and capacity building around such scenarios would enable its improved use in short- to medium-term planning. Improved climate science and its integration with impact models offer exciting opportunities for integrated climate-resilient planning across sub-Saharan Africa. Accrual of positive impacts requires enhanced national capacity to interpret climate information and implement communication strategies across sectors. Policy relevance For climate services to achieve their goal of improving adaptation decision making, it is necessary to understand the decision making process and how and when various types of weather and climate information can be incorporated. Through a case study of public sector planning in Malawi, this article highlights relevant planning and policy-making processes. The current use of weather and climate information and needs, over various timescales – sub-annual to short term (1–5 years) to medium term (6–20 years) – is outlined. If climate scientists working with boundary organizations are able to address these issues in a more targeted, sector-facing manner they will improve the uptake of climate services and the likelihood of climate-resilient decisions across sub-Saharan Africa. © 2015 Taylor & Francis


Vincent K.,Kulima Integrated Development Solutions Pty Ltd | Vincent K.,University of Witwatersrand | Cull T.,Kulima Integrated Development Solutions Pty Ltd | Hamazakaza P.,Zambia Agricultural Research Institute | And 3 more authors.
Climate and Development | Year: 2013

Southern Africa has a history of climate variability, and thus is an ideal setting to analyse responses to past and current climate variability by farmers. This paper presents original qualitative research undertaken in five southern African countries (Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe) to determine farmers' responses and whether they can be classified as coping or adaptation. Farmers were both subsistence- and commercially oriented, operating on a variety of scales, from small-scale through to large-scale, and growing a wide variety of crops, from cereals to vegetables and cash crops. A wide range of strategies have been adopted in order to respond to climate variability and change. These strategies include crisis responses, modifying farming practices, modifying crop types and varieties, resource management and diversification. Coping typically refers to short-term strategies designed to maintain survival, but the long-term nature of many of the responses suggests that they do, in fact, constitute adaptations to current variability and change. However, determining whether or not the observed strategies are examples of coping or adaptation is dependent on the particular context in which they were observed, and also requires a consideration of the scale of interest. This has implications for how policies and programmes are designed to support adaptation in the future. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Vincent K.,Kulima Integrated Development Solutions Pty Ltd | Vincent K.,University of Witwatersrand | Cull T.,Kulima Integrated Development Solutions Pty Ltd
Geography Compass | Year: 2014

Climate change is one of the most pressing global issues. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is committed to supporting adaptation in developing countries but identifying priority needs depends on an assessment of vulnerability. Indicators and indices are one common method for vulnerability assessments. A variety of vulnerability indicators and indices have been created for global level, cross-country comparison within regions and also at sub-national level, and as a result of these indicators, a variety of methodological critiques have arisen. This paper reviews vulnerability science and the evolution of indicators for vulnerability assessment and then assesses whether there is utility in using indicators for assessing the risk of loss and damage - one of the latest thrusts of the international policy negotiations. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Stringer L.C.,University of Leeds | Dougill A.J.,University of Leeds | Dyer J.C.,University of Leeds | Vincent K.,Kulima Integrated Development Solutions Pty Ltd | And 8 more authors.
Regional Environmental Change | Year: 2014

Climate compatible development (CCD) has emerged as a new concept that bridges climate change adaptation, mitigation and community-based development. Progress towards CCD requires multi-stakeholder, multi-sector working and the development of partnerships between actors who may not otherwise have worked together. This creates challenges and opportunities that require careful examination at project and institutional levels and necessitates the sharing of experiences between different settings. In this paper, we draw on the outcomes from a multi-stakeholder workshop held in Mozambique in 2012, the final in a series of activities in a regional project assessing emerging CCD partnerships across southern Africa. The workshop involved policymakers, researchers and representatives from NGOs and the private sector. We employ a content analysis of workshop notes and presentations to identify the progress and challenges in moving four case study countries (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe) towards CCD pathways, by exploring experiences from both project and policy levels. To advance institutional support for the development of successful CCD policies, practices and partnerships, we conclude that there is a need for: (a) institutional development at the national level to strengthen coordination and more clearly define roles and responsibilities across sectors, based on the identification of capacity and knowledge gaps; (b) partnership development, drawing on key strengths and competences of different stakeholders and emphasising the roles of the private sector and traditional authorities; (c) learning and knowledge-sharing through national and regional fora; and (d) development of mechanisms that permit more equitable and transparent distribution of costs and benefits. These factors can facilitate development of multi-stakeholder, multi-level partnerships that are grounded in community engagement from the outset, helping to translate CCD policy statements into on-the-ground action. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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