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Kahramanmaraş, Turkey

Ozer A.,KSU Medical Faculty | Ekerbicer H.C.,KSU Medical Faculty | Celik M.,KSU Medical Faculty | Nacar M.,Erciyes University
Transplantation Proceedings | Year: 2010

Objective To establish the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of the officials of religion, a group with potentially powerful influence on the society, in particular regarding organ donation. Methods This study, performed in Kahramanmaras Province, Turkey, included 416 of 641 officials of religion (64.9%): 295 of 492 imams (59.9%) and 121 of 149 Koran course educators (81.2%). Results The mean (SD) age of the study group was 37.2 (8.2) years. Only 1.4% had stated that carried organ donation cards. Of participants who had not donated organs asked whether they thought of donation, 14.1% answered yes, 17.1% answered no, and 68.8% were undecided. Of the study group, 88.2% considered organ donation appropriate according to their religion. The imams compared with Koran course educators, and men compared with women demonstrated higher rates of considering organ donation appropriate according to their religion (P < .05). Among participants who stated they had knowledge about organ donation, the 3 leading information sources were television, newspapers or journals, and in- service training by the Directorate of Religious Affairs. The 3 primary organs the study group stated they were aware of being transplanted were kidneys, liver, and heart. Conclusion Although 88.2% of religious officials in the present study stated that organ donation was appropriate according to their religion, only 1.4% agreed to donate organs. Officials of religion hold an important place in society, and should be well informed and educated about organ donation via in-service training courses, and encourage organ donation by members of society. © 2010 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Aslan L.,KSU Medical Faculty | Aslankurt M.,KSU Medical Faculty | Bozkurt S.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University | Aksoy A.,KSU Medical Faculty | And 3 more authors.
Toxicology and Industrial Health | Year: 2015

The aim of this study is to report ophthalmic findings of acute mercury poisoning in 48 adults referred to emergency department. Full ophthalmologic examination including the best corrected visual acuity, external eye examination, reaction to light, a slit-lamp examination, funduscopy, intraocular pressure measurements, and visual field (VF) and color vision (CV) tests were performed at the presentation and repeated after 6 months. The parametric values of VF test, the mean deviation (MD), and pattern standard deviation (PSD) were recorded in order to compare patients and the 30 healthy controls. The mean parameter of color confusion index in patients was found to be statistically different than controls (p < 0.01). The MD and PSD in patients were different from controls statistically significant (p < 0.01 and p < 0.01, respectively). There was no correlation between the ocular findings and the urine and blood mercury levels. Methyl mercury, held in the school laboratory for experimental purpose, may be a source of poisoning. In this case series, we showed that acute exposure to mercury had hazardous effect on the visual system, especially CV and VF. We propose that emphasizing the public education on the potential hazards of mercury is crucial for preventive community health. © SAGE Publications.

Aksoy A.,KSU Medical Faculty | Aslan L.,KSU Medical Faculty | Aslankurt M.,KSU Medical Faculty | Eser O.,KSU Medical Faculty | And 3 more authors.
Seminars in Ophthalmology | Year: 2014

Purpose: We aimed to measure peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in children with thalassemia major (tha-major), children with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), and children in a healthy control group. Materials and Methods: A total of 47 children with tha-major and 22 children with IDA were selected from two pediatric hematology outpatient clinics as our experimental groups, while 35 healthy children were randomly selected from a primary school to act as a control group. After a complete eye examination was conducted and intraocular pressure measurements were obtained, RNFL measurements were performed using optical coherence tomography, and the information was recorded for statistical analysis. Results: The mean age of the participants was 9.65 ± 4.13 years in the tha-major group, 9.14 ± 2.53 years in the IDA group, and 9.13 ± 3.29 years in the control group, respectively, with no statistically significant difference among the three groups (p > 0.05). Mean peripapillary RNFL thickness was 119.38 ± 35.49 microns in the tha-major group, 184.00 ± 31.14 microns in the IDA group, and 187.73 ± 27.36 microns in the control group. It was significantly thinner in all quadrants in the tha-major group vs. the other two groups (p < 0.01), and in only the inferior quadrant in the IDA group (p < 0.05). Average RNLF thickness correlated positively with mean hemoglobin value (r = 0.488; p < 0.001) and negatively with mean ferritin level (r = -0.544; p < 0.001), but no correlations with mean number of transfusions and mean visual acuity were observed (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The study revealed that peripapillary RNFL is thinner in tha-major in all quadrants and in only the inferior quadrant in IDA. Thinning of the RNLF correlated with hemoglobin value and ferritin level, but not with number of transfusions and visual acuity. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

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