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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: Fission-2008-6.0.3 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2009

The development of GENERATION IV nuclear systems is identified as an important objective of the present Euratom work programme. The significant support given in FP5 and FP6 allowed Europe to acquire strong assets in the technology of one of the 6 GENERATION IV reactor types, the (V)HTR. In line with these assets and with the recommendation of the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform, which points out high temperature industrial process heat applications of nuclear energy as one of 3 major axes of development recommended for European nuclear R&D, the EUROPAIRS project proposes a step forward towards industrial application of (V)HTR technology: the objective of EUROPAIRS is to identify the boundary conditions for the viability of nuclear cogeneration systems connected to conventional industrial processes and to initiate the partnership of nuclear organisations and end-user industries, which would be deployed in a further step to develop a Demonstrator coupling a (V)HTR with industrial processes (the boundary condition framework defines technical, industrial, economical, licensing and safety requirements for the nuclear system, the processes that can consume the energy generated, and the coupling system). For that purpose, 1) A strong partnership of nuclear industrial and R&D organisations with process heat user industries, which is absolutely needed, will be built, based on the joint participation of nuclear and heat end-user partners. The implementation of the project will allow a better understanding of these two communities through mutual information, as well as a sharing of the objectives and of the development programme for the demonstrator. 2) Boundary conditions for nuclear cogeneration will be defined from the points of view of technical feasibility, industrial practicability, licensing acceptability (with the input of Regulator and TSO partners), sustainability and economic competitiveness. The critical issues will be identified, solutions of viable coupling schemes will be proposed and R&D needs pointed out. 3) A roadmap for designing and constructing a demonstrator will be elaborated, including the developments needed for the reactor, the heat transport system and the process heat applications, as well as the R&D and qualification actions required in support of this programme. A schedule will be proposed as well as an estimation of the costs and a sketch of the business case for further industrial deployment.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2010.2.4-1 | Award Amount: 12.75M | Year: 2011

The objective of the CARENA project is to accelerate the introduction of membrane reactors into the European chemical industry by the development of novel material and processes for the conversions of alkanes and CO2 into valuable chemicals. In a future environment with higher cost of crude oil and of CO2, the European chemical industry can only remain competitive by radical innovation. Process intensification is a key innovation area identified by the European Platform for Sustainable Chemistry (SusChem) for a more sustainable European industry. A consortium of mayor EU chemical companies, research institutes and universities will develop new membrane based approaches to convert un-reactive alkanes to functionalized chemicals.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.2.5-1 | Award Amount: 13.73M | Year: 2011

OPTS project aims at developing a new Thermal Energy Storage (TES) system based on single tank configuration using stratifying Molten Salts (MS, Sodium/Potassium Nitrates 60/40 w/w) as heat storage medium at 550C maximum temperature, integrated with a Steam Generator (SG), to provide efficient, reliable and economic energy storage for the next generation of trough and tower plants. The three-year experimental program will be focused to the full development of the integrated system (TES-SG) up to demonstration level. The SG, with natural recirculation of the MS, can be either positioned directly into the tank (Pool-type) or as an external shell-and-tube once-through SG (Loop-type) with piping system and pump. Since the objective is to develop a new TES-SG concept for large-scale CSP plants, i.e. 50 MWe, the experimental concept has to be verified in a relevant scale (at least 12.5 MWth), maintaining the same main thermo-fluid-dynamic parameters as the full scale system. This test section will be designed, built, and tested. Basic experimental, modelling and engineering activities will be carried out to support the design and optimization of the proposed technology. These activities include assessment of MS heat transport properties under relevant representative conditions for the TES-SG system. Moreover, design, optimization and cost-benefit assessment for a full-scale TES-SG system (125 MWth/50MWe) will be done in the framework of the OPTS project coupled with a CSP (tower or trough) plant.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-4.0-2 | Award Amount: 12.21M | Year: 2009

The project addresses from one site the most critical and costly step to produce liquid fuel from natural gas using conventional routes, e.g. the stage of syngas production, and from the other side explores alternative routes to convert natural gas to liquid transportable products. The general objective is to explore novel and innovative (precompetitive) routes for transformation of natural gas to liquid products, particularly suited for remote areas to facilitate the transport. The aim is an integrated multi-disciplinary approach to develop in a long term vision the next-stage catalysts and related precompetitive technologies for gas to liquid conversion, in fully consistence with the indications of the call. For this reason, we have excluded to consider as part of the project catalytic technologies, such as FT synthesis and hydrocracking. In addition, we have excluded to investigate coal to liquid, both due to environmental impact of the use of coal, and to focus R&D. We have thus focused the project on three cluster lines: 1. new, not conventional routes for catalytic syngas formation from natural gas which include steps of separation by membrane and eventual reuse of byproducts; 2. direct catalytic conversion of methane to methanol/DME; 3. direct catalytic conversion of methane to aromatics under non-oxidative conditions followed by upgrading of the products by alkylation with ethane/propane.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.2.9-1 | Award Amount: 21.96M | Year: 2011

The proposed MATS Project aims at promoting the exploitation of concentrated solar energy through small and middle scale facilities, suitable to fulfil local requirements of power and heat, and easily to back-up with the renewable fuels locally already available or that can be expressly produced. The implementation of the project will allow to test the CSP (Concentrating Solar Power) technology in a location very advantageous with regard to the solar radiation rate as an example for the diffusion of this technology in other Mediterranean Countrie. Besides, it will represent the start-up for a development of specialized local industries. More in detail, the MATS project is focused on the innovative CSP technology developed by ENEA as an improvement of its Solar Thermodynamic technology based on molten salts as heat transfer fluid. This technology, referred as TREBIOS, allows combined heat and power production from solar source integrated with renewable fuels, such as biomass, biogas, industrial residues etc. by means of standardized units that provide high performances and limited cost. The objective of the proposal is the full scale demonstration of TREBIOS technology through the industrial development, the realization and the experimental operation of a multipurpose facility to be installed in Egypt. The thermal energy produced by this plant will be used as energy source in a desalination unit included in the installation, as well as for district heating and cooling. The use of suitable heat storage systems enhance mismatch of power production from the instantaneous solar radiation availability. These features enable electrical energy production on demand and the optimized utilization of captured solar heat by additional loads like desalination units. The integration with a back up fuel like biomass makes the system flexible and enables continuous power production

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